Archive for the ‘quantum physics’ category: Page 9

Feb 7, 2023

Rabi oscillations in a stretching molecule

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

Over eighty years ago, Rabi oscillations were proposed to describe the strong coupling and population transfer in a two-level quantum system exposed to an oscillatory driving field. As compared to atoms, molecules have an extra degree of vibration, which adds an additional knob to the Rabi oscillations in light-molecule interactions. However, how such a laser-driven Rabi oscillation during the stretching of molecular bonds determines the kinetic energy release (KER) spectrum of dissociative fragments is still an open question.

In a new article published in Light: Science & Applications, a joint team of scientists, led by Professor Feng He from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Professor Jian Wu from East China Normal University has investigated Rabi oscillations in a stretching molecule and discovered the strong-field-induced dissociation dynamics beyond the well-accepted resonant one-photon dissociation scenario. During the dissociation of the simplest molecular ion of H2+, coupled with the laser field, the electron hops between the 1sσg and 2pσu states, forming the Rabi oscillations.

The ionization-created nuclear wave packet (NWP) may propagate alternatively along the two potential energy curves towards a larger internuclear distance monotonically, termed as the rolling process, or may propagate outwards along the 2pσu curve followed by the inward propagation in the 1sσg curve and then be relaunched to 2pσu state again followed by subsequent dissociation, termed as the looping process. The rolling and looping dissociation pathways lead to different KERs of the ejected dissociative fragments, which have been verified by comparing experimental measurements with quantum simulation results.

Feb 6, 2023

Scaling and diversifying the talent pipeline will accelerate quantum opportunities

Posted by in categories: business, computing, nanotechnology, quantum physics

The emerging quantum technology industry offers a dynamic career pathway for creative and adaptable physical scientists, as Stuart Woods of Oxford Instruments NanoScience explains.

As quantum technology companies shift gears to translate their applied research endeavours into commercial opportunities – at scale – they’re going to need ready access to a skilled and diverse quantum workforce of “all the talents”. A case study in this regard is Oxford Instruments NanoScience, a division of parent group Oxford Instruments, the long-established UK provider of specialist technologies and services to research and industry.

The NanoScience business unit, for its part, designs and manufactures research tools to support the development, scale-up and commercialization of next-generation quantum technologies. Think cryogenic systems (operating at temperatures as low as 5 mK) and high-performance magnets that enable researchers to harness the exotic properties of quantum mechanics – entanglement, tunnelling, superposition and the like – to yield practical applications in quantum computing, quantum communications, quantum metrology and quantum imaging.

Continue reading “Scaling and diversifying the talent pipeline will accelerate quantum opportunities” »

Feb 6, 2023

Free Will and Determinism from a Physicist’s Perspective (Sabine Hossenfelder)

Posted by in categories: mathematics, particle physics, quantum physics

The michael shermer show # 294

What is time? Does the past still exist? How did the universe begin and how will it end? Do particles think? Was the universe made for us? Why doesn’t anyone ever get younger? Has physics ruled out free will? Will we ever have a theory of everything? According to Sabine Hossenfelder, it is not a coincidence that quantum entanglement and vacuum energy have become the go-to explanations of alternative healers, or that people believe their deceased grandmother is still alive because of quantum mechanics. Science and religion have the same roots, and they still tackle some of the same questions: Where do we come from? Where do we go to? How much can we know? The area of science that is closest to answering these questions is physics. Over the last century, physicists have learned a lot about which spiritual ideas are still compatible with the laws of nature. Not always, though, have they stayed on the scientific side of the debate.

Continue reading “Free Will and Determinism from a Physicist’s Perspective (Sabine Hossenfelder)” »

Feb 5, 2023

If There Really Are Other Universes, This Is How We’ll Travel the Multiverse

Posted by in categories: cosmology, quantum physics, space travel

Probably not but who knows in a million years?

Whether other universes are membranes floating in space, or a quirk of quantum mechanics, this is how physicists think we’ll traverse the multiverse.

Feb 4, 2023

Dark spins could boost the performance of diamond-based quantum devices

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

The performance of some quantum technologies could be boosted by exploiting interactions between nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres and defects on the surface of diamond – according to research done by two independent teams of scientists in the US.

NV centres in diamond have emerged as a promising solid-state platform for quantum sensing and information processing. They are defects in the diamond lattice in which two carbon atoms are replaced with a single nitrogen atom, leaving one lattice site vacant. NV centres are a two-level spin system into which quantum information can be written and read out using laser light and microwaves. An important property of NV centres is that once they have been put into a specific quantum state, they can remain in that state for a relatively long “coherence” time – which makes them technologically useful.

Feb 4, 2023

Researchers reveal microscopic quantum correlations of ultracold molecules

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

Physicists are increasingly using ultracold molecules to study quantum states of matter. Many researchers contend that molecules have advantages over other alternatives, such as trapped ions, atoms or photons. These advantages suggest that molecular systems will play important roles in emerging quantum technologies. But, for a while now, research into molecular systems has advanced only so far because of long-standing challenges in preparing, controlling and observing molecules in a quantum regime.

Now, as chronicled in a study published in Nature (“Probing site-resolved correlations in a spin system of ultracold molecules”), Princeton researchers have achieved a major breakthrough by microscopically studying molecular gases at a level never before achieved by previous research. The Princeton team, led by Waseem Bakr, associate professor of physics, was able to cool molecules down to ultracold temperatures, load them into an artificial crystal of light known as an optical lattice, and study their collective quantum behavior with high spatial resolution such that each individual molecule could be observed.

“We prepared the molecules in the gas in a well-defined internal and motional quantum state. The strong interactions between the molecules gave rise to subtle quantum correlations which we were able to detect for the first time,” said Bakr.

Feb 3, 2023

The Terrifying Fungus That Could Destroy The World | Unveiled

Posted by in categories: government, quantum physics

The zombie fungus from “The Last of Us”… IS REAL! Join us, and find out more!

Subscribe for more ►

Continue reading “The Terrifying Fungus That Could Destroy The World | Unveiled” »

Feb 3, 2023

How philosophy turned into physics — and reality turned into information

Posted by in category: quantum physics

The Nobel Prize in physics this year has been awarded “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science”.

Feb 3, 2023

The Schrödinger Equation in its Various Forms

Posted by in categories: information science, quantum physics

Perhaps no equation in quantum physics is as ubiquitous as the Schrödinger equation. In this article we will explain and relate these various forms.

Feb 3, 2023

Everything — Yes, Everything — is a SPRING! (Pretty much)

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, neuroscience, particle physics, quantum physics

Sponsor: AG1, The nutritional drink I’m taking for energy and mental focus. Tap this link to get a year’s supply of immune-supporting vitamin D3-K2 & 5 travel packs FREE with your first order:

Science Asylum video on Schrodinger Equation:

Continue reading “Everything — Yes, Everything — is a SPRING! (Pretty much)” »

Page 9 of 545First678910111213Last