Archive for the ‘robotics/AI’ category

Sep 26, 2021

How lasers will create ‘uncrashable’ cars

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, transportation

Luminar is using lidar to build smarter and safer autonomous vehicles.

Sep 25, 2021

What is Consciousness? Part I of the Documentary Consciousness: Evolution of the Mind

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, education, information science, robotics/AI

Consciousness: Evolution of the Mind Documentary (2021), a film by Alex Vikoulov, Part I, WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS?

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Sep 24, 2021

MIT Establishes New Initiative to Meld Humans and Machines

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, cyborgs, robotics/AI, transhumanism

The K. Lisa Yang Center for Bionics has been established thanks to a $24 million donation from philanthropist Lisa Yang, according to an MIT announcement. That’s probably not enough attain the center’s enormously ambitious goals of restoring neural function and rebuilding lost limbs, but it does get the ball rolling and bring together MIT faculty with a variety of specialties toward a common big-picture objective — potentially serving as a much-needed accelerant for disability tech research.

The new research center will fall under the leadership of MIT Media Lab professor Hugh Herr, who is a double amputee himself and has come to be known as a leader in the field of robotic prosthetics. In the MIT announcement, Herr said that he sees this new initiative as an important step toward eliminating physical disabilities altogether.

“The world profoundly needs relief from the disabilities imposed by today’s nonexistent or broken technologies,” Herr said. “We must continually strive towards a technological future in which disability is no longer a common life experience. I am thrilled that the Yang Center for Bionics will help to measurably improve the human experience for so many.”

Sep 24, 2021

A.I. identifies a new antibiotic for drug-resistant bacteria

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, robotics/AI

A deep-learning model identifies a powerful new drug that can kill some antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Sep 24, 2021

A Computer Breakthrough Helps Solve a Complex Math Problem 1 Million Times Faster

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, robotics/AI

Reservoir computing, a machine learning algorithm that mimics the workings of the human brain, is revolutionizing how scientists tackle the most complex data processing challenges, and now, researchers have discovered a new technique that can make it up to a million times faster on specific tasks while using far fewer computing resources with less data input.

With the next-generation technique, the researchers were able to solve a complex computing problem in less than a second on a desktop computer — and these overly complex problems, such as forecasting the evolution of dynamic systems like weather that change over time, are exactly why reservoir computing was developed in the early 2000s.

These systems can be extremely difficult to predict, with the “butterfly effect” being a well-known example. The concept, which is closely associated with the work of mathematician and meteorologist Edward Lorenz, essentially describes how a butterfly fluttering its wings can influence the weather weeks later. Reservoir computing is well-suited for learning such dynamic systems and can provide accurate projections of how they will behave in the future; however, the larger and more complex the system, more computing resources, a network of artificial neurons, and more time are required to obtain accurate forecasts.

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Sep 24, 2021

Sure, AI Could Run the World — Except for Its Fundamental Limits

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

Who has a different opinion here?

Science writer Charles Q. Choi identifies a number of limitations, including a, perhaps, surprising one: AIs are very bad at math.

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Sep 24, 2021

AI tradeoffs: Balancing powerful models and potential biases

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

As developers unlock new AI tools, the risk for perpetuating harmful biases becomes increasingly high — especially on the heels of a year like 2020, which reimagined many of our social and cultural norms upon which AI algorithms have long been trained.

A handful of foundational models are emerging that rely upon a magnitude of training data that makes them inherently powerful, but it’s not without risk of harmful biases — and we need to collectively acknowledge that fact.

Recognition in itself is easy. Understanding is much harder, as is mitigation against future risks. Which is to say that we must first take steps to ensure that we understand the roots of these biases in an effort to better understand the risks involved with developing AI models.

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Sep 24, 2021

Tesla AI Day 2021 Review — Part 2: Training Data. How Does a Car Learn?

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, transportation

The challenge of getting high-quality real-world data.

Tesla is combining manual labeling, auto labeling, and simulation to create real-world datasets for fully self-driving cars.

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Sep 24, 2021

Remote assessment of health by robots from anywhere in the world

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, government, health, robotics/AI

Intelligent sensing and tele-presence robotic technology, enabling health practitioners to remotely assess a person’s physical and cognitive health from anywhere in the world, is being pioneered in research co-led at the University of Strathclyde.

The technology could aid cost-effective diagnosis, more regular monitoring and health assessments alongside assistance, especially for people living with conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and other cognitive impairments.

The system was demonstrated for the first time to the UK Government Minister, Iain Stewart during a visit to the construction site of the National Robotarium, hosted at Heriot-Watt University, which is co-leading the research with Strathclyde.

Sep 24, 2021

How the U.S. Army Is Turning Robots Into Team Players

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Engineers battle the limits of deep learning for battlefield bots.

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