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Archive for the ‘quantum physics’ category

Nov 15, 2018

Albert Einstein, Holograms and Quantum Gravity

Posted by in categories: holograms, particle physics, quantum physics

In the latest campaign to reconcile Einstein’s theory of gravity with quantum mechanics, many physicists are studying how a higher dimensional space that includes gravity arises like a hologram from a lower dimensional particle theory.

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Nov 12, 2018

Physicists wrangled electrons into a quantum fractal

Posted by in category: quantum physics

The tiny, repeating structure could reveal weird behavior of electrons in fractional dimensions.

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Nov 11, 2018

Quantum ‘compass’ promises navigation without using GPS

Posted by in category: quantum physics

The technology could reduce the damage done by GPS satellite failures or jamming efforts.

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Nov 11, 2018

Quantum ‘compass’ could allow navigation without relying on satellites

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, satellites

The UK’s first quantum accelerometer for navigation has been demonstrated by a team from Imperial College London and M Squared.

Most navigation today relies on a system (GNSS), such as GPS, which sends and receives signals from satellites orbiting the Earth. The is a self-contained system that does not rely on any external signals.

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Nov 10, 2018

Scientists to create ‘truly unhackable’ network based on quantum physics

Posted by in categories: computing, internet, quantum physics, security

Scientists are planning to create a network in the Chicago area tapping the principles of quantum physics. The idea is to prove that quantum physics could provide the basis for an unhackable internet.

This, they say, could have wide-ranging impact on communications, computing and national security.

The quantum network development, supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), will stretch between the DOE’s Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Acceleratory Laboratory, a connection that is said will be the longest in the world to send secure information using quantum physics.

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Nov 9, 2018

A two-atom quantum duet

Posted by in categories: nanotechnology, particle physics, quantum physics

Researchers at the Center for Quantum Nanoscience (QNS) within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) achieved a major breakthrough in shielding the quantum properties of single atoms on a surface. The scientists used the magnetism of single atoms, known as spin, as a basic building block for quantum information processing. The researchers could show that by packing two atoms closely together they could protect their fragile quantum properties much better than for just one atom.

The spin is a fundamental mechanical object and governs magnetic properties of materials. In a classical picture, the spin often can be considered like the needle of a compass. The north or south poles of the needle, for example, can represent spin up or down. However, according to the laws of quantum mechanics, the spin can also point in both directions at the same time. This superposition state is very fragile since the interaction of the spin with the local environment causes dephasing of the superposition. Understanding the dephasing mechanism and enhancing the quantum coherence are one of the key ingredients toward spin-based quantum information processing.

In this study, published in the journal Science Advances in November 9, 2018, QNS scientists tried to suppress the decoherence of single by assembling them closely together. The spins, for which they used single titanium atoms, were studied by using a sharp metal tip of a scanning tunneling microscope and the atoms’ were detected using . The researchers found that by bringing the atoms very close together (1 million times closer than a millimeter), they could protect the superposition of these two magnetically coupled atoms 20 times longer compared to an individual atom.

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Nov 8, 2018

Quantum systems: Same, but different

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics, quantum physics

Remarkable rules have been detected in the apparent chaos of disequilibrium processes. Different systems behave identically in many ways, if they belong to the same “universality class.” This means that experiments can be carried out with quantum systems that are easy to handle in order to obtain precise information about systems that cannot be directly studied in the experiment—such as the Big Bang.

Some phenomena are so complicated that it is impossible to precisely calculate them. This includes large , which consist of many particles, particularly when they are not in an equilibrium state, but changing rapidly. Such examples include the wild particle inferno that occurs in particle accelerators when large collide, or conditions just after the Big Bang, when particles rapidly expanded and then cooled.

At TU Wien and Heidelberg University, remarkable rules have been detected in the apparent chaos of disequilibrium processes. This indicates that such processes can be divided into universality classes. Systems belonging to the same class behave identically in many ways. This means that experiments can be carried out with systems that are easy to handle in order to obtain precise information about other systems that cannot be directly studied in the experiment. These findings have since been published in the journal Nature.

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Nov 5, 2018

Quantum Human Biology

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food, health, quantum physics

Expert Panel Host: Dr Brian Clement
Conference Held at Adelphi University 2013.
(A podcast version of this video is available on iTunes.)

• Brian Clement — Learn how to transform your lifestyle from toxic and self-destructive to healthful and self-affirming, and experience renewed energy and vitality that will last a lifetime.

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Nov 5, 2018

Google has enlisted NASA to help it prove quantum supremacy within months

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, supercomputing

The firm will pit its Bristlecone quantum processor against a classical supercomputer early next year and see which comes out on top.

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Nov 4, 2018

Sydney Uni follows the light and steps closer to quantum computing

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Exploring alternatives to electron qubits.

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