Archive for the ‘cosmology’ category

Dec 7, 2019

Have Scientists Cracked One Of The Biggest Mysteries Of Modern Physics?

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

So where did the antimatter go?

This question is one of the biggest mysteries of modern science, and the answer is unknown. Something happened in the earliest moments of the universe to make the antimatter disappear. From our best current measurements of the primordial radiation of the Big Bang (called the cosmic microwave background radiation, or CMB), something tilted the scales in favor of matter, with the ratio of for every three billion antimatter particles, there were three billion and one matter particles. The two sets of three billions cancelled and made the CMB, and the remaining tiny amount of matter went on to form the stars and galaxies that we see in our telescopes today. For this to happen, some physical process had to favor matter over antimatter.

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Dec 7, 2019

Black holes formed from dark matter could be making dead stars explode

Posted by in category: cosmology

White dwarfs are burnt out stars that can explode into supernovae, and this process might be kicked off by a black hole made of dark matter in the heart of the star.

Dec 6, 2019

Will We Ever Find Dark Matter?

Posted by in category: cosmology

The failed hunt for elusive dark matter means that we may have to rethink our hypotheses.

Dec 5, 2019

The universe tends towards disorder. But how come nobody knows why?

Posted by in categories: cosmology, quantum physics

Entropy is the physicist’s magic word, invoked to answer to some of the biggest questions in cosmology. Yet a quantum rethink may be needed to tell us what it actually is.

Dec 4, 2019

The Pure Chaos of Magnetic Fields May Explain The Intense Shine of Black Holes

Posted by in category: cosmology

There’s some irony in the fact that the darkest objects in the sky — black holes — can be responsible for some of the Universe’s brightest light. Simulations of the magnetic fields surrounding black holes and neutron stars have now provided new insights into their astonishing brilliance.

Astrophysicists from Columbia University in New York have developed a model that shows how electrons taking a cosmic roller coaster-ride through magnetic turbulence can generate surprisingly energetic waves of radiation.

Applied to the swirling chaos surrounding dense objects such as black holes, it helps to explain why we see them glow with a ferocity that so far defies explanation.

Dec 3, 2019

Long Live the Multiverse!

Posted by in category: cosmology

The idea that our universe is just part of a much vaster cosmos has a long history—and it’s still very much with us.

Dec 3, 2019

We may finally know the answer to the biggest question, what happened before the Big Bang?

Posted by in categories: cosmology, evolution

The current Lambda CDM model may explain a great deal about the evolution and the chronology of the events that occurred in our Universe but it doesn’t paint the complete picture.

We know of the cosmic inflation that happened followed by the Big Bang itself however how these two are coherently connected has so far defied all our attempts to explain.

During the inflationary period, within less than a trillionth of a second, our universe grew from an infinitesimal point to an octillion (that’s 1 followed by 27 zeroes) times in size, which was followed by a more conventional and gradual period of expansion, nevertheless violent by our standards, which we know as the Big Bang.

Dec 3, 2019

Black Hole Singularities Are as Inescapable as Expected

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics, singularity

For the first time, physicists have calculated exactly what kind of singularity lies at the center of a realistic black hole.

Dec 3, 2019

What Is the Universe Made of?

Posted by in category: cosmology

The universe is filled with billions of galaxies and trillions of stars, along with nearly uncountable numbers of planets, moons, asteroids, comets and clouds of dust and gas – all swirling in the vastness of space.

But if we zoom in, what are the building blocks of these celestial bodies, and where did they come from?

Hydrogen is the most common element found in the universe, followed by helium; together, they make up nearly all ordinary matter. But this accounts for only a tiny slice of the universe — about 5%. All the rest is made of stuff that can’t be seen and can only be detected indirectly. [From Big Bang to Present: Snapshots of Our Universe Through Time].

Dec 2, 2019

Where Do Black Holes Lead?

Posted by in category: cosmology

Scientists have theorized about the other side of a black hole for decades. Here’s what they’ve come up with so far.

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