Archive for the ‘neuroscience’ category: Page 20

Jan 4, 2022

Researchers Identify Biomarker for Depression and Antidepressant Response

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry, neuroscience

Summary: Researchers have identified a novel biomarker for depression and antidepressant response. The biomarker can be identified and monitored through blood samples.

Source: University of Illinois.

Researchers are one step closer to developing a blood test that provides a simple biochemical hallmark for depression and reveals the efficacy of drug therapy in individual patients.

Jan 3, 2022

Can probiotics slow cognitive decline?

Posted by in category: neuroscience

The authors of a review conclude that probiotics may improve cognitive function or lessen cognitive decline in adults but not children.

Jan 3, 2022

Elon Musk Thinks Every Child Should Learn About These 50 Cognitive Biases

Posted by in categories: education, Elon Musk, neuroscience

Would the world be more rational if we did as Musk recently suggested and taught kids about cognitive biases in school?

Jan 2, 2022

In Brain Waves, Scientists See Neurons Juggle Possible Futures

Posted by in categories: food, neuroscience

Decisions, decisions. All of us are constantly faced with conscious and unconscious choices. Not just about what to wear, what to eat or how to spend a weekend, but about which hand to use when picking up a pencil, or whether to shift our weight in a chair. To make even trivial decisions, our brains sift through a pile of “what ifs” and weigh the hypotheticals. Even for choices that seem automatic—jumping out of the way of a speeding car, for instance—the brain can very quickly extrapolate from past experiences to make predictions and guide behavior.

In a paper published in January 2020, in Cell, a team of researchers in California peered into the brains of rats on the cusp of making a decision and watched their neurons rapidly play out the competing choices available to them. The mechanism they described might underlie not just decision-making, but also animals’ ability to envision more abstract possibilities—something akin to imagination.

The group, led by the neuroscientist Loren Frank of the University of California, San Francisco, investigated the activity of cells in the hippocampus, the seahorse-shaped brain region known to play crucial roles both in navigation and in the storage and retrieval of memories. They gave extra attention to neurons called place cells, nicknamed “the brain’s GPS” because they mentally map an animal’s location as it moves through space.

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Jan 2, 2022

2021 in Review: Unsupervised Brain Models

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, robotics/AI

We’re in a golden age of merging AI and neuroscience. No longer tied to conventional publication venues with year-long turnaround times, our field is moving at record speed. As 2021 draws to a close, I wanted to take some time to zoom out and review a recent trend in neuro-AI, the move toward unsupervised learning to explain representations in different brain areasfootnote.

One of the most robust findings in neuro-AI is that artificial neural networks trained to perform ecologically relevant tasks match single neurons and ensemble signals in the brain. The canonical example is the ventral stream, where DNNs trained for object recognition on ImageNet match representations in IT (Khaligh-Razavi & Kriegeskorte, 2014, Yamins et al. 2014). Supervised, task-optimized networks link two important forms of explanation: ecological relevance and accounting for neural activity. They answer the teleological question: what is a brain region for?

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Jan 1, 2022

Alzheimer’s Risk Gene May Impair Neuroprotective Mechanism

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, education, genetics, neuroscience

Our bodies have some healing and regenerative capabilities. For most of us, cuts will mend, we’ll recover from mild infections, and at the cellular level, | Genetics And Genomics.

The leading scientific social networking website and producer of educational virtual events and webinars.

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Dec 30, 2021

Neuroscientists uncover a sensory “gateway” in the brain

Posted by in category: neuroscience

The anterior insular cortex requires more understanding in its role for human cognition and consciousness. But the next time you notice a cyclist who came out of nowhere or a dog that’s about to round the corner, you can thank your anterior insular cortex for it.

INVERSE is counting down the 20 science discoveries that made us say “WTF” in 2021. This is #2. Read the original story here.

Dec 30, 2021

Yale scientists restore cellular function in 32 dead pig brains

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

As a control, other brains received either a fake solution or no solution at all. None revived brain activity and deteriorated as normal.

The researchers hope the technology can enhance our ability to study the brain and its cellular functions. One of the main avenues of such studies would be brain disorders and diseases. This could point the way to developing new of treatments for the likes of brain injuries, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, and neurodegenerative conditions.

Dec 29, 2021

As we have long suspected: Evidence for Mycelial intelligence

Posted by in category: neuroscience

“The fungus in these experiments showed spatial recognition, memory and intelligence. It’s a conscious organism.”

(Clickable links at

Nicholas P Money is a professor of biology and Western programme director at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.

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Dec 29, 2021

The Original Inventor Of “Metaverse” On Technology, Life, And Books: Interview With Neal Stephenson

Posted by in categories: climatology, life extension, neuroscience, sustainability

Few individuals write about issues that impact human survival. Fewer still win multiple literary awards for writing science fiction novels. Hardly anyone joins a major corporation as chief futurist. Neal Stephenson can be credited for doing all three.

Writer, academician, video game designer and technology consultant are just some of the things Neal is famous for. He has authored historical epic novels ‘Cryptonomicon’ and ‘The Baroque Cycle;’ science fiction novels ‘The Diamond Age’ and ‘Anathem;’ contemporary thrillers ‘Zodiac’ and ‘REAMDE;’ and science fiction epic ‘Seveneves,’ among others.

His “Snow Crash” published in 1992 preceded ” The Matrix” series and introduced the concept of “The Metaverse”. Yes, Neal Stephenson coined the term. And his 1994 “Interface” preceded NeuraLink by over 20 years!

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