Archive for the ‘energy’ category: Page 7

Apr 13, 2024

New tidal stellar stream discovered with Gaia

Posted by in categories: energy, space

By analyzing the data from ESA’s Gaia satellite, Chinese astronomers have detected a new tidal stellar stream in the northern hemisphere, which has a low metallicity and a relatively high energy. The finding was reported in a research paper published April 1 in The Astrophysical Journal.

Apr 13, 2024

Quantum Control Unlocked: Creating Resistance-Free Electron Channels

Posted by in categories: energy, quantum physics

Unveiling Chiral Interface States

The chiral interface state is a conducting channel that allows electrons to travel in only one direction, preventing them from being scattered backward and causing energy-wasting electrical resistance. Researchers are working to better understand the properties of chiral interface states in real materials but visualizing their spatial characteristics has proved to be exceptionally difficult.

But now, for the first time, atomic-resolution images captured by a research team at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have directly visualized a chiral interface state. The researchers also demonstrated on-demand creation of these resistance-free conducting channels in a 2D insulator.

Apr 13, 2024

Researchers Develop Simple Way To Harvest More “Blue Energy” From Waves

Posted by in categories: energy, nanotechnology

As any surfer will tell you, waves pack a powerful punch. We’re now making strides toward harnessing the ocean’s relentless movements for energy, thanks to advancements in “blue energy” technology. In a study published in ACS Energy Letters, researchers discovered that by moving the electrode from the middle to the end of a liquid-filled tube—where the water’s impact is strongest—they significantly boosted the efficiency of wave energy collection.

The tube-shaped wave-energy harvesting device improved upon by the researchers is called a liquid-solid triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG). The TENG converts mechanical energy into electricity as water sloshes back and forth against the inside of the tube. One reason these devices aren’t yet practical for large-scale applications is their low energy output. Guozhang Dai, Kai Yin, Junliang Yan, and colleagues aimed to increase a liquid-solid TENG’s energy harvesting ability by optimizing the location of the energy-collecting electrode.

Apr 12, 2024

CATL unveils Tesla Megapack competitor, claims zero degradation and more capacity

Posted by in category: energy

CATL has unveiled Tener, a new large scale energy storage system to compete with Tesla Megapack.

The system has almost twice the energy capacity of the Megapack, and CATL claims zero degradation after 5 years.

Tesla Megapack is the poster boy of large-scale energy storage.

Continue reading “CATL unveils Tesla Megapack competitor, claims zero degradation and more capacity” »

Apr 11, 2024

Researchers develop paper battery that generates power from water, air

Posted by in category: energy

Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a paper-based Magnesium-air battery that is eco-friendly and powerful.

Apr 11, 2024

Efficiency boost: Dual light pulses minimize energy for phase transitions

Posted by in categories: energy, materials

Notably, while other scientists have observed similar phenomena in their laboratory data, the mechanisms behind these observations remained elusive until now. Allan Johnson and his collaborators have elucidated the underlying processes, highlighting the formation of polarons and their ordering in specific directions as a key factor in reducing the energy penalty to the metallic phase. Driving the phase transition by exciting this disordered state of motion can be achieved with less energy.

Furthermore, the dynamic barrier lowering means that scientists are able to selectively reduce the required for the laser driven phase transition without increasing the probability of thermal switching, in contrast to other methods for improving the efficiency.

The results have been published in Nature Physics. The implications of this research extend beyond fundamental science, offering new avenues for precise material control and technological innovation. As the team continues to optimize the method and explore new , the potential for transformative advancements in material science and optical control remains high.

Apr 11, 2024

Researchers find baby stars discharge plume-like ‘sneezes’ of magnetic flux during formation

Posted by in categories: energy, space

Kyushu University researchers have shed new light into a critical question on how baby stars develop. Using the ALMA radio telescope in Chile, the team found that in its infancy, the protostellar disk that surrounds a baby star discharges plumes of dust, gas, and electromagnetic energy.

These “sneezes,” as the researchers describe them, release the magnetic flux within the protostellar , and may be a vital part of star formation. Their findings were published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Stars, including our sun, all develop from what are called , large concentrations of gas and that eventually condense to form a stellar core, a baby star. During this process, gas and dust form a ring around the baby star called the protostellar disk.

Apr 10, 2024

Revolutionizing IoT Power: The Pyroelectrochemical Cell Solution

Posted by in categories: chemistry, energy, food, internet, physics

Can you wirelessly power wireless devices, thus improving and advancing the technology known an “Internet of Things” (IoT)? This is what a recent study published in Energy & Environmental Science hopes to address as a team of researchers from the University of Utah investigated how pyroelectrochemical cell (PECs) could be used to self-charge IoT devices through changes in immediate surrounding temperature, also known as ambient temperature. This study holds the potential to help a myriad of industries, including agriculture and machinery, by allowing IoT devices to charge without the need for electrical outlets.

“We’re talking very low levels of energy harvesting, but the ability to have sensors that can be distributed and not need to be recharged in the field is the main advantage,” said Dr. Roseanne Warren, who is an associate professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Utah and a co-author on the study. “We explored the basic physics of it and found that it could generate a charge with an increase in temperature or a decrease in temperature.”

Apr 10, 2024

Japan demonstrates levitation without using any external power

Posted by in categories: energy, quantum physics

The technology can also be used to devise a range of advanced sensors for everyday use and to advance science. Twamley’s lab uses levitating materials to build oscillators, which can be used to develop ultra-sensitive sensors. Making these oscillators work without using external energy sources can make them easier to deploy, and this is what the research team at OIST set out to do. What they faced was a series of challenges.

The device that OIST researchers aimed for was a ‘frictionless’ platform. However, the system would lose energy over time without an external power source. This is known as ‘eddy damping’ since external forces make an oscillating system lose energy.

The other hurdle to overcome would be minimizing the system’s kinetic energy. This is necessary since it can help improve the system’s sensitivity if it were to be used as a sensor. If the kinetic motion can be further cooled to the quantum realm, it could also open up possibilities of more precision measurements.

Apr 8, 2024

Propagating dimensions of light: Deforming versatile non-diffractive beams along the optical trajectory

Posted by in category: energy

The diffraction of light is a ubiquitous phenomenon in nature where waves spread out as they propagate. This spreading of light beams during propagation limits the efficient transmission of energy and information. Therefore, scientists have endeavored to suppress diffraction effects to better maintain the shape and direction of light beams.

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