Archive for the ‘neuroscience’ category: Page 6

Jul 11, 2021

Islands behind the horizon

Posted by in categories: cosmology, mathematics, neuroscience

Math about black holes:

If you’ve been following the arXiv, or keeping abreast of developments in high-energy theory more broadly, you may have noticed that the longstanding black hole information paradox seems to have entered a new phase, instigated by a pair of papers [1, 2] that appeared simultaneously in the summer of 2019. Over 200 subsequent papers have since appeared on the subject of “islands”—subleading saddles in the gravitational path integral that enable one to compute the Page curve, the signature of unitary black hole evaporation. Due to my skepticism towards certain aspects of these constructions (which I’ll come to below), my brain has largely rebelled against boarding this particular hype train. However, I was recently asked to explain them at the HET group seminar here at Nordita, which provided the opportunity (read: forced me) to prepare a general overview of what it’s all about. Given the wide interest and positive response to the talk, I’ve converted it into the present post to make it publicly available.

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Jul 11, 2021

How Jellyfish Work

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Jellyfish have no blood and no brains o.o…

Although jellyfish have been around for over 650 million years, they’re still very mysterious. Learn the all about the fascinating jellyfish life cycle.

Jul 10, 2021

Researchers discover new genetic driver of autism and other developmental disorders

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, neuroscience

Using CRISPR-Cas9, the researchers subsequently removed the one copy of the Ndn gene from the 15q dup mouse model to generate mice with a normalized genomic copy number for this gene (15q dupΔNdn mouse). Using this model, they demonstrated that the abnormalities observed in 15q dup mice (abnormal spine turnover rate and decreased inhibitory synaptic input) could be ameliorated.

A research group including Kobe University’s Professor TAKUMI Toru (also a Senior Visiting Scientist at RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research) and Assistant Professor TAMADA Kota, both of the Physiology Division in the Graduate School of Medicine, has revealed a causal gene (Necdin, NDN) in autism model mice that have the chromosomal abnormality called copy number variation.

The researchers hope to illuminate the NDN gene’s molecular mechanism in order to contribute towards the creation of new treatment strategies for developmental disorders including autism.

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Jul 10, 2021

In amazing leap, scientists map the feeling of touch into the brains of subjects with paralysis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, cyborgs, neuroscience

Cutting-edge technology enables people to “feel” with prosthetic limbs they move remotely with their brains.

Jul 10, 2021

Neural’s Mind Blowers: How quantum bird brains could give us superpowers

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, quantum physics

What if humans could exploit quantum mechanics to sense and measure the Earth’s magnetic field in real-time? If birds can do it, so can we. property= description.

Jul 10, 2021

DARPA program seeks to develop camera tech that mimics the human brain

Posted by in categories: computing, military, neuroscience

What the FENCE program hopes to do is to create event-based cameras that are more intelligent thanks to the use of brain-mimicking or neuromorphic circuits. What these do is to drastically reduce the amount of data that needs to be handled by disregarding irrelevant parts of the image. Instead of dealing with an entire scene, the event-based camera focuses only on the pixels that have changed.

DARPA has announced the start of the Fast Event-based Neuromorphic Camera and Electronics (FENCE) program, which is designed to make computer vision cameras more efficient by mimicking how the human brain processes information. Three teams of scientists led by Raytheon, BAE Systems, and Northrop Grumman, are tasked with developing an infrared (IR) camera system that needs to process less data, operates faster, and uses less power.

Modern imaging cameras are growing increasingly sophisticated, but they are also becoming victims of their own success. While state-of-the-art cameras can capture high-resolution images and track objects with great precision, they do so by processing large amounts of data, which takes time and power.

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Jul 9, 2021

The Tech Cold War’s ‘Most Complicated Machine’ That’s Out of China’s Reach

Posted by in categories: computing, neuroscience

ASML’s machine has effectively turned into a choke point in the supply chain for chips, which act as the brains of computers and other digital devices. The tool’s three-continent development and production — using expertise and parts from Japan, the United States and Germany — is also a reminder of just how global that supply chain is, providing a reality check for any country that wants to leap ahead in semiconductors by itself.

A $150 million chip-making tool from a Dutch company has become a lever in the U.S.-Chinese struggle. It also shows how entrenched the global supply chain is.

Jul 9, 2021

Dopamine Makes You Feel Good. Are You Getting Enough? Hack Your Dopamine. Naturally

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, neuroscience

Jul 8, 2021

Work Like a Dream: New Anticholinergic Drug Keeps PTSD Flashbacks and Nightmares Away

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

The researchers hypothesized that due to abnormal excitement of the Meynert basal ganglia, SB enters the brain and activates anticholinergic action to suppress abnormal acetylcholine secretion of acetylcholine-memory-related circuits centered on the Meynert basal ganglia, eliminating the flashbacks.

Fortunately, a group of Japanese researchers from the Sogo PTSD Institute, Medical Corporation Sogokai, Japan led by Dr. Masanobu Sogo appear to have made a breakthrough in PTSD treatment.

They have identified a drug called trihexyphenidyl, that can significantly reduce the flashbacks and nightmares experienced by patients with PTSD, according to a study published in Brain and Behavior.

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Jul 8, 2021

How a Series of Sleep Loss Impacts Mental and Physical Wellbeing

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health, neuroscience

A previous study led by Lee found losing just 16 minutes of sleep could impact job performance. Her previous findings also show that minor sleep loss can decrease daily mindfulness, which is a critical recourse for managing stress and maintaining healthy routines.

Summary: Three consecutive nights of sleep loss can have a negative impact on both mental and physical health. Sleep deprivation can lead to an increase in anger, frustration, and anxiety. Additionally, those who experienced sleep loss reported a change in physical wellbeing, including gastrointestinal and respiratory problems.

Source: USF

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