Archive for the ‘neuroscience’ category: Page 11

Mar 17, 2022

Neurons That Drive Competition and Social Behavior Within Groups Identified

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Summary: Neurons in the anterior cingulate store social rank information to inform upcoming decisions. The findings could shed new light on social deficits associated with ASD and schizophrenia.

Source: Mass General.

New research in mice has identified neurons in the brain that influence competitive interactions between individuals and that play a critical role in shaping the social behavior of groups.

Mar 17, 2022

Startup Builds Brain-Reading Helmet That Scans Your Brain in Infrared

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, wearables

US-based Kernel released a piece of wearable helmet tech called the Kernel Flow that uses near-infrared light to scan your brain with lasers.

Mar 17, 2022

See a stunning, life-like reconstruction of a Stone Age woman

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Her fur clothes were mixed with moose brains.

A full-body reconstruction of a Neolithic woman who lived 4,000 years ago is now on display at a museum in Sweden.

Mar 17, 2022

Ready, Set…Go! Brain Circuit That Triggers the Execution of Planned Movement Discovered

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Summary: Researchers have identified a neural circuit that helps suppress the execution of planned actions in response to specific cues.

Source: Max Planck Florida.

Planned movement is essential to our daily lives, and it often requires delayed execution. As children, we stood crouched and ready but waited for the shout of “GO!” before sprinting from the starting line. As adults, we wait until the traffic light turns green before making a turn. In both situations, the brain has planned our precise movements but suppresses their execution until a specific cue (e.g., the shout of “GO!” or the green light).

Mar 16, 2022

A talk by David Pearce for the Stepping into the Future conference 2022

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, evolution, health, neuroscience, transhumanism

Synopsis: No sentient being in the evolutionary history of life has enjoyed good health as defined by the World Health Organization. The founding constitution of the World Health Organization commits the international community to a daringly ambitious conception of health: “a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing”. Health as so conceived is inconsistent with evolution via natural selection. Lifelong good health is inconsistent with a Darwinian genome. Indeed, the vision of the World Health Organization evokes the World Transhumanist Association. Transhumanists aspire to a civilization of superhappiness, superlongevity and superintelligence; but even an architecture of mind based on information-sensitive gradients of bliss cannot yield complete well-being. Post-Darwinian life will be sublime, but “complete” well-being is posthuman – more akin to Buddhist nirvana. So the aim of this talk is twofold. First, I shall explore the therapeutic interventions needed to underwrite the WHO conception of good health for everyone – or rather, a recognisable approximation of lifelong good health. What genes, allelic combinations and metabolic pathways must be targeted to deliver a biohappiness revolution: life based entirely on gradients of well-being? How can we devise a more civilized signalling system for human and nonhuman animal life than gradients of mental and physical pain? Secondly, how can genome reformists shift the Overton window of political discourse in favour of hedonic uplift? How can prospective parents worldwide – and the World Health Organization – be encouraged to embrace genome reform? For only germline engineering can fix the problem of suffering and create a happy biosphere for all sentient beings.…id-pearce/

Mar 15, 2022

Mapping how the 100 billion cells in the brain all fit together is the brave new world of neuroscience

Posted by in categories: mapping, neuroscience

These steps are repeated for each cell type, creating a richer and more complete map of the brain with each run-through.

Working together to build a brain map

Continue reading “Mapping how the 100 billion cells in the brain all fit together is the brave new world of neuroscience” »

Mar 14, 2022

New window system allows for long-term studies of brain activity

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, engineering, neuroscience

Bilal Haider is studying how multiple areas of the brain work together for visual perception. This could help researchers understand if neural activity “traffic jams” underlie all kinds of visual impairments: from running a red light when visual attention is elsewhere, to shedding light on the autism-affected brain.

To do this kind of work, researchers need a reliable “map” of all the visual areas with specific coordinates for each unique brain. Drawing the map requires monitoring and recording data from an active, working brain, which usually means creating a window in the skull to watch blood flow activity.

Haider’s team has developed a better approach—a new kind of window that’s more stable and allows for longer-term studies. The assistant professor in the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory University explains how in a paper published in February in Scientific Reports.

Mar 14, 2022

MIT Researchers Create Incredible Neural Implants From Fibers

Posted by in categories: innovation, neuroscience

Mar 13, 2022

Neurons Are Fickle. Electric Fields Are More Reliable for Information

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Summary: Electric fields may represent information held in working memory, allowing the brain to overcome representational drift.

Source: MIT

A new study suggests that electric fields may represent information held in working memory, allowing the brain to overcome “representational drift,” or the inconsistent participation of individual neurons.

Mar 13, 2022

Open-Access Dataset of Macaque Brain Published

Posted by in categories: education, neuroscience

Researchers have released a new open-access data set recorded from the visual cortex of macaque monkeys during rest state.

Summary: Researchers have released a new open-access data set recorded from the visual cortex of macaque monkeys during resting state.

Source: KNAW

Continue reading “Open-Access Dataset of Macaque Brain Published” »

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