Archive for the ‘information science’ category

Aug 9, 2022

1.1 quintillion operations per second: US has world’s fastest supercomputer

Posted by in categories: information science, supercomputing

The US has retaken the top spot in the world supercomputer rankings with the exascale Frontier system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee.

The Frontier system’s score of 1.102 exaflop/s makes it “the most powerful supercomputer to ever exist” and “the first true exascale machine,” the Top 500 project said Monday in the announcement of its latest rankings. Exaflop/s (or exaflops) is short for 1 quintillion floating-point operations per second.

Frontier was more than twice as fast as a Japanese system that placed second in the rankings, which are based on the LINPACK benchmark that measures the “performance of a dedicated system for solving a dense system of linear equations.”

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Aug 8, 2022

Automated techniques could make it easier to develop AI

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

Machine-learning researchers make many decisions when designing new models. They decide how many layers to include in neural networks and what weights to give inputs at each node. The result of all this human decision-making is that complex models end up being “designed by intuition” rather than systematically, says Frank Hutter, head of the machine-learning lab at the University of Freiburg in Germany.

A growing field called automated machine learning, or autoML, aims to eliminate the guesswork. The idea is to have algorithms take over the decisions that researchers currently have to make when designing models. Ultimately, these techniques could make machine learning more accessible.

Aug 7, 2022

A New Method for Making Graphene has an Awesome Application: A Space Elevator!

Posted by in categories: information science, space travel

The material of the future could make an imaginative concept of the past real.

Brief history of the space elevator

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Aug 5, 2022

Saving the world one algorithm at a time | The Age of A.I.

Posted by in categories: education, existential risks, food, information science, robotics/AI

Many say that human beings have destroyed our planet. Because of this these people are endeavoring to save it through the help of artificial intelligence. Famine, animal extinction, and war may all be preventable one day with the help of technology.

The Age of A.I. is a 8 part documentary series hosted by Robert Downey Jr. covering the ways Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Neural Networks will change the world.

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Aug 5, 2022

Researchers discover major roadblock in alleviating network congestion

Posted by in categories: computing, information science, internet

When users want to send data over the internet faster than the network can handle, congestion can occur—the same way traffic congestion snarls the morning commute into a big city.

Computers and devices that transmit data over the internet break the data down into smaller packets and use a special algorithm to decide how fast to send those packets. These control algorithms seek to fully discover and utilize available network capacity while sharing it fairly with other users who may be sharing the same network. These algorithms try to minimize delay caused by data waiting in queues in the network.

Over the past decade, researchers in industry and academia have developed several algorithms that attempt to achieve high rates while controlling delays. Some of these, such as the BBR algorithm developed by Google, are now widely used by many websites and applications.

Aug 4, 2022

Single-Core CPU Cracked Post-Quantum Encryption Candidate Algorithm in Just an Hour

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, information science, quantum physics

It took researchers about 62 minutes to crack a late-stage Post-Quantum Encryption candidate algorithm using a single-core CPU.

Aug 4, 2022

New algorithm aces university math course questions

Posted by in categories: education, information science, mathematics, robotics/AI

Multivariable calculus, differential equations, linear algebra—topics that many MIT students can ace without breaking a sweat—have consistently stumped machine learning models. The best models have only been able to answer elementary or high school-level math questions, and they don’t always find the correct solutions.

Now, a multidisciplinary team of researchers from MIT and elsewhere, led by Iddo Drori, a lecturer in the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), has used a to solve university-level math problems in a few seconds at a human level.

The model also automatically explains solutions and rapidly generates new problems in university math subjects. When the researchers showed these machine-generated questions to , the students were unable to tell whether the questions were generated by an algorithm or a human.

Aug 3, 2022

Combat Environment Simulation Is Crucial for Future Conflicts

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

This post is also available in: he עברית (Hebrew)

Imagine knowing the future. Being able to predict what’s going to happen next. It feels that this concept is merely a dream, but in reality, this dream is underway. Modeling and simulation, data analytics, AI and machine learning, distributed systems, social dynamics and human behavior simulation are fast becoming the go-to tools, and their qualities could offer significant advantages for the battlespace of tomorrow.

According to, London-based technology provider Improbable has been working closely with the UK Ministry of Defense (MoD) since 2018 to explore the utility of synthetic environments (SEs) for tactical training and operational and strategic planning. At the core of this work is Skyral, a platform that supports an ecosystem of industry and academia enabling the fast construction of new SEs for almost any scenario using digital entities, algorithms, AI, historic and real-time data.

Aug 3, 2022

Seeing the light: Researchers develop new AI system using light to learn associatively

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

Researchers at Oxford University’s Department of Materials, working in collaboration with colleagues from Exeter and Munster, have developed an on-chip optical processor capable of detecting similarities in datasets up to 1,000 times faster than conventional machine learning algorithms running on electronic processors.

The new research published in Optica took its inspiration from Nobel Prize laureate Ivan Pavlov’s discovery of classical conditioning. In his experiments, Pavlov found that by providing another stimulus during feeding, such as the sound of a bell or metronome, his dogs began to link the two experiences and would salivate at the sound alone. The repeated associations of two unrelated events paired together could produce a learned response—a conditional reflex.

Co-first author Dr. James Tan You Sian, who did this work as part of his DPhil in the Department of Materials, University of Oxford, said, “Pavlovian associative learning is regarded as a basic form of learning that shapes the behavior of humans and animals—but adoption in AI systems is largely unheard of. Our research on Pavlovian learning in tandem with optical parallel processing demonstrates the exciting potential for a variety of AI tasks.”

Aug 2, 2022

Robot realized itself and learned to use its body for the first time | High Tech News

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, information science, media & arts, robotics/AI, space travel

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You are on the PRO Robots channel and today we present you with some high-tech news. The first robot with self-awareness, a new breakthrough in the creation of general artificial intelligence, evolving robots, a Japanese home for a space colony, an unexpected turn in the fate of XPENG Robotics and other news from the world of high technology in one issue! Let’s roll!

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