Archive for the ‘energy’ category: Page 3

Mar 24, 2024

New findings shed light on finding valuable ‘green’ metals

Posted by in categories: energy, sustainability

Research led by Macquarie University sheds new light on how concentrations of metals used in renewable energy technologies can be transported from deep within the Earth’s interior mantle by low temperature, carbon-rich melts.

Mar 24, 2024

Gravity Measurement Based on a Levitating Magnet

Posted by in categories: energy, mapping

A new gravimeter is compact and stable and can detect the daily solar and lunar gravitational oscillations that are responsible for the tides.

Gravity measurements can help with searches for oil and gas or with predictions of impending volcanic activity. Unfortunately, today’s gravimeters are bulky, lack stability, or require extreme cooling. Now researchers have demonstrated a design for a small, highly sensitive gravimeter that operates stably at room temperature [1]. The device uses a small, levitated magnet whose equilibrium height is a sensitive probe of the local gravitational field. The researchers expect the design to be useful in field studies, such as the mapping of the distribution of underground materials.

Several obstacles have impeded the development of compact gravimeters, says Pu Huang of Nanjing University in China. Room-temperature devices generally use small mechanical oscillators, which offer excellent accuracy. However, they are made from materials that exhibit aging effects, so these gravimeters can lose accuracy over time. Much higher stability can be achieved with superconducting devices, but these require cryogenic conditions and so consume lots of power and are hard to use outdoors.

Mar 23, 2024

Researcher invents light switch technology that could revolutionize home electrical systems: ‘Our solution prevents unnecessary use of energy’

Posted by in category: energy

A University of Alberta researcher may have just invented a feature that will make homes more affordable and energy-efficient.

Mar 23, 2024

Wireless EV charging gets the turbo treatment with breakthrough 100kW power transfer — making it as fast as a wired plug

Posted by in categories: energy, innovation

New research could spell the end of awkward, heavy cables.

Mar 22, 2024

Texas firm tops Tesla with innovative solar rooftop solution

Posted by in categories: energy, sustainability

Using LFP batteries, Yotta Energy has eliminated the need to install a separate battery pack and the extra wiring that it needs.

Mar 22, 2024

Energy Department goes all in on clean form of on-demand energy embraced by fossil fuel industry

Posted by in category: energy

Advances in oil and gas drilling have cut costs for a form of clean power that could help replace fossil fuels, according to the Department of Energy.

Now the agency is going all in on geothermal energy, which uses heat from deep within the Earth to produce largely pollution-free electricity.

Mar 22, 2024

Discovery Tests Theory on Cooling of White Dwarf Stars

Posted by in categories: energy, physics, space

Open any astronomy textbook to the section on white dwarf stars and you’ll likely learn that they are “dead stars” that continuously cool down over time. New research published in Nature is challenging this theory, with the University of Victoria (UVic) and its partners using data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite to reveal why a population of white dwarf stars stopped cooling for more than eight billion years.

“We discovered the classical picture of all white dwarfs being dead stars is incomplete,” says Simon Blouin, co-principal investigator and Canadian Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics National Fellow at UVic.

“For these white dwarfs to stop cooling, they must have some way of generating extra energy. We weren’t sure how this was happening, but now we have an explanation for the phenomenon.”

Mar 22, 2024

Princeton Scientists Discover Exotic Quantum Interference Effect in a Topological Insulator Device

Posted by in categories: energy, engineering, quantum physics

In a novel experiment, physicists have observed long-range quantum coherence effects due to Aharonov-Bohm interference in a topological insulator-based device. This finding opens up a new realm of possibilities for the future development of topological quantum physics and engineering. This finding could also affect the development of spin-based electronics, which may potentially replace some current electronic systems for higher energy efficiency and may provide new platforms to explore quantum information science.

The research, published in Nature Physics, is the culmination of more than 15 years of work at Princeton. It came about when Princeton scientists developed a quantum device — called a bismuth bromide (α-Bi4Br4) topological insulator — only a few nanometers thick and used it to investigate quantum coherence.

Scientists have used topological insulators to demonstrate novel quantum effects for more than a decade. The Princeton team developed their bismuth-based insulator in a previous experiment where they demonstrated its effectiveness at room temperature. But this new experiment is the first time these effects have been observed with a very long-range quantum coherence and at a relatively high temperature. Inducing and observing coherent quantum states typically requires temperatures near absolute zero on artificially designed semiconducting materials only in the presence of strong magnetic fields.

Mar 21, 2024

Revolutionary tech company transforms home energy storage with simple, modular method — here’s how it works

Posted by in categories: business, energy

Anyone considering a rooftop solar system will have a lot to like about Texas-based Yotta Energy’s innovation.

Interestingly, it’s what the setup doesn’t include that could be most game-changing for the small-and medium-sized businesses targeted by the company, per a CleanTechnica report.

Continue reading “Revolutionary tech company transforms home energy storage with simple, modular method — here’s how it works” »

Mar 21, 2024

‘Dual-ligand’ strategy helps to achieve perfect asymmetric kinetic resolution polymerization

Posted by in categories: chemistry, energy

Studies on the synthesis and application of chiral materials has important scientific significance and market value. However, the design, synthesis and application of chiral materials are still in their infancy, and relevant research is limited to natural chiral polymer materials and very few artificial synthetic chiral materials.

In response to the key problems of synthesis, characterization, and mechanism research in the field of chiral materials, researchers from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have proposed a novel concept of “asymmetric kinetic resolution polymerization” (AKRP), which provides a new method for the efficient synthesis, direct characterization of chiral polymer materials, and a new approach for studying the reaction mechanism of asymmetric polymerization.

The challenge in achieving AKRP is the design and of highly enantioselective catalysts. To solve this problem, the researchers proposed the “dual-ligand” strategy for the first time, enabling the highly enantioselective chiral (BisSalen)Al catalysts. The research is published in Journal of the American Chemical Society.

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