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Archive for the ‘ethics’ category: Page 3

Apr 10, 2022

Artificial intelligence is already upending geopolitics

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, ethics, law, nanotechnology, robotics/AI, security

The TechCrunch Global Affairs Project examines the increasingly intertwined relationship between the tech sector and global politics.

Geopolitical actors have always used technology to further their goals. Unlike other technologies, artificial intelligence (AI) is far more than a mere tool. We do not want to anthropomorphize AI or suggest that it has intentions of its own. It is not — yet — a moral agent. But it is fast becoming a primary determinant of our collective destiny. We believe that because of AI’s unique characteristics — and its impact on other fields, from biotechnologies to nanotechnologies — it is already threatening the foundations of global peace and security.

The rapid rate of AI technological development, paired with the breadth of new applications (the global AI market size is expected to grow more than ninefold from 2020 to 2028) means AI systems are being widely deployed without sufficient legal oversight or full consideration of their ethical impacts. This gap, often referred to as the pacing problem, has left legislatures and executive branches simply unable to cope.

Apr 5, 2022

Could Artificial Intelligence ever Surpass Humans?

Posted by in categories: ethics, information science, robotics/AI

The battle between artificial intelligence and human intelligence has been going on for a while not and AI is clearly coming very close to beating humans in many areas as of now. Partially due to improvements in neural network hardware and also improvements in machine learning algorithms. This video goes over whether and how humans could soon be surpassed by artificial general intelligence.

TIMESTAMPS:
00:00 Is AGI actually possible?
01:11 What is Artificial General Intelligence?
03:34 What are the problems with AGI?
05:43 The Ethics behind Artificial Intelligence.
08:03 Last Words.

#ai #agi #robots

Apr 4, 2022

Fmr. Marine Elliot Ackerman: Ukraine Has a Three-to-One Advantage | Amanpour and Company

Posted by in category: ethics

Elliot Ackerman is following the crisis in Ukraine closely. The author and former U.S. marine served five tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan and has just spent two weeks in Kyiv. Ackerman joins Walter Isaacson to discuss Russia’s new tactics and the role of moral resolve in war.

Originally aired on March 30, 2022

Continue reading “Fmr. Marine Elliot Ackerman: Ukraine Has a Three-to-One Advantage | Amanpour and Company” »

Apr 3, 2022

What Code Of Ethics Must Robots Follow

Posted by in categories: ethics, robotics/AI

Hello 👋 guys check out our newest video.

#(What)

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Mar 31, 2022

Researchers’ novel tool to help develop safer pesticides

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry, computing, economics, ethics, health

The majority of commercial chemicals that enter the market in the United States every year have insufficient health and safety data. For pesticides, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency uses a variety of techniques to fill data gaps in order to evaluate chemical hazard, exposure and risk. Nonetheless, public concern over the potential threat that these chemicals pose has grown in recent years, along with the realization that traditional animal-testing methods are not pragmatic by means of speed, economics or ethics. Now, researchers at the George Washington University have developed a new computational approach to rapidly screen pesticides for safety, performance and how long they will endure in the environment. Moreover, and most importantly, the new approach will aid in the design of next-generation molecules to develop safer pesticides.

“In many ways, our tool mimics computational drug discovery, in which vast libraries of chemical compounds are screened for their efficacy and then tweaked to make them even more potent against specific therapeutic targets,” Jakub Kostal, an assistant professor of chemistry at GW and principal investigator on the project, said. “Similarly, we use our systems-based approach to modify to make them less toxic and more degradable, while, at the same time, making sure they retain good performance. It’s a powerful tool for both industry and that can help design new, safer analogs of existing commercial agrochemicals, and so protect human life, the environment and industry’s bottom line.”

Using their model, the team analyzed 700 pesticides from the EPA’s pesticide registry. The model considered a pesticide’s likely persistence or degradation in the environment over time, its safety, and how well it performed at killing, repelling or controlling the target problem.

Mar 22, 2022

Can a U.S.-Led World Order Survive After Ukraine? | Amanpour and Company

Posted by in category: ethics

Putin’s war on Ukraine grinds on, into its fourth week. Civilian casualties are mounting, families have been ripped apart, and vast areas are destroyed. President Zelensky says Putin has turned his country’s sky into a source of death. But whether Putin wins or loses, it’s clear there’s no returning to the status quo ante. What will emerge from this crisis in the center of Europe? The fate of democracy is at stake. What can a new world order look like? Scholar and author Francis Fukuyama joins the show to discuss whether the U.S.-led world order can survive — and whether America has the moral authority and the will to lead.

Originally aired on March 18, 2022

Continue reading “Can a U.S.-Led World Order Survive After Ukraine? | Amanpour and Company” »

Feb 24, 2022

AI Ethics Grapples With Societal AI Wish Fulfillment, Including The Dreamy Case Of Those Idolized AI-Based Self-Driving Cars

Posted by in categories: ethics, robotics/AI, transportation

Feb 23, 2022

Reflections on the ethics of genetic enhancement

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, education, ethics, genetics, policy

Public policy includes efforts by governmental as well as nongovernmental agencies (other than professional associations) to manage genetic enhancement. For example, the International Olympic Committee has a policy on performance-enhancing drugs in sport. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration classified synthetic anabolic steroids as a restricted class of drugs, making it more difficult to get access to them. Such measures will not always be successful. Epoetin alfa (EPO) is a useful medication for the many people who suffer from chronic anemia, including people who must undergo regular renal dialysis. As a consequence, it is in very wide supply for legitimate therapeutic purposes, unlike the synthetic anabolic steroids. Imposing strict limitations on access to EPO would create an enormous inconvenience for the large number of people who benefit from the drug. The fact that some athletes are able to get their hands on EPO is an unintended consequence of having the drug widely available for legitimate therapeutic uses. The appropriate public policy will not be the same, necessarily, for every drug.

By “personal policy” we mean the moral understandings and social practices of individuals, parents, and families, including those moral convictions that would cause them to refrain from unwise or unfair use of genetic enhancement technologies. The Worth of a Child, for example, focuses on ethical issues involving children and parents.11 How does one engage that sort of personal policy response? The means we have are limited but powerful: education, public dialogue, and the encouragement of ethical reflection.

In conclusion, there are four points worth reiterating. First, as we think about genetic enhancement, we should use a broad definition of genetic-enhancement technologies, not merely gene manipulation, but indirect genetic technologies, such as biosynthetic drugs. Second, we should try to anticipate the enhancement temptations of new therapies. Such anticipation may help us in shaping the marketing, availability, or other aspects of those technologies. Third, we should promote the adoption of appropriate public and professional policies. Finally, we should provide public education and dialogue to encourage personal ethical reflection on the appropriate uses and limits of genetic-enhancement technologies.

Feb 20, 2022

Pushing The Boundaries Of AI Ethics Into The Topsy-Turvy World Of Radical Ethical AI, Potentially Exemplified Via The Use Case Of Vaunted AI-Based Self-Driving Cars

Posted by in categories: ethics, robotics/AI, transportation

The rising visibility of Ethical AI or AI Ethics is doing great good, meanwhile some believe it isn’t enough and a semblance of embracing Radical Ethical AI is appearing. This is closely examined, including for AI-based self-driving cars.

Has the prevailing tenor and attention of today’s widely emerging semblance of AI Ethics gotten into a veritable rut? Some seem to decidedly think so.

Let’s unpack this. You might generally be aware that there has been a rising tide of interest in the ethical ramifications of AI. This is often referred to as either AI Ethics or Ethical AI, which we’ll consider herein those two monikers as predominantly equivalent and interchangeable (I suppose some might quibble about that assumption, but I’d like to suggest that we not get distracted by the potential differences, if any, for the purposes of this discussion).

Continue reading “Pushing The Boundaries Of AI Ethics Into The Topsy-Turvy World Of Radical Ethical AI, Potentially Exemplified Via The Use Case Of Vaunted AI-Based Self-Driving Cars” »

Feb 18, 2022

The Ethics of Research on Conscious Artificial Brains

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, ethics

Summary: A new ethical framework proposes researchers should already assume brain organoids already have consciousness, rather than waiting for research to confirm they do.

Source: Kyoto University.

One way that scientists are studying how the human body grows and ages is by creating artificial organs in the laboratory. The most popular of these organs is currently the organoid, a miniaturized organ made from stem cells. Organoids have been used to model a variety of organs, but brain organoids are the most clouded by controversy.

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