Archive for the ‘energy’ category: Page 30

Feb 27, 2023

BMW launches demonstration fleet of hydrogen cars that use fuel cells from Toyota

Posted by in categories: business, energy, transportation

The BMW Group on Monday launched a pilot fleet of hydrogen vehicles, with the German automotive giant’s CEO referring to hydrogen as “the missing piece in the jigsaw when it comes to emission-free mobility.”

The BMW iX5 Hydrogen, which uses fuel cells sourced from Toyota and has a top speed of more than 112 miles per hour, is being put together at a facility in Munich.

Described by the International Energy Agency as a “versatile energy carrier,” hydrogen has a variety of applications and can be deployed in sectors such as industry and transport.

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Feb 27, 2023

Quantum Mechanics Helps Physicists Pull Energy Out of Thin Air as Evident in Two Separate Experiments

Posted by in categories: energy, quantum physics

A shelved theory seems to have given new life to energy teleportation, a concept that pulls energy from one location to another. The notion might sound like science fiction, but some scientists demonstrated that it is possible to generate energy out of thin air.

According to The Space Academy, scientists were able to extract energy and filled a vacuum through two separate experiments. It has indeed opened a fresh world of quantum energy physics.

Feb 27, 2023

Theory sorts order from chaos in complex quantum systems

Posted by in categories: energy, quantum physics

Classical chaos – or the butterfly effect – produces fractal patterns like the one shown. Classical chaos’s cousin – quantum information scrambling – encompasses even more exotic mechanisms such as quasiparticles hopping between molecules, which can dissipate energy.

Feb 24, 2023

Scientists Defy Physics, Basically Pull Energy Out of Thin Air

Posted by in categories: energy, physics

That’s not supposed to happen.

Feb 24, 2023

Physicists give the first law of thermodynamics a makeover

Posted by in categories: energy, physics, space

West Virginia University physicists have made a breakthrough on an age-old limitation of the first law of thermodynamics.

Paul Cassak, professor and associate director of the Center for KINETIC Plasma Physics, and graduate research assistant Hasan Barbhuiya, both in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, are studying how energy gets converted in superheated plasmas in .

Their findings, published in Physical Review Letters, will revamp scientists’ understanding of how plasmas in space and laboratories get heated up, and may have a wide variety of further applications across and other sciences.

Feb 22, 2023

3D printed smart contact lenses for augmented reality in-eye navigation demonstrated

Posted by in categories: 3D printing, augmented reality, energy

Researchers from the Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI) and the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) have created “core technology” for 3D printed smart contact lenses building on low-power monochrome displays and demonstrated its functionalities for augmented reality tools such as live navigation. The team’s research has been published in Advanced Science.

“Our achievement is a development of 3D printing technology that can print functional micro-patterns on a non-(planar) substrate that can commercialize advanced smart contact lenses to implement AR (Augmented Reality),” said Seol Seung-Kwon, Ph.D., of the team’s work. “It will greatly contribute to the miniaturization and versatility of AR devices.”

Feb 22, 2023

‘Metasurfaces’ could spark next generation of significantly thinner and cheaper flat screens

Posted by in categories: energy, nanotechnology

Researchers have developed a proof of concept technology that could pave the way for next-generation displays beyond current LCDs and LEDs, enabling screens and electronic devices to become thinner, offer higher resolution and be much more energy efficient.

A team at Nottingham Trent University, the Australian National University and the University of New South Wales Canberra in Australia has engineered electrically tunable arrays of nanoparticles called “metasurfaces,” which can offer significant benefits over current liquid crystal displays.

Today’s display market offers a large range of choices, each with its pros and cons. However factors including production costs, lifespan and energy consumption have kept liquid crystal technology the most dominant and popular technology for screens such as TV sets and monitors.

Feb 21, 2023

This startup uses grass to build energy-efficient building panels

Posted by in categories: energy, sustainability

This innovative startup is revolutionizing architecture — with building panels made out of fastest-growing perennial grass on Earth.

With housing shortages in need of quick fixes, the manufacturing industry is facing a conundrum: how to source materials and build structures while cutting down on emissions. The answer lies with sustainable construction — not only could it help reduce our environmental impact, but it also keeps costs low during implementation.

Recently, a new startup named Plantd achieved a milestone of building ultra-strong building panels out of the fastest-growing perennial grass on Earth — the best sustainable alternative to construction.

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Feb 20, 2023

Stretching-insensitive stretchable and biocompatible triboelectric nanogenerators

Posted by in categories: energy, engineering, nanotechnology, wearables

Professor Juhyuk Lee of the Department of Energy Engineering has developed an elastic triboelectric generator that can be used in the daily lives of frequent movers. The cause of the output reduction of the elastic triboelectric sensor was identified during joint research with Professor Joohun Lee of Hanyang University’s (ERICA campus) Department of Bio-Nanotechnology. Additionally, the professor used graphene to develop a touch sensor with stable output and expand the application of the triboelectric generator. The study is published in the journal Nano Energy.

Along with the rapid growth of various biosensors and due to the continuous development of semiconductors and small electronic components, there has been a growing interest in triboelectric generators for use as sensors or . To use the triboelectric generator in a wearable device, the material that comes into contact with the body must be safe, and the output must be constant despite any deformations caused by movement.

However, the output of conventional elastic triboelectric generators is affected by its change in form. The reason for this relationship was not clearly understood. Similar to previously existing products, there are limitations to precise detection if the output changes along with the change in form, such as stretching.

Feb 20, 2023

Facile and scalable production of a fuel-cell nanocatalyst for the hydrogen economy

Posted by in categories: economics, energy, nanotechnology, transportation

A fuel cell is an electric power generator that is capable of producing electricity from hydrogen gas while discharging only water as a waste product. It is hoped that this highly efficient clean energy system will play a key role in the adoption of the hydrogen economy, replacing the combustion engines and batteries in automobiles and trucks, as well as power plants.

However, the cost of platinum, which can be up to ~30,000 USD per kg, has been a major limitation, making catalysts prohibitively expensive. The production methods of highly-performing catalysts have also been complicated and largely limited. Accordingly, the development of a facile and scalable production method for platinum-based fuel cell catalysts is an urgent challenge, together with enhancing catalytic performance and stability while using a minimum amount of platinum.

To tackle this issue, a research team led by Prof. Sung Yung-Eun and Prof. Hyeon Taeghwan at the Center for Nanoparticle Research (CNR) within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea has discovered a novel method for the production of nanocatalysts.

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