Archive for the ‘law’ category: Page 6

Dec 2, 2021

The Movement to Hold AI Accountable Gains More Steam

Posted by in categories: information science, law, robotics/AI

A New York City law requires algorithms used in hiring to be “audited” for bias. It’s the first in the US—and part of a larger push toward regulation.

Nov 21, 2021

Octopuses, crabs and lobsters to be recognised as sentient beings under UK law following LSE report findings

Posted by in categories: government, law

Octopuses, crabs and lobsters will receive greater welfare protection in UK law following an LSE report which demonstrates that there is strong scientific evidence that these animals have the capacity to experience pain, distress or harm.

The UK government has today confirmed that that the scope of the Animal Welfare (Sentience) Bill will be extended to all decapod crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs.

This move follows the findings of a government-commissioned independent review led by Dr Jonathan Birch. The review drew on over 300 existing scientific studies to evaluate evidence of sentience in cephalopods (including octopuses, squid and cuttlefish) and decapods (including crabs, lobsters and crayfish).

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Nov 20, 2021

Calls grow for US to bolster defense against asteroid threat

Posted by in categories: asteroid/comet impacts, existential risks, government, law

Experts are sounding the alarm about the threat of asteroids to life on Earth — and warning that the United States does not have a clear plan to prevent catastrophe.

Though NASA says the odds are literally one in a millennium, no US agency is explicitly responsible if space rocks are headed our way.

“No one is tasked with mitigation,” former Air Force space strategist Peter Garretson, an expert in planetary defense told Politico. “Congress did put in law that the White House identify who should be responsible, but fully four subsequent administrations so far have blown off their request.”

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Nov 19, 2021

Why is No One Talking About “Informed Consent?”

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, government, law

Informed consent not something we hear a lot about these days, which is kind of odd, given all the drugs our government currently insists that we take and how often those very same legal concepts are invoked for aboriginal rights and sexual assault cases.

“Informed consent” is a well understood legal doctrine in healthcare, requiring the healthcare provider (traditionally a doctor) to educate patients about the risks, benefits, and alternatives of any given recommended procedure or intervention, allowing the patient to make informed and “voluntary” decisions about whether to undergo the procedure.

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Nov 10, 2021

NASA update: What Blue Origin’s lawsuit means for crewed Artemis Moon missions

Posted by in categories: law, space travel

NASA might be going to the Moon a bit later.

NASA wants to send humans back to the Moon as part of the Artemis program, but Blue Origin’s legal action has pushed the launch back further.

Nov 6, 2021

Elon Musk proposes selling 10% of his Tesla stock in a Twitter poll

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, law, sustainability, transportation

Billionaire Elon Musk on Saturday asked his Twitter followers to decide whether he should sell 10% of his Tesla stock, promising to “abide by the results of this poll, whichever way it goes.”

“Much is made lately of unrealized gains being a means of tax avoidance, so I propose selling 10% of my Tesla stock,” the electric car maker’s CEO said. He did not directly specify where that 10% would go.

This isn’t the first time Musk has taken aim at proposals in Washington that would tax billionaires’ net worth gains. Under current US tax law, assets like stocks are taxed only when they’re sold — what’s called a capital gain. But the richest of the rich in America probably aren’t selling off their massive stock portfolios; instead, their main form of income is the value that those assets accrue, or unrealized gains.

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Nov 6, 2021

“The General Index”: New tool allows you to search 107 million research papers for free

Posted by in categories: computing, law, open access

A new database aims to make it easier than ever to access and search through the world’s massive trove of research papers.

Each year, millions of scientific and academic papers get published across thousands of journals. The majority of those papers lie behind paywalls, costing $9 to $30 (or more) to read. Finding them can be difficult: Tools like Google Scholar allow you to search for paper titles and keywords, but more specialized queries are difficult.

The General Index was designed to reduce those obstacles without breaking the law. Developed by the technologist Carl Malamud and his nonprofit foundation Public Resource, the free-to-use index contains words and phrases from more than 107 million research papers, comprising 8.5 terabytes when compressed.

Nov 5, 2021

Bezos’ Blue Origin Loses Lawsuit Against NASA Over Lucrative Lunar Lander Contract Awarded To Musk’s SpaceX

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, law, space travel

Jeff Bezos’ space company Blue Origin has lost a lawsuit against NASA it filed over the agency’s decision to award a $2.9 billion contract to Elon Musk’s rocket company SpaceX to build a lunar lander to transport astronauts to the Moon, according to a federal court ruling Thursday.

The lucrative contract was given to SpaceX in April as part of NASA’s Artemis program that aims to fly the first woman and first person of color on the Moon by 2024. SpaceX was selected to develop… See more.

Federal judge Richard A. Hertling ruled in favor of SpaceX, concluding a sealed complaint Blue Origin filed in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims in August, and said a protective order to seal documents in the lawsuit would remain in effect.

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Nov 4, 2021

Samsung’s Unbelievable New Brain Chip — Neuromorphic Computing

Posted by in categories: law, robotics/AI

Samsung’s next big product according to them seems to be a revolutionary neuromorphic computing chip which is attempting to enable Artificial Intelligence models to become as smart as humans. The top leading AI scientists are expecting for AI models to outpace the rate of moores law which means we’ll need to design new kinds of processors and computer chips beyond silicon. That’s where Samsung’s Brain of a Chip approach is supposed to help. It would be a chip that mimics the brain in terms of performance and power consumption which is called Neuromorphic chip design or computing and is believed to be the future of Artificial Intelligence.

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00:00 Samsung’s new Path forward for AI
01:10 The History of AI-Hardware.
02:01 What are Neuromorphic Processors?
04:25 What could this enable?
06:40 So what’s the future of AI Computing?
09:06 Last Words.

#samsung #ai #chip

Nov 4, 2021

Criminal AI

Posted by in categories: law, robotics/AI

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