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Dec 31, 2022

The Four Fastest Growing And Most Rapidly Spreading Skill Sets In The Job Market

Posted by in categories: business, education, robotics/AI

Who knows what impact the chatbot will ultimately have. But a new report from Burning Glass Institute done in partnership with Business-Higher Education Forum and Wiley shows that artificial intelligence and machine learning skills are not only among the fastest growing and widest spreading skill sets across industries in the job market—but having them can mean workers get paid more, rather than less in their jobs.

“The notion that automation is this lurking menace on the horizon is something we should rethink,” says Matt Sigelman, president of the labor market research nonprofit Burning Glass Institute. “We’re seeing that people whose work involves leveraging automation skills get paid significantly more than those who don’t.”

Dec 30, 2022

How Connecting our Brains to Computers Will Create a New Kind of Human | ENDEVR Documentary

Posted by in categories: business, economics, education, robotics/AI

How Connecting our Brains to Computers Can Create a New Kind of Human | Artificial Intelligence | Investigative Documentary from 2019.

The symbiosis of the brain and artificial intelligence will give rise to a new humanity, a kind of “super-humanity”. Brain-machine communication will allow that the cognitive capabilities of the human being will enhance, giving rise to the first augmented humans. Connecting brains will be done, and we’ll have powerful synthetic telepathy technologies. It’ll be possible not only to read other person’s thoughts but also manipulate them. Neurotechnologies are about to cause a radical social shift that will change the concepts of the inner self and the very reality. Neurorights will be key points, as it will be mandatory to regulate the privacy of our conscious or even subconscious thoughts.
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ENDEVR explains the world we live in through high-class documentaries, special investigations, explainers videos and animations. We cover topics related to business, economics, geopolitics, social issues and everything in between that we think are interesting.

Dec 30, 2022

If Brains are Computers, Who Designs the Software? — with Daniel Dennett

Posted by in categories: computing, education, neuroscience

Cognitive science sees the brain as a sort of computer, but how does education redesign these cerebral computers? Cognitive scientist, philosopher, and expert on consciousness Daniel Dennett explains.
Watch the Q&A: https://youtu.be/0GJa0xKKSOU
Subscribe for regular science videos: http://bit.ly/RiSubscRibe.

Buy Daniel Dennet’s most recent book “From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds” — https://geni.us/4pTW46

Continue reading “If Brains are Computers, Who Designs the Software? — with Daniel Dennett” »

Dec 30, 2022

Albert Einstein and the Barriers of Mental Disorders

Posted by in categories: education, neuroscience

Junior Division.

Individual Documentary.

Continue reading “Albert Einstein and the Barriers of Mental Disorders” »

Dec 30, 2022

Graph lesion-deficit mapping of fluid intelligence

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, education, life extension, neuroscience

Fluid intelligence refers to the ability to solve challenging novel problems when prior learning or accumulated experience are of limited use. 1 Fluid intelligence ranks amongst the most important features of cognition, correlates with many cognitive abilities (e.g. memory), 2 and predicts educational and professional success, 3 social mobility, 4 health 5 and longevity. 6 It is thought to be a key mental capacity involved in ‘active thinking’, 7 fluid intelligence declines dramatically in various types of dementia 8 and reflects the degree of executive impairment in older patients with frontal involvement. 9 Despite the importance of fluid intelligence in defining human behaviour, it remains contentious whether this is a single or a cluster of cognitive abilities and the nature of its relationship with the brain. 10

Fluid intelligence is traditionally measured with tests of novel problem-solving with non-verbal material that minimize dependence on prior knowledge. Such tests are known to have strong fluid intelligence correlations in large-scale factor analyses. 11, 12 Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices 13 (APM), a test widely adopted in clinical practice and research, 14 contains multiple choice visual analogy problems of increasing difficulty. Each problem presents an incomplete matrix of geometric figures with a multiple choice of options for the missing figure. Less commonly, verbal tests of fluid intelligence such as Part 1 of the Alice Heim 4 (AH4-1) 15 are adopted. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) 16 has also been used to estimate fluid intelligence by averaging performance on a diverse range of subtests. However, several subtests (e.g. vocabulary) emphasize knowledge, disproportionately weighting measures of ‘crystallized’ intelligence, 17, 18 whilst others (e.g. picture completion) have rather low fluid intelligence correlations. 19 Hence, it has been argued that tests such as the APM are the most suitable for a theoretically-based investigation of changes in fluid intelligence after brain injury. 20, 21

Proposals regarding the neural substrates of fluid intelligence have suggested close links with frontal and parietal functions. For example, Duncan and colleagues 22 have argued that a network of mainly frontal and parietal areas, termed the ‘multiple-demand network’ (MD), is ‘the seat’ of fluid intelligence. The highly influential parieto-frontal integration theory (P-FIT), based largely on neuroimaging studies of healthy subjects, posits that structural symbolism and abstraction emerge from sensory inputs to parietal cortex, with hypothesis generation and problem solving arising from interactions with frontal cortex. Once the best solution is identified, the anterior cingulate is engaged in response selection and inhibition of alternatives. 23, 24 Despite its name, P-FIT also posits occipital and temporal involvement, implying widely distributed substrates of fluid intelligence.

Continue reading “Graph lesion-deficit mapping of fluid intelligence” »

Dec 29, 2022

Mental Health Meets Psychedelics | Burton Tabaac | TEDxUCLA

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, education, neuroscience

NOTE FROM TED: Please do not look to this talk for mental health advice. This talk represents the speaker’s personal views and interpretation of psychedelics and mental health, which remains an emerging field of study. We’ve flagged this talk because it falls outside the content guidelines TED gives TEDx organizers. TEDx events are independently organized by volunteers. The guidelines we give TEDx organizers are described in more detail here: http://storage.ted.com/tedx/manuals/tedx_content_guidelines.pdf.

Psychedelics as medicine to treat mental health disease has had a recent resurgence of attention and dedicated research, with encouraging results. Could this class of drugs serve as a paradigm shift in the way mindfulness therapy and mental health is approached? Compounds like LSD, DMT, psilocybin, and MDMA are investigated as treatments for states of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and addiction. Listeners are challenged to question their preconceived notions and judgements as it pertains to this group of restricted therapeutics in the psychedelic class. Burton J. Tabaac, MD FAHA

Continue reading “Mental Health Meets Psychedelics | Burton Tabaac | TEDxUCLA” »

Dec 29, 2022

From Humans to Cyborgs — How Humanity Could be Transformed through Technology | ENDEVR Documentary

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, business, cyborgs, economics, education, robotics/AI

How Humanity Could be Transformed through Technology | Technology Documentary.

Watch ‘How Biotechnology Is Changing the World’ here: https://youtu.be/lFcF4DsuC9A

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Dec 28, 2022

Brain area necessary for fluid intelligence identified

Posted by in categories: education, life extension, neuroscience

A team led by UCL and UCLH researchers have mapped the parts of the brain that support our ability to solve problems without prior experience—otherwise known as fluid intelligence.

Fluid intelligence is arguably the defining feature of human cognition. It predicts educational and professional success, social mobility, health, and longevity. It also correlates with many such as memory.

Fluid intelligence is thought to be a key feature involved in “active thinking”—a set of complex mental processes such as those involved in abstraction, judgment, attention, strategy generation and inhibition. These skills can all be used in everyday activities—from organizing a dinner party to filling out a tax return.

Dec 27, 2022

Brain Synchrony in Competition and Collaboration During Multiuser Neurofeedback-Based Gaming

Posted by in categories: education, media & arts, neuroscience

EEG hyperscanning during multiuser gaming offers opportunities to study brain characteristics of social interaction under various paradigms. In this study, we aimed to characterize neural signatures and phase-based functional connectivity patterns of gaming strategies during collaborative and competitive alpha neurofeedback games. Twenty pairs of participants with no close relationship took part in three sessions of collaborative or competitive multiuser neurofeedback (NF), with identical graphical user interface, using Relative Alpha (RA) power as a control signal. Collaborating dyads had to keep their RA within 5% of each other for the team to be awarded a point, while members of competitive dyads scored points if their RA was 10% above their opponent’s. Interbrain synchrony existed only during gaming but not during baseline in either collaborative or competitive gaming. Spectral analysis and interbrain connectivity showed that in collaborative gaming, players with higher resting state alpha content were more active in regulating their RA to match those of their partner. Moreover, interconnectivity was the strongest between homologous brain structures of the dyad in theta and alpha bands, indicating a similar degree of planning and social exchange. Competitive gaming emphasized the difference between participants who were able to relax and, in this way, maintain RA, and those who had an unsuccessful approach. Analysis of interbrain connections shows engagement of frontal areas in losers, but not in winners, indicating the formers’ attempt to mentalise and apply strategies that might be suitable for conventional gaming, but inappropriate for the alpha neurofeedback-based game. We show that in gaming based on multiplayer non-verbalized NF, the winning strategy is dependent on the rules of the game and on the behavior of the opponent. Mental strategies that characterize successful gaming in the physical world might not be adequate for NF-based gaming.

Humans are social creatures whose behavior and consciousness are heavily shaped by their environment. Hence, it is natural that hyperscanning, a technique which involves simultaneous recording of physiological activity from more than one subject, is used to deepen our understanding of human interaction. In recent years, hyperscanning has been applied to brain activity to shed light on the neurophysiological representation of various types of interpersonal communication. These range from verbal interaction (Pérez et al., 2017; Ahn et al., 2018), leader-imitator (Dumas et al., 2010; Yun et al., 2012), joint attention and joint decision-making (Toppi et al., 2016; Hu et al., 2018), to teaching or playing music in a duet (Sänger et al., 2012; Müller et al., 2013). Moreover, the neurological coupling of mothers and their infants was investigated for positive and negative emotions and their regulation (Reindl et al., 2018; Santamaria et al., 2020).

Dec 26, 2022

Is AI Translation the Future of Video Games?

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, education, Elon Musk, information science, mobile phones, robotics/AI, space

In the midst of the Anti AI Art movement and the ever evolving complexity of the algorithms they are rallying against, this video essay discusses current flaws and future potential of AI Translation technology within Retro Game Emulation. Through rigorous testing of 3 games that never got localizations or fan translations (Tokimeki Memorial 2, Sakura Wars 2 & Boku No Natsuyasami 2), we will see how well Retroarch and ZTranslate’s AI Translator works for the average player. We will also discuss the ways in which this technology could one day be used in more formal localisations by professional teams, and wel will come to understand the nuances of the AI debate.

#AI #FanTranslation #Emulation.

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