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Nov 21, 2019

A giant, superfast AI chip is being used to find better cancer drugs

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, information science, robotics/AI

But in the last few years, AI has changed the game. Deep-learning algorithms excel at quickly finding patterns in reams of data, which has sped up key processes in scientific discovery. Now, along with these software improvements, a hardware revolution is also on the horizon.

Yesterday Argonne announced that it has begun to test a new computer from the startup Cerebras that promises to accelerate the training of deep-learning algorithms by orders of magnitude. The computer, which houses the world’s largest chip, is part of a new generation of specialized AI hardware that is only now being put to use.

“We’re interested in accelerating the AI applications that we have for scientific problems,” says Rick Stevens, Argonne’s associate lab director for computing, environment, and life sciences. “We have huge amounts of data and big models, and we’re interested in pushing their performance.”

Nov 21, 2019

Neuroscientists Transplant Human Neurons Into a Mouse Brain

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

The brain cortex, the outside layer of our brain often referred to as grey matter, is one of the most complex structures found in living organisms. It gives us the advanced cognitive abilities that distinguish us from other animals.

Neuroscientist Professor Pierre Vanderhaeghen (VIB-KU Leuven, Université libre de Bruxelles) explains what makes the human brain so unique: “One remarkable feature of human neurons is their unusually long development. Neural circuits take years to reach full maturity in humans, but only a few weeks in mice or some months in monkeys.”

“This long period of maturation allows much more time for the modulation of brain cells and circuits, which allows us to learn efficiently for an extended period up until late adolescence. It’s a very important and unique feature for our species, but what lies at its origin remains a mystery.”

Nov 21, 2019

Looking at Parkinson’s Potential Links to the Gut Microbiome

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Columnist Mary Beth Skylis shares some recent research that narrows in on the question of whether Parkinson’s disease is connected to the gut microbiome.

Nov 21, 2019

Sophia the robot

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

There was an historic first today as we welcomed an actual, real-life robot onto the sofa for a chat. 🤖 Sophia not only drew pictures of Holly and Phillip, she also summoned the memory of Gordon the Gopher! 😂😂.

Nov 21, 2019

Nanotechnology Is Shaping the Hypersonics Race

Posted by in categories: military, nanotechnology

New materials to deflect massive amounts of surface heat don’t come from nature.

A protective coating of carbon nanotubes may help the Pentagon field warplanes and missiles that can survive the intense heat generated at five times the speed of sound.

Researchers from Florida State University’s High-Performance Materials Institute, with funding from the U.S. Air Force, discovered that soaking sheets of carbon nanotubes in phenol-based resin increases their ability to disperse heat by about one-sixth, allowing a thinner sheet to do the job.

Nov 21, 2019

7-Ketocholesterol Drives Atherosclerosis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension

A particularly harmful byproduct of oxidized cholesterol appears to be a primary cause of atherosclerosis and a therapeutic target ripe for the taking. A new review takes a look at 7-ketocholesterol and its role in aging and disease.

A new review exploring 7-ketocholesterol

We recently reported on the launch of Underdog Pharma, a new startup biotech company that was spun off from many years of research at SENS Research Foundation and is focused on the problem of 7-ketocholesterol.

Nov 21, 2019

What Are Every Single Cognitive Bias That Can Impact Good Judgment And Rational Thinking? #infographic

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Click on the image to zoom in and view the high resolution version.

WHAT IS A COGNITIVE BIAS? Humans tend to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from making rational judgments. These tendencies usually arise from:

Nov 21, 2019

Global Protests Reveal Bitcoin’s Limitations

Posted by in category: bitcoin

Protests in Hong Kong, Lebanon, and Iran have forced cypherpunks to test censorship resistant technologies in the wild.

Nov 21, 2019

Ultrasensitive protein method lets scientists ID someone from a single strand of hair

Posted by in category: futurism

Heavily shedding criminals, beware.

Nov 21, 2019

Scans show how the brain is able to rewire itself after half of it is removed

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

The brain scans of six patients who’ve had half of their brain removed to treat severe epilepsy have left doctors in awe.