Archive for the ‘innovation’ category: Page 165

Oct 9, 2015

This HIV breakthrough could lead to a cure, scientists say

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, innovation

Scientists in the UK and Australia have identified three biomarkers, which when they attached to T-cells (part of the immune system) in high numbers prior to anti-retroviral therapy, increase the chance of early rebound.

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Oct 9, 2015

Boom Or Bust: Why Does Cancer Immunotherapy Have Such Mixed Results?

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, innovation

Treating cancer by boosting the immune system has been hailed as a major breakthrough in cancer treatment. It may melt away tumours in some patients but it isn’t always effective, and can even be dangerous.

The FDA approved two new immunotherapy drugs in 2015, and over half current cancer trials now involve immunotherapy. The field has the potential to completely change cancer treatment, but it’s still early days.

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Oct 8, 2015

NASA is opening up hundreds of patents to inventors, for free

Posted by in category: innovation

You’ll now be able to use them to create your own marketable inventions.

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Oct 2, 2015

‘Major’ IBM breakthrough breathes new life into Moore’s Law

Posted by in categories: computing, innovation

IBM scientists take a big step toward their quest to bring us speedy, low-power chips. The secret: carbon nanotubes.

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Sep 29, 2015

Joe Rogan Interviews Aubrey de Grey

Posted by in categories: human trajectories, innovation, science

Published on YouTube in April 2015.

Sep 28, 2015

Intelligent machines: Making AI work in the real world — By Eric Schmidt | BBC News

Posted by in categories: big data, computing, innovation, machine learning, robotics/AI, software

“As part of the BBC’s Intelligent Machines season, Google’s Eric Schmidt has penned an exclusive article on how he sees artificial intelligence developing, why it is experiencing such a renaissance and where it will go next.”

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Sep 23, 2015

The Emotional Era of Artificial Intelligence

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

Have you hugged or told someone that you love them today? Maybe it wasn’t someone — maybe it was your smartphone that you gave an extra squeeze or gave an extra pat as you slipped it into your pocket. Humans have become increasingly invested in their devices, and a new era of emotional attachment to our devices and other AI seems to be upon us. But how does this work itself out on the other end — will or could AI ever respond to humans in an emotional fashion?

Communication Sparks Emotional Response

AI is broad, and clearly not all AI are meant to give and receive in an emotional capacity. Humans seem prone to respond to features that are similar to its own species, or to those to which it can relate to in some sort of communicative way. Most “emotional” or responsive algorithm-based capabilities have been programmed into robots that are in a humanoid – or at least a mammal-like – form.

Think androids in customer-service, entertainment, or companion-type roles. There are also robots like PARO, the baby harbor seal used for therapeutic interaction with those in assisted living and hospital environments.

In a 2003 paper published through the International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Cynthia Breazeal quotes a study by Reeves and Nass (1996), whose research shows humans (whether computer experts, lay people, or computer critics) generally treat computers as they might treat other people.

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Sep 22, 2015

Scientists figure out how to make flexible materials 3 times stronger than steel

Posted by in categories: innovation, materials

Australian scientists have published an ‘instruction manual’ that makes it a whole lot easier and cheaper to create metallic glass — a type of flexible but ultra-tough alloy that’s been described as “the most significant materials science innovation since plastic”. The material is similar to the sci-fi liquid-type metal used to create the T-1000 in Terminator 2 - when it’s heated it’s as malleable as chewing gum, but when it cools it’s three times stronger than steel.

Researchers have been dabbling with the creation of metallic glass — or amorphous metal — for decades, and have made a range of different types by mixing metals such as magnesium, palladium, or copper — but only after an expensive and lengthy process of trial and error. Now, for the first time, Australian scientists have created a model of the atomic structure of metallic glass, and it will allow scientists to quickly and easily predict which metal combinations can form the unique material.

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Sep 21, 2015

MIT Invented Magnetic Hairs That Can Make Water Flow Uphill

Posted by in categories: innovation, materials

Inspired by the coats of fur on some animals, researchers at MIT have developed a flexible skin-like material covered in thousands of tiny magnetic hairs that can move in varying directions in the presence of a magnetic field. That might not seem particularly useful, until MIT points out that the new material can be used to control how liquids move across its surface, even causing water to flow against the pull of gravity.

It’s a neat trick, for sure, but there are other more useful applications of this new material. The tiny magnetic micro-pillars that make up the hair can be manufactured from a fiber optic-like material allowing them to change the direction of light passing through, facilitating self-darkening windows, or revolutionary new optics for cameras. The material can also be used to create advanced artificial skins, smart waterproofing, and even a precise way to manipulate individual cells. And let’s not forget a potential radical breakthrough in self-combing toupees and wigs. [MIT].

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Sep 20, 2015

Scientists invent the perfect coffee mug

Posted by in category: innovation

Scientists love coffee. More than anyone else, by some surveys. So in a way, it makes perfect sense that they would be responsible for what could be the greatest coffee-related invention since coffee-alcohol: a mug that keeps coffee hot – but not too hot – for hours on end. Here are the fifteen professions that drink the most coffee. Guess who’s number one. Here are the fifteen professions that drink the most coffee. Guess who’s number one. Here are the fifteen professions that drink the mo In 2011, Dunkin’ Donuts teamed up with CareerBuilder to shed some light on U.S. coffee…

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