Archive for the ‘encryption’ category: Page 3

Aug 7, 2023

Optical Computing Breakthrough: Seeing Through the “Unseeable”

Posted by in categories: encryption, information science, robotics/AI

Through a scattering medium such as ground glass? Traditionally, this would be considered impossible. When light passes through an opaque substance, the information carried within the light becomes “jumbled up”, almost as if undergoes complex encryption.

Recently, a remarkable scientific breakthrough by Professor Choi Wonshik’s team from the IBS Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics (IBS CMSD) has unveiled a method to leverage this phenomenon in the fields of optical computing and machine learning.

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that deals with the development of algorithms and statistical models that enable computers to learn from data and make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed to do so. Machine learning is used to identify patterns in data, classify data into different categories, or make predictions about future events. It can be categorized into three main types of learning: supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning.

Aug 4, 2023

Scientists Uncover a Surprising Link Between Pure Mathematics and Genetics

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, encryption, evolution, genetics, mathematics

An interdisciplinary team of mathematicians, engineers, physicists, and medical scientists has discovered a surprising connection between pure mathematics and genetics. This connection sheds light on the structure of neutral mutations and the evolution of organisms.

Number theory, the study of the properties of positive integers, is perhaps the purest form of mathematics. At first sight, it may seem far too abstract to apply to the natural world. In fact, the influential American number theorist Leonard Dickson wrote “Thank God that number theory is unsullied by any application.”

And yet, again and again, number theory finds unexpected applications in science and engineering, from leaf angles that (almost) universally follow the Fibonacci sequence, to modern encryption techniques based on factoring prime numbers. Now, researchers have demonstrated an unexpected link between number theory and evolutionary genetics.

Jul 30, 2023

Linux version of Abyss Locker ransomware targets VMware ESXi servers

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, encryption

The Abyss Locker operation is the latest to develop a Linux encryptor to target VMware’s ESXi virtual machines platform in attacks on the enterprise.

As the enterprise shifts from individual servers to virtual machines for better resource management, performance, and disaster recovery, ransomware gangs create encryptors focused on targeting the platform.

With VMware ESXi being one of the most popular virtual machine platforms, almost every ransomware gang has begun to release Linux encryptors to encrypt all virtual servers on a device.

Jul 20, 2023

Russian scientists present to Putin the nation’s ‘most powerful’ quantum computer

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, quantum physics

Various reports say the claim is far from true.

Russian scientists are claiming that they have created the most powerful quantum computer in the history of their nation. They even presented the computer to Russian President Vladimir Putin, who visited the exhibition of quantum technology achievements by Rosatom, the State Nuclear Energy Corporation.

But as per a report, the claim is far from true and the computer won’t be breaking modern encryption codes anytime soon.

Continue reading “Russian scientists present to Putin the nation’s ‘most powerful’ quantum computer” »

Jul 13, 2023

Quantum Breakthrough: First-Ever Entanglement of Microwave and Optical Photons

Posted by in categories: encryption, quantum physics, supercomputing

Quantum computing holds the potential to tackle complex issues in fields like material science and cryptography, problems that will remain out of reach even for the most powerful conventional supercomputers in the future. However, accomplishing this feat will likely necessitate millions of high-quality qubits, given the error correction needed.

Progress in superconducting processors advances quickly with a current qubit count in the few hundreds. The appeal of this technology lies in its swift computational speed and compatibility with microchip fabrication. However, the requirement for extremely low temperatures places a limit on the processor’s size and prevents any physical access once it is cooled down.

A modular quantum computer with multiple separately cooled processor nodes could solve this. However, single microwave photons—the particles of light that are the native information carriers between superconducting qubits within the processors—are not suitable to be sent through a room temperature environment between the processors. The world at room temperature is bustling with heat, which easily disturbs the microwave photons and their fragile quantum properties like entanglement.

Jul 7, 2023

The Role Of AI In Social Engineering

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, education, encryption, robotics/AI

Managing Director of Cyber Security Consulting at Verizon.

It’s no surprise firewalls and encryption are instrumental to help defend against cyberattacks, but those tools can’t defend against one of the largest cybersecurity threats: people.

Social engineering—manipulating individuals to divulge sensitive information—is on the rise, even as organizations increasingly implement cybersecurity education and training. While social engineering already poses a challenge for organizations, AI might make it even more of a threat.

Jul 3, 2023

How to stop quantum computers from breaking the internet’s encryption

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, information science, internet, quantum physics

Today’s encryption schemes will be vulnerable to future quantum computers, but new algorithms and a quantum internet could help.

Jun 11, 2023

Unlocking Photonic Computing Power with Artificial ‘Life’

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, food, mathematics, physics

Basic, or “elementary,” cellular automata like The Game of Life appeal to researchers working in mathematics and computer science theory, but they can have practical applications too. Some of the elementary cellular automata can be used for random number generation, physics simulations, and cryptography. Others are computationally as powerful as conventional computing architectures—at least in principle. In a sense, these task-oriented cellular automata are akin to an ant colony in which the simple actions of individual ants combine to perform larger collective actions, such as digging tunnels, or collecting food and taking it back to the nest. More “advanced” cellular automata, which have more complicated rules (although still based on neighboring cells), can be used for practical computing tasks such as identifying objects in an image.

Marandi explains: “While we are fascinated by the type of complex behaviors that we can simulate with a relatively simple photonic hardware, we are really excited about the potential of more advanced photonic cellular automata for practical computing applications.”

Marandi says cellular automata are well suited to photonic computing for a couple of reasons. Since information processing is happening at an extremely local level (remember in cellular automata, cells interact only with their immediate neighbors), they eliminate the need for much of the hardware that makes photonic computing difficult: the various gates, switches, and devices that are otherwise required for moving and storing light-based information. And the high-bandwidth nature of photonic computing means cellular automata can run incredibly fast. In traditional computing, cellular automata might be designed in a computer language, which is built upon another layer of “machine” language below that, which itself sits atop the binary zeroes and ones that make up digital information.

Jun 3, 2023

Quantum teleportation achieved as Chinese researchers send data across a lake

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, quantum physics

Finding practical applications for quantum entanglement is a formidable endeavor to say the least, but a group of Chinese researchers overcame some of the fundamental challenges of open-air quantum teleportation by developing a highly accurate laser pointing and tracking system, as reported by Ars Technica. The team was able to teleport a qubit (a standard unit of data in quantum computing) 97 kilometers across a lake using a small set of photons without fiberoptic cables or other intermediaries.

The laser targeting device developed by Juan Yin and his team was necessary to counteract the minute seismic and atmosphere shifts that would otherwise break the link between the two remote locations. While the use of fiberoptic cables solves the point-to-point accuracy problems faced by open-air systems, using the cables to carry entangled photons — which in turn carry the data needed for quantum teleportation — can cause what’s known as “quantum decoherence,” or rather a corruption in the photon’s entanglement data.

In the grand spectrum of scientific achievement, Yin’s research is a small but crucial stepping stone on the path to a global quantum network, allowing for super-fast data transmission with high levels of encryption to take place. Yin and his team think that quantum repeater satellites could be used to build this network, but until scientists figure out a way to give qubits a few more microseconds of staying power, such a network is probably many years off.

May 15, 2023

Quantum Entanglement Shatters Einstein’s Local Causality: The Future of Computing and Cryptography

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, quantum physics

ETH Zurich researchers have succeeded in demonstrating that quantum mechanical objects that are far apart can be much more strongly correlated with each other than is possible in conventional systems. For this experiment, they used superconducting circuits for the first time.

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