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Jul 21, 2024

Riverlane Discloses Its Quantum Error Correction Roadmap Through 2026

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, employment, information science, quantum physics

Implementing error correction in a quantum computer requires putting together a lot of different things. Of course, you want to start with good physical qubits that have as low a physical error rate that you can achieve. You want to add in an error correction algorithm, like the surface code, color code, q-LDPC, or others that can be implemented in your architecture, and you need a fast real time error decoder that can look at the circuit output and very quickly determine what the error is so it can be corrected. The error decoder portion doesn’t get as much attention in the media as the other things, but it is a very critical portion of the solution. Riverlane is concentrating on providing products for this with a series of solutions they name Deltaflow which consists of both a classical ASIC chip along with software. The Deltaflow solution consists of a powerful error decoding layer for identifying errors and sending back corrective instructions, a universal interface that communicates with the computer;s control system, and a orchestration layer for coordinating activities.

Riverlane has released its Deltaflow Error Correction Stack Roadmap that show yearly updates to the technology to support an increase in the number of QuOps (error free Quantum Operations) by 10X every year. We reported last year on a chip called DD1 that is part of their Deltaflow 1 solution that is capable of supporting 1,000 QuOps using a surface code error correction algorithm. And now, Riverlane is defining solutions that will achieve 10,000 QuOps with Deltaflow 2 later this year, 100,000 QuOps with Deltaflow 3 in 2025, and 1,000,000 QuOps, also called MegaQuops in 2026, with their Deltaflow Mega solution.

One characteristic that Riverlane is emphasizing in these designs is to perform the decoding in real time in order to keep the latencies low. Although it is fine for an academic paper to send the ancilla data off to a classical computer and have it determine the error, it might take milliseconds for the operation to complete. That won’t cut it in a production environment running real jobs. With their Deltaflow chips, these operations can be performed at megahertz rates and Riverlane has implemented techniques such as a streaming, sliding window, and parallized decoding approaches to increase the throughput of the decoder chips as much as possible. In future chips they will be implementing “fast logic” capabilities for Clifford gates using approaches including lattice surgery and transversal CZ gates.

Jul 21, 2024

Our brains take naps while we’re awake — and wake when we’re asleep

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, neuroscience

For the first time, scientists have discovered that a small region of our brain shuts down to take microsecond-long naps while we’re awake. What’s more, these same areas ‘flicker’ awake while we’re asleep. These new findings could offer pivotal insights into neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases, which are linked to sleep dysregulation.

Scientists from Washington University in St. Louis (WashU) and the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC) made these findings by accident, noticing how brain waves in one tiny area of the brain shut down suddenly for just milliseconds when we’re awake. And in this same region, those brain waves jolt suddenly, for the same amount of time, when we’re asleep.

“With powerful tools and new computational methods, there’s so much to be gained by challenging our most basic assumptions and revisiting the question of ‘what is a state?’” said Keith Hengen, Assistant Professor of Biology at WashU. “Sleep or wake is the single greatest determinant of your behavior, and then everything else falls out from there. So if we don’t understand what sleep and wake actually are, it seems like we’ve missed the boat.”

Jul 21, 2024

Nanoscale trilayer exhibits ultrafast charge transfer in semiconductor materials

Posted by in categories: energy, nanotechnology

Successfully innovating optoelectronic semiconductor devices depends a lot on moving charges and excitons—electron-hole pairs—in specified directions for the purpose of creating fuels or electricity.

Jul 21, 2024

One of the biggest mysteries of cosmology may finally be solved

Posted by in category: cosmology

The expansion rate of the universe, measured by the Hubble constant, has been one of the most controversial numbers in cosmology for years, and we seem at last to be close to nailing it down.

By Leah Crane

Jul 21, 2024

Mice live longer when inflammation-boosting protein is blocked

Posted by in categories: futurism, life extension

Turning off inflammatory protein extends healthy lifespan in mice.

A protein that promotes inflammation could hold the key to a longer, healthier life.

Humans also have the protein, called IL-11, offering hope for a future longevity treatment.

Continue reading “Mice live longer when inflammation-boosting protein is blocked” »

Jul 21, 2024

God Chatbots Offer Spiritual Insights on Demand. What Could Go Wrong?

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Large language models trained on religious texts claim to offer spiritual insights on demand. What could go wrong?

By Webb Wright

Just before midnight on the first day of Ramadan last year, Raihan Khan—a 20-year-old Muslim student living in Kolkata—announced in a LinkedIn post that he had launched QuranGPT, an artificial-intelligence-powered chatbot he had designed to answer questions and provide advice based on Islam’s holiest text. Then he went to sleep. He awoke seven hours later to find it had crashed because of an overflow of traffic. A lot of the comments were positive, but others were not. Some were flat-out threatening.

Jul 21, 2024

The First AI-Powered Storytelling Teddy Bear Is Here. I Gave It to My Kids to Test

Posted by in category: futurism

Poe is an animated talking teddy bear toy that uses ChatGPT to generate children’s stories. I took it for an early test run and bedtime got strange.

Jul 21, 2024

The 2025 Lucid Air Pure Electric Sedan Claims the Title of World’s Most Efficient Car

Posted by in categories: sustainability, transportation

Lucid says new updates make the Air Pure electric sedan beat Tesla and everybody else when it comes to powertrain efficiency.

Jul 21, 2024

Report: Oil sheen spreads in Gulf of Mexico just miles off coast

Posted by in category: futurism

According to a report by KPRC and the Texas General Land Office, officials are watching condensate leaking from an offshore drilling platform.

Jul 21, 2024

Rocket Man! First ever pizza delivery by jetpack

Posted by in category: futurism

Stunt marks Elton John’s appearance as Glastonbury.

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