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Feb 18, 2018

Stem Cell Based Stroke Treatment Repairs Brain Tissue

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Summary: A new treatment that uses extracellular vesicles filled with exosomes derived from human stem cells could help repair brain damage following stroke, researchers report.

Source: University of Georgia.

A team of researchers at the University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bioscience Center and ArunA Biomedical, a UGA startup company, have developed a new treatment for stroke that reduces brain damage and accelerates the brain’s natural healing tendencies in animal models. They published their findings in the journal Translational Stroke Research.

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Feb 18, 2018

Artificial muscles power up with new gel-based robotics

Posted by in categories: cyborgs, life extension, robotics/AI, wearables

A collaborative research team has designed a wearable robot to support a person’s hip joint while walking. The team, led by Minoru Hashimoto, a professor of textile science and technology at Shinshu University in Japan, published the details of their prototype in Smart Materials and Structures, a journal published by the Institute of Physics.

“With a rapidly aging society, an increasing number of elderly people require care after suffering from stroke, and other-age related disabilities. Various technologies, devices, and robots are emerging to aid caretakers,” wrote Hashimoto, noting that several technologies meant to assist a person with walking are often cumbersome to the user. “[In our] current study, [we] sought to develop a lightweight, soft, wearable assist wear for supporting activities of daily life for older people with weakened muscles and those with mobility issues.”

The wearable system consists of plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gel, mesh electrodes, and applied voltage. The mesh electrodes sandwich the gel, and when voltage is applied, the gel flexes and contracts, like a muscle. It’s a wearable actuator, the mechanism that causes movement.

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Feb 17, 2018

3D printing construction

Posted by in categories: 3D printing, habitats

A construction company printed an entire house in 24 hours and it only cost $10,000.

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Feb 17, 2018

Physicists create new form of light

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

MIT and Harvard physicists have created a new form of light that could enable quantum computing with photons.

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Feb 17, 2018

Devon has been chosen to experience Europe’s first 360-degree immersive cinema

Posted by in category: entertainment

It is expected to be open by the end of 2019 as part of the £7m “immersive technology” hub in Plymouth

By.

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Feb 17, 2018

Boosting Bone Healing Using a Key Protein

Posted by in category: genetics

Today, we would like to highlight a recent study in which researchers show a way to selectively accelerate bone regeneration. They have achieved this by delivering Jagged-1 to injuries instead of the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) that have been traditionally used.

What is jagged-1?

Jagged-1 is an osteoinductive protein that activates the Notch signaling pathway, which regulates bone healing at the site of injury. Osteoinduction is the process by which osteogenesis is induced.

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Feb 17, 2018

Physicists develop faster way to make Bose-Einstein condensates

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

The world of an atom is one of random chaos and heat. At room temperatures, a cloud of atoms is a frenzied mess, with atoms zipping past each other and colliding, constantly changing their direction and speed.

Such random motions can be slowed, and even stopped entirely, by drastically the atoms. At a hair above absolute zero, previously frenetic atoms morph into an almost zombie-like state, moving as one wave-like formation, in a quantum form of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Since the first Bose-Einstein condensates were successfully produced in 1995 by researchers in Colorado and by Wolfgang Ketterle and colleagues at MIT, scientists have been observing their strange quantum properties in order to gain insight into a number of phenomena, including magnetism and superconductivity. But cooling atoms into condensates is slow and inefficient, and more than 99 percent of the atoms in the original cloud are lost in the process.

Continue reading “Physicists develop faster way to make Bose-Einstein condensates” »

Feb 17, 2018

This New Graphene Invention Makes Filthy Seawater Drinkable in One Simple Step

Posted by in categories: innovation, materials

Using a type of graphene called Graphair, scientists from Australia have created a water filter that can make highly polluted seawater drinkable after just one pass.

The technology could be used to cheaply provide safe drinking water to regions of the world without access to it.

“Almost a third of the world’s population, some 2.1 billion people, don’t have clean and safe drinking water,” said lead author Dong Han Seo.

Continue reading “This New Graphene Invention Makes Filthy Seawater Drinkable in One Simple Step” »

Feb 17, 2018

How China’s Massive AI Plan Actually Works

Posted by in categories: engineering, government, military, robotics/AI

When the Chinese government released its Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Plan in July 2017, it crisply articulated the country’s ambition: to become the “world’s primary AI innovation center” by 2030. That headline goal turned heads within the global tech elite. Longtime Google CEO Eric Schmidt cited the plan as proof that China threatened to overtake the United States in AI. High-ranking American military leaders and AI entrepreneurs held it up as evidence that the United States was falling behind in the “space race” of this century. In December 2017, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology followed up with a “three-year action plan,” a translation of which was recently released by New America’s DigiChina initiative.

But how do these plans actually work? There’s a tendency to place this AI mobilization within China’s longstanding tradition of centrally planned engineering achievements that have wowed the world. The rapid build-out of the country’s bullet train network stands as a monument to the power of combining central planning and deep pockets: in the span of a decade, the Chinese central government spent around $360 billion building 13,670 miles of high-speed rail (HSR) track, more mileage than the rest of the world combined.

But putting the AI plan in this tradition can be misleading. While it follows this model in form (ambitious goal set by the central government), it differs in function (what will actually drive the transformation). The HSR network was dreamed up and drawn up by central government officials, and largely executed by state-owned enterprises. In AI, the real energy is and will be with private technology companies, and to a lesser extent academia.

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Feb 17, 2018

Artificial Intelligence Possible Concepts — Are You Ready for the Future

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, business, economics, robotics/AI

Artificial Intelligence has come a long way in the last decade and still, you have to ask; Where Are We Today? In reviewing the Brief History of AI or Artificial Intelligence we see such things as Humans VS Machines Chess Champions, but the current research goes way beyond that.

The applications and uses for artificially intelligent machines are endless. Prediction software can help us in medicine, environmental monitoring, weather warnings and even streamlining our transport systems, monetary economic flows and assist us in protecting our nation. The road ahead for artificial intelligence is more like the runway ahead and you can expect us to blast off into the future within the next five years.

For instance, if you are concerned that your CEO is making too much money in your corporation, you need not worry much longer because very soon they will be replaced with an artificial business tool; that’s right, meet your new CEO.

Continue reading “Artificial Intelligence Possible Concepts — Are You Ready for the Future” »