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Dec 16, 2021

Robot hand moves closer to human abilities

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

A team of researchers affiliated with multiple institutions in Korea has developed a robot hand that has abilities similar to human hands. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the group describes how they achieved a high level of dexterity while keeping the hand’s size and weight low enough to attach to a robot arm.

Creating hands with the dexterity, strength and flexibility of is a challenging task for engineers—typically, some attributes are discarded to allow for others. In this new effort, the researchers developed a new robot based on a linkage-driven mechanism that allows it to articulate similarly to the human hand. They began their work by conducting a survey of existing and assessing their strengths and weaknesses. They then drew up a list of features they believed their hand should have, such as fingertip force, a high degree of controllability, low cost and high dexterity.

The researchers call their new hand an integrated, linkage-driven dexterous anthropomorphic (IDLA) robotic hand, and just like its human counterpart, it has four fingers and a thumb, each with three joints. And also like the human hand, it has fingertip sensors. The hand is also just 22 centimeters long. Overall, it has 20 joints, which gives it 15 degrees of motion—it is also strong, able to exert a crushing force of 34 Newtons—and it weighs just 1.1.kg.

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