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Apr 20, 2024

The Hubble Tension is solved

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

But not in the Einstein/Newtonian Lambda-cold-dark-matter model

This post is based on the research paper by Mazurenko, Banik, Kroupa & Haslbauer (2023, MNRAS). Sergij Mazurenko is an undergraduate physics student at the University of Bonn, and Indranil Banik was an Alexander-von-Humboldt Fellow with us until recently and is currently at the University of St. Andrews. Moritz Haslbauer is a finishing PhD student at the University of Bonn who has been contributing to The Dark Matter Crisis (DMC). The press release from the University of Bonn on this matter can be read here (and from Charles University in Prague here) and a description can also be found in The Conversation.

Apr 20, 2024

Top Nanotechnology Expert to Lead UVA’s NanoSTAR Institute

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, nanotechnology

Evan A. Scott, PhD, comes to UVA from Northwestern University, where he has conducted groundbreaking research into the use of tiny nanostructures to battle heart disease, cancer, glaucoma and more. Scott’s nanostructures, far too small for the eye to see, allow for the precise delivery of drugs and other therapeutics to specific inflammatory cells to benefit the body’s immune response. His research provides important answers about the fundamental processes responsible for diseases and paves the way for high-tech treatments using cleverly designed, and mind-blowingly miniscule, synthetic materials.

“We are excited to welcome Dr. Scott to head up nanoSTAR at this critical turning point in nanotechnology research at the University of Virginia,” said Melina R. Kibbe, MD, dean of the School of Medicine. “Nanotechnology has vast untapped potential to benefit patients everywhere. It is a long-standing strength for UVA and will be a foundational pillar of the Paul and Diane Manning Institute of Biotechnology.”

The Manning Institute, under construction at Fontaine Research Park, will tackle some of the greatest challenges in medicine by focusing on cutting-edge areas of research such as nanotechnology, targeted drug delivery, cellular therapies and gene therapy. NanoSTAR, with Scott at the helm, will play a key role in that nanotechnology research, and Scott will work to foster collaborations across Grounds, including among the School of Medicine, School of Engineering and Applied Science, School of Data Science and the College of Arts and Sciences, among others.

Apr 20, 2024

MIT’s New AI Model Predicts Human Behavior With Uncanny Accuracy

Posted by in categories: futurism, robotics/AI

A new technique can be used to predict the actions of human or AI agents who behave suboptimally while working toward unknown goals.

MIT and other researchers developed a framework that models irrational or suboptimal behavior of a human or AI agent, based on their computational constraints. Their technique can help predict an agent’s future actions, for instance, in chess matches.

To build AI systems that can collaborate effectively with humans, it helps to have a good model of human behavior to start with. But humans tend to behave suboptimally when making decisions.

Apr 20, 2024

Researchers develop sodium battery capable of rapid charging in just a few seconds

Posted by in categories: energy, materials

Sodium (Na), which is over 500 times more abundant than lithium (Li), has recently garnered significant attention for its potential in sodium-ion battery technologies. However, existing sodium-ion batteries face fundamental limitations, including lower power output, constrained storage properties, and longer charging times, necessitating the development of next-generation energy storage materials.

Apr 20, 2024

Researchers set new standards for nanoparticles, helping patients with MS, ALS, Parkinson’s disease

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, nanotechnology, neuroscience

Is it possible for nanoparticles to go through the digestive system and deliver medicine directly to the brain tissue? Researchers from Michigan State University say yes, and their latest findings are expected to benefit patients with neurodegenerative disorders like multiple sclerosis, or MS; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS; and Parkinson’s disease, or PD.

Apr 20, 2024

What Is Bitcoin Halving? Definition, How It Works, Why It Matters

Posted by in category: bitcoin

Bitcoin halving explained. Find out about Bitcoin’s halving process works and what it means for Bitcoin’s price and its users.

Apr 20, 2024

Intel unveils world’s largest human brain-like computer for faster AI

Posted by in categories: futurism, robotics/AI

Intel says its new brain-like computer is significantly fast, energy-efficient and it has the potential to revolutionize future AI tools.

Apr 20, 2024

The Trailer for the World’s First Fully AI-Generated Film is Here

Posted by in categories: entertainment, mobile phones, robotics/AI

The world’s first fully AI-generated movie has been announced with the trailer for Next Stop Paris predictably containing one too many fingers.

TCLtv+ Studios is a brand new production team and its first release will be a short AI-generated romcom featuring professional voice actors and an original script but the imagery will be generated with AI tools.

Continue reading “The Trailer for the World’s First Fully AI-Generated Film is Here” »

Apr 20, 2024

Physicists Suggest Universe Is Full of Material Moving Faster Than Light

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

Dark matter may in fact be made up of light-barrier breaking particles called tachyons, the researchers posit.

Apr 20, 2024

Causal machine learning for predicting treatment outcomes

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, robotics/AI

Causal machine learning methods could be used to predict treatment outcomes for subgroups and even individual patients; this Perspective outlines the potential benefits and limitations of the approach, offering practical guidance for appropriate clinical use.

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