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Jul 19, 2016

Artificial Hearts Make Life Possible Without a Pulse

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

In 2011, two visionary doctors from the Texas Heart Institute successfully replaced a dying man’s heart with a ‘continuous flow’ device they developed.

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Jul 19, 2016

‘Living hip’ grown in lab genetically engineered to stop arthritis

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, genetics

Arthritis sufferers have been offered new hope after scientists grew a ‘living hip’ in the lab which not only replaces worn cartilage but stops painful joints returning.

Researchers in the US have used stem cells to grow cartilage in the exact shape of a hip joint while also genetically engineering the tissue to release anti-inflammatory molecules to fend off the return of arthritis.

The idea is to implant the perfectly shaped cartilage around the joint to extend its life before arthritis has caused too much damage to the bone.

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Jul 19, 2016

World’s first ‪#‎graphene‬ battery product unveiled in Beijing

Posted by in categories: energy, materials

The portable battery can be fully recharged within 15 minutes, about 20 times faster than a Li-ion battery.

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Jul 19, 2016

Implantable Artificial Kidney

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, materials

This artificial kidney could be implanted directly into the patient.

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Jul 19, 2016

Why the Cost of Living Is Poised to Plummet in the Next 20 Years

Posted by in categories: economics, education, employment, food, government, habitats, health, robotics/AI, transportation

Powered by developments in exponential technologies, the cost of housing, transportation, food, health care, entertainment, clothing, education and so on will fall, eventually approaching, believe it or not, zero.

People are concerned about how AI and robotics are taking jobs, destroying livelihoods, reducing our earning capacity, and subsequently destroying the economy.

In anticipation, countries like Canada, India and Finland are running experiments to pilot the idea of “universal basic income” — the unconditional provision of a regular sum of money from the government to support livelihood independent of employment.

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Jul 19, 2016

Scientists develop way to upsize nanostructures into light, flexible 3D printed materials

Posted by in categories: 3D printing, energy, engineering, nanotechnology

For years, scientists and engineers have synthesized materials at the nanoscale level to take advantage of their mechanical, optical, and energy properties, but efforts to scale these materials to larger sizes have resulted in diminished performance and structural integrity.

Now, researchers led by Xiaoyu “Rayne” Zheng, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Virginia Tech have published a study in the journal Nature Materials that describes a new process to create lightweight, strong and super elastic 3D printed metallic nanostructured with unprecedented scalability, a full seven orders of magnitude control of arbitrary 3D architectures.

Strikingly, these multiscale metallic materials have displayed super elasticity because of their designed hierarchical 3D architectural arrangement and nanoscale hollow tubes, resulting in more than a 400 percent increase of tensile elasticity over conventional lightweight metals and ceramic foams.

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Jul 18, 2016

Stanford Researchers ‘Trick’ Human Stem Cells To Regenerate Faster

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine found a way to trick human embryonic stem cells to become pure populations of any of 12 cell types, including bone, heart muscle and cartilage within days.

Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified the sets of biological and chemical signals necessary to quickly and efficiently direct human embryonic stem cells. If successful, researchers could grow pure populations of any of 12 cell types, including bone, heart muscle and cartilage within days rather than the weeks or months previously required.

This is key toward clinically useful regenerative medicine – potentially allowing researchers to generate new beating heart cells to repair damage after a heart attack or to create cartilage or bone to reinvigorate creaky joints or heal from trauma.

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Jul 18, 2016

No Man’s Sky will have a soundtrack written by algorithms

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, media & arts

Music for the game is ‘procedurally’ generated as players move through its universe.

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Jul 18, 2016

Mercedes’ autonomous bus makes a landmark trip on public roads

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, transportation

Mercedes-Benz’s CityPilot autonomous bus technology just got a real-world, long-range test drive on the streets and highways of the Netherlands. One of the company’s Future Bus vehicles successfully followed a 20km Bus Rapid Transit route between Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport and the nearby town of Haarlem, navigating through tight turns, intersections and pedestrian areas all without the need for human input.

The CityPilot platform is based on a version of Daimler’s Highway Pilot autonomous trucking technology adapted to handle the specific needs of a city bus. With GPS, radar and a dozen cameras built into the vehicle itself, the bus can recognize traffic signals, pedestrians and other obstacles. The bus has a top speed of 70km/h (or about 43 mph) and all that data taken together allows the bus to position itself within inches of bus stops or raised accessibility platforms.

Although regulations still require a human operator sit behind the wheel in case of an emergency, the vehicle’s intelligent systems make for a much smoother ride for everyone. Unlike other autonomous vehicles, the bus is actually connected to the city network so it can communicate directly with traffic lights and other city infrastructure. The camera systems can even scan the road for potholes, so buses can avoid rough patches on their next run or share that data back to the city.

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Jul 18, 2016

The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Intelligence Agencies

Posted by in categories: ethics, health, robotics/AI

The defense community has already begun a healthy dialogue about the ethics of AI in combat systems.

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