Menu

Blog

Page 8882

Jul 19, 2018

Time for the Meghalayan: A new geological age has officially been declared

Posted by in category: futurism

After years of debate, the International Chronostratigraphic Chart has officially been revised. What does that mean, exactly? Our current point in Earth’s geological timeline has been updated so that we’re now living in the Meghalayan age, which kicked off 4,200 years ago with a catastrophic two-century drought that destroyed several civilizations.

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

World’s oldest baby snake found preserved in amber

Posted by in category: habitats

100-million-year-old fossil may provide clues to the habitat and evolution of ancient serpents.

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

The public doesn’t trust GMOs. Will it trust CRISPR?

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, food

There’s a huge opportunity to improve agriculture with gene editing. But we need to give CRISPR a chance.

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

Martian atmosphere behaves as one

Posted by in categories: futurism, space

New research using a decade of data from ESA’s Mars Express has found clear signs of the complex Martian atmosphere acting as a single, interconnected system, with processes occurring at low and mid levels significantly affecting those seen higher up.

Understanding the Martian is a key topic in planetary science, from its current status to its past history. Mars’ atmosphere continuously leaks out to space, and is a crucial factor in the planet’s past, present, and future habitability – or lack of it. The planet has lost the majority of its once much denser and wetter atmosphere, causing it to evolve into the dry, arid world we see today.

However, the tenuous atmosphere Mars has retained remains complex, and scientists are working to understand if and how the processes within it are connected over space and time.

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

Glowing bacteria on deep-sea fish shed light on evolution, ‘third type’ of symbiosis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, evolution

You may recognize the anglerfish from its dramatic appearance in the hit animated film Finding Nemo, as it was very nearly the demise of clownfish Marlin and blue-tang fish Dory. It lives most of its life in total darkness more than 1,000 meters below the ocean surface. Female anglerfish sport a glowing lure on top of their foreheads, basically a pole with a light bulb on its end, where bioluminescent bacteria live. The light-emitting lure attracts both prey and potential mates to the fish.

Despite its recent fame, little is known about anglerfish and their symbiotic relationship with these brilliant , because the fish are difficult to acquire and study.

For the first time, scientists have sequenced and analyzed the genomes of bacteria that live in anglerfish bulbs. The bacteria were taken from fish specimens collected in the Gulf of Mexico.

Continue reading “Glowing bacteria on deep-sea fish shed light on evolution, ‘third type’ of symbiosis” »

Jul 19, 2018

Billion-year-old lake deposit yields clues to Earth’s ancient biosphere

Posted by in category: futurism

A sample of ancient oxygen, teased out of a 1.4 billion-year-old evaporative lake deposit in Ontario, provides fresh evidence of what the Earth’s atmosphere and biosphere were like during the interval leading up to the emergence of animal life.

The findings, published in the journal Nature, represent the oldest measurement of atmospheric oxygen isotopes by nearly a billion years. The results support previous research suggesting that oxygen levels in the air during this time in Earth history were a tiny fraction of what they are today due to a much less productive biosphere.

“It has been suggested for many decades now that the composition of the atmosphere has significantly varied through time,” says Peter Crockford, who led the study as a Ph.D. student at McGill University. “We provide unambiguous evidence that it was indeed much different 1.4 billion years ago.”

Continue reading “Billion-year-old lake deposit yields clues to Earth’s ancient biosphere” »

Jul 19, 2018

Don’t Squish the Jellyfish. Capture It With a Folding Robotic Claw

Posted by in categories: habitats, robotics/AI

A new invention could help marine scientists study sea creatures in their natural habitat more effectively without harming them in the process.

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

Not classing aging as a disease is not a major problem

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension

A common concern in the community is that the FDA, the EMA, and other bodies, such as WHO, do not classify aging as a disease and that this poses a problem for developing therapies that target aging. However, this is not really as serious an issue as some people would suggest; today, we will have a look at why that is.

Why this will not stop progress

Aging is a variety of distinct processes, damages, and errors; therefore, simply treating aging in clinical terms is not a viable endpoint. For a clinical trial to be conducted, it requires a verifiable indication, and aging is too general for the FDA and EMA to classify it as a disease.

Continue reading “Not classing aging as a disease is not a major problem” »

Jul 19, 2018

Creating Genetically Modified Babies Is “Morally Permissible,” Says Ethics Committee

Posted by in categories: ethics, genetics

https://paper.li/e-1437691924#/


In a newly released report, an influential UK ethics council concludes that editing human embryos is “morally permissible.”

Read more

Jul 19, 2018

Barack Obama suggests cash handouts be considered to address workforce challenges

Posted by in categories: economics, robotics/AI, security

But even though money is necessary, it’s not sufficient to provide human beings a sense of satisfaction, Obama cautioned. As more and more tasks and services become automated with the rise of artificial intelligence, “that’s going to make the job of giving everybody work that is meaningful tougher, and we’re going to have to be more imaginative, and the pace of change is going to require us to do more fundamental re-imagining of our social and political arrangements, to protect the economic security and the dignity that comes with a job.”


The former president says “we’re going to have to consider new ways of thinking” as technology threatens current labor markets.

Read more