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Jan 7, 2019

‘Chemo brain’ caused by malfunction in three types of brain cells, study finds

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

In a new #Stanford study explaining the cellular mechanisms behind cognitive impairment from chemotherapy, scientists have demonstrated that a widely used chemotherapy drug, #methotrexate, causes a complex set of problems in three major cell types within the brain’s white matter. The study also identifies a potential remedy.


In a new study explaining the cellular mechanisms behind cognitive impairment from chemotherapy, scientists have demonstrated that a widely used chemotherapy drug, methotrexate, causes a complex set of problems in three major cell types within the brain’s white matter. The study also identifies a potential remedy.

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Jan 7, 2019

Why the Future of Solar Power Is from Space

Posted by in categories: solar power, space, sustainability

Over seven decades ago in 1941, Isaac Asimov wrote a short story, “Reason” (PDF), in which energy captured from the sun was transmitted via microwave beams to nearby planets from a space station. Flash forward to today, scientists are looking to make that very science fiction dream a reality for Earth.

There has been tremendous research on space-based solar power (SBSP) or space solar power (SSP) since the mid 20th century. Here is a great timeline of the various international studies and projects related to SBSP.

Continue reading “Why the Future of Solar Power Is from Space” »

Jan 7, 2019

Engineers create an inhalable form of messenger RNA

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Messenger RNA, which can induce cells to produce therapeutic proteins, holds great promise for treating a variety of diseases. The biggest obstacle to this approach so far has been finding safe and efficient ways to deliver mRNA molecules to the target cells.


Patients with lung disease could find relief by breathing in messenger RNA molecules.

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Jan 7, 2019

Binghamton University researchers design a more durable MEMS switch

Posted by in category: mobile phones

Researchers from Binghamton University’s Mechanical Engineering Department have developed a way to make cell phones and power lines more durable.


Assistant Professor Sherry Towfighian and graduate student Mark Pallay created a new type of microelectromechanical system – more commonly known as a MEMS switch – that uses electrostatic levitation to provide a more robust system.

“All cell phones use MEMS switches for wireless communication, but traditionally there are just two electrodes,” said Towfighian. “Those switches open and close numerous times during just one hour, but their current lifespan is limited by the two-electrode system.”

Continue reading “Binghamton University researchers design a more durable MEMS switch” »

Jan 7, 2019

Novel fiber-optic device lays foundation for quantum-enhanced measurements

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed and tested a new #Interferometer


January 3, 2019 — By analyzing a pattern formed by the intersection of two beams of light, researchers can capture elusive details regarding the behavior of mysterious phenomena such as gravitational waves. Creating and precisely measuring these interference patterns would not be possible without instruments called interferometers.

For over three decades, scientists have attempted to improve the sensitivity of interferometers to better detect how the number of photons—particles that make up visible light and other forms of electromagnetic energy—leads to changes in light phases. Attempts to achieve this goal are often hampered by optical loss and noise, both of which can decrease the accuracy of interferometer measurements.

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Jan 7, 2019

Industry Predictions: AI, Machine Learning, Analytics & Data Science Main Developments in 2018 and Key Trends for 2019

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, science

This is a collection of data science, machine learning, analytics, and AI predictions for next year from a number of top industry organizations. See what the insiders feel is on the horizon for 2019!

Data Science Salon Austin, Feb 21-22 - Register Now

Data Science Salon Austin, Feb 21–22 — Register Now

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Jan 7, 2019

Elon Musk: First Commercial Crew Test Will Be “Especially Dangerous”

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, space travel

It will be a critical flight for SpaceX and NASA.


But SpaceX is hard at work to prevent any disaster from happening.

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Jan 7, 2019

India scientists dismiss Einstein theories

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, government

Scientists in India have hit out at speakers at a major conference for making irrational claims, including that ancient Hindus invented stem cell research.

Some academics at the annual Indian Science Congress dismissed the findings of Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein.

Hindu mythology and religion-based theories have increasingly become part of the Indian Science Congress agenda.

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Jan 7, 2019

Human Pilot Study Results for Senolytics Published

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension

The results from a human pilot study that focused on treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with senescent cell-clearing drugs has been published. The drugs target aged and damaged cells, which are thought to be a reason we age and get sick, and remove them from the body.

Senescent cells and aging

As we age, increasing numbers of our cells become dysfunctional, entering into a state known as senescence. Senescent cells no longer divide or support the tissues and organs of which they are part; instead, they secrete a range of harmful inflammatory chemical signals, which are collectively known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP).

Continue reading “Human Pilot Study Results for Senolytics Published” »

Jan 7, 2019

We Just Flew Past a Kuiper Belt Object. Here’s Why We Should Do It Again

Posted by in category: space

A proposed ‘interstellar probe’ could tell us more about dwarf planets and rocky rubble beyond Neptune’s orbit.

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