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Mar 9, 2018

Bioquark Inc. — Arsenio Buck Show — Ira Pastor

Posted by in categories: aging, bioengineering, business, cryonics, DNA, futurism, genetics, health, neuroscience, transhumanism

Mar 9, 2018

Bioquark Inc. — Wellness Radio with Dr. J — Ira Pastor

Posted by in categories: aging, bioengineering, biotech/medical, complex systems, cosmology, disruptive technology, DNA, futurism, genetics, health…sformation

Mar 9, 2018

How Fast Can Gravitational Wave Detection Get?

Posted by in categories: information science, physics, robotics/AI

With machine learning and other algorithmic approaches, researchers are increasing the speed at which they detect the undulations of spacetime.

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Mar 9, 2018

Newer drugs make hepatitis C-positive kidneys safe for transplant

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

People without hepatitis C did not contract the disease after receiving successful transplants of infected kidneys along with newer antiviral drugs.

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Mar 9, 2018

Scientists Claiming There’s No Brain Growth After Age 13 Spark Fiery Debate

Posted by in category: neuroscience

It’s hard for us to accept the idea that the brain stops growing, despite the large body of scientific evidence supporting this idea. The often-repeated statistic, based on years of research, is that the brain stops developing around the age of 25. More recently, an international team of neuroscientists argued in Nature that the human brain stops producing new neurons at age 13. The response from the scientific community to this most recent study has been significant, to say the least.

In their paper, published Wednesday, the researchers write that their findings “do not support the notion that robust adult neurogenesis continues in the human hippocampus.” In other words, none of the hippocampus tissue samples from adult brains they examined showed evidence of new neurons. Infants’ brains grow lots of new neurons, they report, and older children’s brains slow down a little. Meanwhile, none of their adult samples showed evidence of new neurons. And this is what other scientists don’t agree with.

“They may just not have looked carefully enough,” Jonas Frisén, Ph.D., of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, told STAT News on Wednesday. Frisén co-authored a paper in 2015 that contradicts the findings of the Nature paper. And Frisén isn’t the only one who thinks these researchers’ conclusion may be premature.

Continue reading “Scientists Claiming There’s No Brain Growth After Age 13 Spark Fiery Debate” »

Mar 9, 2018

Give double-layer graphene a twist and it superconducts

Posted by in category: materials

When graphene layers are twisted to a “magic angle,” the material superconducts.

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Mar 9, 2018

NASA astronaut who spent a year in space now has different DNA from his twin

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, space travel

Space travel is dangerous for a lot of very obvious reasons — traveling off of Earth on a rocket has its risks, after all — but even when everything goes well it seems that a brief stay in space has the potential to alter a person’s very DNA. That’s the takeaway from a long-term NASA study that used astronaut Scott Kelly and his twin brother Mark as guinea pigs to see how living in space can affect the most basic building blocks of life.

Scott Kelly has spent over 500 days in space overall, but a huge chunk of that came with a single mission which had him stay aboard the International Space Station for 342 days. His brother Mark, who is a retired astronaut, is his identical twin and has the same DNA. This provided a never-before-possible opportunity for NASA to study how long-term space travel affects the human body and the genes that make us who we are. As it turns out, space really does change us, and upon Scott’s return to Earth it was discovered that his DNA has significantly changed.

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Continue reading “NASA astronaut who spent a year in space now has different DNA from his twin” »

Mar 9, 2018

Nuclear fusion on brink of being realised, say MIT scientists

Posted by in category: nuclear energy

Carbon-free fusion power could be ‘on the grid in 15 years’

Science correspondent.

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Mar 9, 2018

We Just Completed a Record-Breaking Test of a Revolutionary Ion Engine

Posted by in categories: military, space travel

When it comes to the future of space exploration, a number of new technologies are being investigated. Foremost among these are new forms of propulsion that will be able to balance fuel-efficiency with power. Not only would engines that are capable of achieving a great deal of thrust using less fuel be cost-effective, they will be able to ferry astronauts to destinations like Mars and beyond in less time.

This is where engines like the X3 Hall-effect thruster comes into play. This thruster, which is being developed by NASA’s Glenn Research Center in conjunction with the US Air Force and the University of Michigan, is a scaled-up model of the kinds of thrusters used by the Dawn spacecraft. During a recent test, this thruster shattered the previous record for a Hall-effect thruster, achieving higher power and superior thrust.

Hall-effect thrusters have garnered favor with mission planners in recent years because of their extreme efficiency. They function by turning small amounts of propellant (usually inert gases like xenon) into charged plasma with electrical fields, which is then accelerated very quickly using a magnetic field. Compared to chemical rockets, they can achieve top speeds using a tiny fraction of their fuel.

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Mar 9, 2018

Spacewatch: engine fuelled by air will enable low-flying class of satellites

Posted by in category: satellites

Electric thruster sucks in the scarce air molecules at the top of the Earth’s atmosphere, using them as propellant to fight drag.

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