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Sep 23, 2023

Energy Department investing $325M in batteries that can better store clean electricity

Posted by in category: energy

The Energy Department will invest $325 million in batteries that can better store clean energy, it announced Friday.

The funding will go toward 15 projects in 17 states and one tribal nation that aim to “advance energy storage technologies” and accelerate the development of long-duration energy storage (LDES) technologies.

Sep 23, 2023

NASA’s 7-year mission concludes with asteroid sample returning to Earth this weekend

Posted by in category: space

A seven-year NASA mission is only just beginning as a capsule lands on Earth this weekend bringing with it some valuable cargo.

Sep 23, 2023

Stuart Russell on Artificial Intelligence: What if we succeed?

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Given that Stuart Russell is a co-author of the most popular textbook on AI, I can hardly think of anyone more qualified to discuss Artificial Ingelligence.

Sep 23, 2023

Nvidia Engineer’s Message to Google AI Researchers: Leave Your Company

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Jacopo Pantaleoni joined Nvidia in 2001 when the company had less than 500 employees. He worked on what was then a small research project to improve Nvidia’s graphics processing units so they could better render images on computers and gaming consoles.

More than two decades later, Nvidia has more than 26,000 employees and its GPUs are at the center of the generative AI explosion. Pantaleoni had climbed the ranks to become a principal engineer and research scientist, one of the highest ranking positions for an individual contributor, he says. Then, in July, as Nvidia boomed like no other company, Pantaleoni says he resigned, giving up a substantial amount of unvested stock units, after coming to a realization.

“This market of machine learning, artificial intelligence” is “almost entirely driven by the big players— Googles, Amazons, Metas”—that have the “enormous amounts of data and enormous amounts of capital” to develop AI at scale. Those companies are also Nvidia’s biggest customers. “This was not the world I wanted to help build,” he said.

Sep 23, 2023

Terrible Things Happened to Monkeys After Getting Neuralink Implants, According to Veterinary Records

Posted by in category: neuroscience

This isn’t good. I feel for anyone in the human trials.

Documents viewed as part of a new investigation by Wired, however, as well as testimony from a former employee, contradict Musk’s claims entirely — and the details are as upsetting as they are damning, adding to a mounting case against the safety of Neuralink’s devices.

And the timing couldn’t be more exigent either, with Neuralink announcing on Wednesday that it’s recruiting subjects for human trials.

Continue reading “Terrible Things Happened to Monkeys After Getting Neuralink Implants, According to Veterinary Records” »

Sep 22, 2023

James Webb Space Telescope detects 1st evidence of carbon on Jupiter’s icy moon Europa

Posted by in category: space

The discovery made using NASA’s powerful space telescope brings scientists a step closer to determining if the salty water oceans of Europa could support life.

Sep 22, 2023

Mutations in 11 genes associated with aggressive prostate cancer identified in new research

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics

An international research team led by scientists in the Center for Genetic Epidemiology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center has singled out mutations in 11 genes that are associated with aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

These findings come from the largest-scale prostate cancer study ever exploring the exome—that is, the key sections of the genetic code that contain the instructions to make proteins. The scientists analyzed samples from about 17,500 .

Today, oncologists customize care for certain individuals with with help from genetic tests. The results can inform treatment, as one class of targeted therapies has proved effective against some inherited prostate cancers. Test findings also can lead to genetic screening among patients’ family members, so they have the chance to take measures that reduce risk and to work with their doctors to be more vigilant in early detection.

Sep 22, 2023

Consumer Health: What do you know about these 3 childhood cancers?

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health, neuroscience

The types of cancer that occur in children often are different from those in adults. Childhood cancers usually are not linked to lifestyle or environmental risk factors, as is often the case in adults. Nonetheless, cancer is the second-leading cause of death in children 1 to 14 years old, according to the American Cancer Society. Nearly 10,000 children in the U.S. under the age of 15 will be diagnosed with cancer in 2023, and about 1,000 children are expected to die of the disease.

September is Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, which makes this a good time to learn about three of the most common types of cancer in children: acute lymphocytic leukemia, neuroblastoma and pediatric brain tumors.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. It’s the most common type of cancer in children, and treatments result in a good chance for a cure. Acute lymphocytic leukemia also can occur in adults, though the chance of a cure is greatly reduced.

Sep 22, 2023

Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan announced they’re building a computing system to help eliminate human disease by 2100, but costs may be hefty

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing

‘They’re not announcing like, ‘We have created a model that does a particular thing.’ Instead, they’re saying ‘We are planning to create a resource that is going to be available for biologists to create new models,’ Carpenter said.

The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, the couple’s LLC, told The Register that they plan to have their product running by 2024. The company also declined to tell the Register how much it’ll have to spend to make its product.

It could be a hefty bill, considering that the computer parts it wants to use are in high demand and low supply, The Register reported.

Sep 22, 2023

SLAC fires up the world’s most powerful X-ray laser: LCLS-II ushers in a new era of science

Posted by in categories: biological, chemistry, computing, quantum physics, science, sustainability

The newly upgraded Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory successfully produced its first X-rays, and researchers around the world are already lined up to kick off an ambitious science program.

The upgrade, called LCLS-II, creates unparalleled capabilities that will usher in a new era in research with X-rays.

Scientists will be able to examine the details of quantum materials with unprecedented resolution to drive new forms of computing and communications; reveal unpredictable and fleeting chemical events to teach us how to create more sustainable industries and ; study how carry out life’s functions to develop new types of pharmaceuticals; and study the world on the fastest timescales to open up entirely new fields of scientific investigation.

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