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Mar 21, 2023

Free Will is Impossible. Interview with Derk Pereboom

Posted by in categories: ethics, neuroscience

Derk Pereboom claims that free will is impossible because of its incompatibility with both determinism and indeterminism. Also he defends a robust nonreductive physicalism. It says that although consciousness can’t be reduced to physical it’s not something over and above physical.
The interview was taken by Vadim Vasiliev and Dmitry Volkov. Below you’ll see a list of questions of the interview.
1. The most influential books.
2. What are the differences between notions of moral responsibility and basic desert?
3. Which type of punishment should be eliminated if we find out that there is no justification for basic desert?
4. Is indignation as a reaction on wrongdoing a kind of irrational emotion?
5. How was the manipulation argument invented?
6. Why you’ve recently changed a presentation of the first case of Manipulation Argument?
7. How does the problem of free will relate to the problem of mental causation?
8. Could the problem of personal identity pose difficulties for moral responsibility and for basic desert? And why causal determinism is at the focus of free will debate?
9. Is there a real difference between hard incompatibilist’s position and that of compatibilists?
10. Can you list or name some differences and similarities between you and Daniel Dennett?
11. Could cognitive science and neuroscience eliminate the discussion on free will?
12. What is a definition of mental?
13. What were the most important changes of your views?
14. What is meaning of life?
15. What is your current research?

Mar 21, 2023

Americans’ IQ Scores Are Lower in Some Areas, Higher in One

Posted by in category: futurism

Summary: While scores for verbal reasoning and matrix reasoning have decreased, scores for spatial reasoning have improved, researchers report.

Source: Northwestern University.

IQ scores have substantially increased from 1932 through the 20th century, with differences ranging from three to five IQ points per decade, according to a phenomenon known as the “Flynn effect.”

Mar 21, 2023

Astronauts that hibernate on long spaceflights is not just for sci-fi. We could test it in 10 years

Posted by in category: space travel

“Of course, we need to finetune everything before we can apply it to humans. But I would say that 10 years is a realistic timeline,” Ngo-Anh said.

This fine-tuning is already underway. First studies have shown that it’s possible to induce torpor (opens in new tab) in otherwise non-hibernating animals, such as rats, and bring them safely back to life a few days later. The process of triggering hibernation is rather intricate and involves reduced exposure to daylight and a period of intense feeding followed by a strict fast.

Mar 21, 2023

Photoexcited electrons from fullerene help create high-speed switch

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Quantum ‘turnout’ device has a switching speed four to five orders of magnitude faster than that of current solid-state transistors.

Mar 21, 2023

The neuroscience of loving music

Posted by in categories: media & arts, neuroscience

Humans are musical animals 4 million years in the making, explained by music expert Michael Spitzer.

Mar 21, 2023

Motors Run Wirelessly With Tesla Coil

Posted by in category: computing

Year 2016 This is a simple set up for running an electric engine without wires with a tesla coil.

This is a small demonstration showing how Tesla’s wireless technology can run motors and other various devices. Although the setup is only using about 500–600 ma, the results are dependable up to about three feet from the transmitter.

Continue reading “Motors Run Wirelessly With Tesla Coil” »

Mar 21, 2023

Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (MEG)

Posted by in category: energy

😗 year 2021.

A term MEG refers to motionless electromagnetic generator circuit which is designed to generate electrical energy without using any moving components or involving any kind of mechanical stages.

The device is made solely through a strategic placement and interaction of permanent magnets, coils and a ferromagnetic core. The specialty of this device as claimed by the inventors and researchers lies in its potential to generate an output power much higher than the induced input triggering power.

Continue reading “Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (MEG)” »

Mar 21, 2023

Meet the new giant spider species described as “rare and secretive”

Posted by in category: education

A new, giant species of trapdoor spider has been discovered in Queensland, Australia, which researchers are describing as “rare” and “secretive.”

The species, Euoplos dignitas, was identified after four years of intensive fieldwork by researchers at Queensland Museum, following the discovery of an undescribed species in the museum’s collection.

“This species was first known from older specimens stored in the Queensland Museum collection, mostly collected in the early and mid-20th century,” Michael Rix, principal curator of arachnology at Queensland Museum, who led the study, told Newsweek.

Mar 21, 2023

Finding A New Use For The Oil Sands —The Carbon Fibre Grand Challenge

Posted by in categories: particle physics, space travel

The province, however, is seeking a solution to its future relevance taking baby steps of which CFGC is one. Having said this, it still is an important initiative that could have enormous Canada-wide impacts.

What is carbon fibre?

Carbon fibre is less than a tenth the thickness of human hair. It contains carbon atoms almost exclusively. It is lightweight yet strong and can be bundled with other carbon fibres, woven, pressed and moulded. Carbon fibre material can be turned into tubes for bicycles, tennis rackets, and golf clubs. As a sheet, it can be moulded and turned into body parts for automobiles and trucks. Today, it is in the wings of modern aircraft replacing aluminum and steel. It is in Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket. And in construction, it can be used instead of concrete, brick, wood, and even steel.

Mar 21, 2023

Protecting Infrastructure

Posted by in categories: chemistry, economics, life extension

Year 2022 Basically this mechanoluminescence material can bring illumination to the mysterious info of stress in infrastructure so there could eventually be an easier way to measure aging infrastructure.

Both in Japan and other developed countries, social infrastructure built during periods of rapid economic growth is rapidly aging, and accidents involving aging infrastructure are becoming more frequent. The useful life of infrastructure is considered to be about 50 years due to the deterioration of concrete, a key component. Concrete eventually cracks due to internal chemical reactions and external forces, and so-called “moving cracks” that are gradually progressing due to the constant application of force are particularly dangerous. However, finding such cracks is a difficult task that requires significant time and effort. That’s why Nao Terasaki, a team leader at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), and his colleagues have developed a luminescent material that helps reveal dangerous cracks by making them glow.

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