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Jun 12, 2024

Switching nanomagnets using infrared lasers

Posted by in categories: nanotechnology, physics

When molecules are irradiated with infrared light, they begin to vibrate due to the energy supply. For Andreas Hauser from the Institute of Experimental Physics at Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), this well-known phenomenon was the starting point for considering whether these oscillations could also be used to generate magnetic fields.

Jun 12, 2024

Universe’s first molecule was found in a 2,900 light-year away nebula after decades of searching

Posted by in category: chemistry

Scientists think that helium hydride is the universe’s first chemical bond, yet the ion has proven surprisingly difficult to locate.

Jun 12, 2024

From Rice University: “Chemical reactions can scramble quantum information as well as black holes”

Posted by in categories: chemistry, cosmology, quantum physics

From Rice University

4.5.24 Silvia Cernea Clark 713−348−6728 [email protected].

Chris Stipes 713−348−6778 [email protected].

Continue reading “From Rice University: ‘Chemical reactions can scramble quantum information as well as black holes’” »

Jun 12, 2024

Wanted: advanced atomic vapor sensors for quantum information, imaging, communications, and RF electrometry

Posted by in categories: military, particle physics, quantum physics

ARLINGTON, Va. – U.S. military researchers are approaching industry to enhance atomic vapor sensors for electric field sensing, imaging, communications, and quantum information science (QIS).

Officials of the U.S. Defense Advanced research Projects Agency (DARPA) in Arlington, Va., have issued a broad agency announcement (HR001124S0031) for the Enhancing Quantum Sensor Technologies with Rydberg Atoms (EQSTRA) program.

EQSTRA seeks to enhance the performance, capabilities, and maturity of atomic vapor sensors for future compact, calibration-free, small, and lightweight devices with low drift, and quantum-limited accuracy and sensitivity.

Jun 12, 2024

A 25-year quest for the Holy Grail of evolutionary biology

Posted by in category: biological

When I started my postdoc in 1998, I think it is safe to say that the Holy Grail (or maybe Rosetta Stone) for many evolutionary biologists was a concept called the Adaptive Landscape. The reason for such exalted status is that the adaptive landscape was then – and remains – the only formal quantitative way to predict and interpret an adaptive radiation of few organisms into many. I was heavily indoctrinated into this framework — as my postdoc was at UBC during precisely the time when Dolph Schluter was writing his now-classic book The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation.

Jun 12, 2024

Dr. David Boucher, Ph.D. — Director, Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response, ASPR, U.S. HHS

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry, genetics, health

Is Director, Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response, Administration for Strategic Preparedness and Response, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (https://aspr.hhs.gov/Pages/Home.aspx).

The HHS Administration for Strategic Preparedness and Response (ASPR) leads the nation’s medical and public health preparedness for, response to, and recovery from disasters and other public health emergencies.
ASPR collaborates with hospitals, healthcare coalitions, biotech firms, community members, state, local, tribal, and territorial governments, and other partners across the country to improve readiness and response capabilities.

Continue reading “Dr. David Boucher, Ph.D. — Director, Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response, ASPR, U.S. HHS” »

Jun 12, 2024

US Wants To Create ‘Hellscape’ Of Drones If China Attacks Taiwan

Posted by in categories: drones, robotics/AI

Drone wars, what haven’t we seen. If we look at active wars and mark those drones gen1, do we have in army hangars strategic gen 3 or 4 drones? what do they look like, how does that c&c works?


Top Admiral: “I want to turn the Taiwan Strait into an unmanned hellscape using a number of classified capabilities.”

Jun 12, 2024

Molecules in Motion: Advanced Spectroscopy Captures Molecular Dynamics in Real-Time

Posted by in categories: biological, chemistry, evolution, particle physics

Researchers have developed a new method that uses attosecond core-level spectroscopy to capture molecular dynamics in real time.

The mechanisms behind chemical reactions are complex, involving many dynamic processes that affect both the electrons and the nuclei of the involved atoms. Frequently, the strongly coupled electron and nuclear dynamics trigger radiation-less relaxation processes known as conical intersections. These dynamics underpin many significant biological and chemical functions but are notoriously difficult to detect experimentally.

The challenge in studying these dynamics stems from the difficulty of tracing the nuclear and electronic motion simultaneously. Their dynamics are intertwined and occur on ultrafast timescales, which has made capturing the molecular dynamical evolution in real time a major challenge for both physicists and chemists in recent years.

Jun 12, 2024

Extending the Kibble-Zurek Mechanism

Posted by in category: futurism

A theory first applied to phase transitions in the early Universe and then to defects in superfluid helium can now account for a wider variety of systems.

Jun 12, 2024

A Close Look at the Dynamics of an Ion–Neutral Reaction

Posted by in categories: chemistry, nuclear energy, particle physics

A detailed study of a reaction between a molecular ion and a neutral atom has implications for both atmospheric and interstellar chemistry.

Reactions between ions and neutral atoms or molecules occur in various settings, from planetary atmospheres to plasmas. They are also the driving force behind rich reaction chains at play in the interstellar medium (ISM)—the giant clouds of gas and dust occupying the space between stars. The ISM is cold, highly dilute, and abundant with ionizing radiation [1]. These conditions are usually unfavorable for chemistry. Yet, more than 300 molecular species have been detected in the ISM to date, of which about 80% contain carbon [2]. Now Florian Grussie at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK) in Germany and collaborators report an experimental and theoretical study of an ion–neutral reaction: that between a neutral carbon atom and a molecular ion (HD+), made of a hydrogen and a deuterium (heavy hydrogen) atom [3, 4]. The study’s findings could improve our understanding of the chemistry of the ISM.

Ion–neutral reactions are fundamentally different from those involving only neutral species. Unlike typical neutral–neutral reactions, ion–neutral reactions often do not need to overcome an activation energy barrier and proceed efficiently even if the temperature approaches absolute zero. The reason for this difference is that, in ion–neutral reactions, the ion strongly polarizes the neutral atom or molecule, causing attractive long-range interactions that bring the reactants together.

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