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Feb 27, 2024

Researchers develop powerful optical neuromorphic processor

Posted by in categories: biological, robotics/AI, transportation

An international team of researchers, led by Swinburne University of Technology, demonstrated what it claimed is the world’s fastest and most powerful optical neuromorphic processor for artificial intelligence (AI). It operates faster than 10 trillion operations per second (TeraOPs/s) and is capable of processing ultra-large scale data.

The researchers said this breakthrough represents an enormous leap forward for neural networks and neuromorphic processing in general. It could benefit autonomous vehicles and data-intensive machine learning tasks such as computer vision.

Artificial neural networks can ‘learn’ and perform complex operations with wide applications. Inspired by the biological structure of the brain’s visual cortex system, artificial neural networks extract key features of raw data to predict properties and behaviour with unprecedented accuracy and simplicity.

Feb 27, 2024

Researchers develop new nanoparticle to deliver drugs to immune system cells

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry, engineering, nanotechnology

Vanderbilt researchers have developed a new nanoparticle that can more get drugs inside cells to boost the immune system and fight diseases such as cancer.

The research is led by John Wilson, associate professor of chemical and and , as well as a corresponding author on the paper about the research that was recently published in the journal Nanoscale.

Wilson, who is Principal Investigator of the Immunoengineering Lab at Vanderbilt and a Chancellor Faculty Fellow, and his team created a polymeric nanoparticle that can penetrate cell membranes and get drugs into the cytosol—or liquid—inside cells.

Feb 27, 2024

Submolecular-scale control of phototautomerization

Posted by in category: mapping

Weak laser light confined at the apex of a scanning tunnelling microscope tip can drive the tautomerization of a free-base phthalocyanine with atomic-scale precision. The combination of tip-enhanced photoluminescence spectroscopy and hyperspectral mapping paired with theoretical modelling then unravel an excited-state mediated reaction.

Feb 27, 2024

New measurement of cosmic distances in the dark energy survey gives clues about the nature of dark energy

Posted by in categories: cosmology, evolution, particle physics

We now have a standard model of cosmology, the current version of the Big Bang theory. Although it has proved very successful, its consequences are staggering. We know only 5% of the content of the universe, which is normal matter. The remaining 95% is made up of two exotic entities that have never been produced in the laboratory and whose physical nature is still unknown.

These are , which accounts for 25% of the content of the cosmos, and dark energy, which contributes 70%. In the standard model of cosmology, dark energy is the energy of empty space, and its density remains constant throughout the .

According to this theory, propagated in the very early universe. In those early stages, the universe had an enormous temperature and density. The pressure in this initial gas tried to push the particles that formed it apart, while gravity tried to pull them together, and the competition between the two forces created sound waves that propagated from the beginning of the universe until about 400,000 years after the Big Bang.

Feb 27, 2024

Quantum gravity in the can: The holographic principle

Posted by in categories: holograms, quantum physics

It might sound like something from science fiction, but the holographic principle might help us answer the biggest problem in modern physics.

Feb 27, 2024

Can We Upload Our Minds to a Computer?

Posted by in categories: computing, neuroscience

Unless we solve the problem of consciousness, the endeavour remains a dead end.

Feb 27, 2024

Revisiting the Self-Refilling Bowl of Soup

Posted by in category: futurism

Replication Crisis.

Revisiting the self-refilling bowl of soup.

A replication of a study is called into question by scientific misconduct.

Feb 27, 2024

‘Entropy Bagels’ and Other Complex Structures Emerge From Simple Rules

Posted by in category: mathematics

Simple rules in simple settings continue to puzzle mathematicians, even as they devise intricate tools to analyze them.

Feb 27, 2024

Enhancer selectivity in space and time: from enhancer–promoter interactions to promoter activation

Posted by in category: futurism

Gene regulation in animals depends chiefly on enhancers, yet the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This Review discusses enhancer–promoter interactions and transcription activation, focusing on how enhancer–promoter selectivity is achieved and on recent technical advances that may provide new insights into transcription activation.

Feb 27, 2024

Single-pixel p-graded-n junction spectrometers

Posted by in category: electronics

The miniaturization of spectrometers to a submillimeter-scale footprint opens opportunities for applications in hyperspectral imaging and lab-on-a-chip systems. Here, the authors report a high-performance single-pixel photodetector spectrometer based on the III-V semiconductor p-graded-n junction, featuring a voltage-tunable optical response.

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