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Feb 21, 2024

Global Implications: More Aerosol Particles Than Thought Are Forming Over Siberia

Posted by in categories: climatology, particle physics

Recent research has discovered that, in contrast to earlier assumptions, substantial quantities of aerosol particles are generated across extensive regions of the West Siberian taiga during spring. These findings indicate that rising temperatures can greatly influence the climate due to this phenomenon.

Aerosol particles significantly contribute to the Earth’s cooling process. They can impact the amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth’s surface either directly or indirectly by aiding in cloud formation. These particles originate from various gas molecules and are found all over the planet.

To understand the circumstances in which these particles are formed, researchers conduct measurements in various environments all over the world. For example, the Finnish flagship station SMEAR II has conducted measurements in the boreal forest for 25 years.

Feb 21, 2024

Quantum dark states lead to an advantage in noise reduction

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics

While atomic clocks are already the most precise timekeeping devices in the universe, physicists are working hard to improve their accuracy even further. One way is by leveraging spin-squeezed states in clock atoms.

Spin-squeezed states are entangled states in which particles in the system conspire to cancel their intrinsic quantum noise. These states, therefore, offer great opportunities for quantum-enhanced metrology since they allow for more precise measurements. Yet, spin-squeezed states in the desired optical transitions with little outside noise have been hard to prepare and maintain.

One particular way to generate a spin-squeezed state, or squeezing, is by placing the clock atoms into an , a set of mirrors where light can bounce back and forth many times. In the cavity, atoms can synchronize their photon emissions and emit a burst of light far brighter than from any one atom alone, a phenomenon referred to as superradiance. Depending on how superradiance is used, it can lead to entanglement, or alternatively, it can instead disrupt the desired quantum state.

Feb 21, 2024

AI Generated Videos Just Changed Forever

Posted by in categories: food, robotics/AI

Reminder: It’s only been 1 YEAR since the Will Smith eating spaghetti videoOpenAI Sora: character: BasedAFMKBHD Mer…

Feb 21, 2024

Predibase (Predibase)

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

LoRA Land: 25 fine-tuned #Mistral 7b #LLM that outperform #gpt4 on task-specific applications ranging from sentiment detection to question answering.

Predibase is the fastest way to productionize open-source AI. It enables easy fine-tuning and serving of LLM or deep learning models on cloud infrastructure, promising scalability and cost-effectiveness and is currently used by Fortune 500 and high-growth companies. Try for free:

Feb 21, 2024

Apple Vision Pro review: Here’s what you need to know

Posted by in category: futurism

Joanna Stern, WSJ, joins ‘Squawk on the Street’ to discuss Apple’s latest large product launch, the Apple Vision Pro.

Feb 21, 2024

Ultra-high density hydrogen storage holds twice as much as liquid H2

Posted by in categories: energy, transportation

A nanoporous material that holds hydrogen at twice the density of cryogenic liquid H2 could address the challenges of large-scale liquid and gas storage that have held this clean fuel back.

Hydrogen is finding plenty of applications as a clean fuel – in trucking and commercial vehicles, short range aviation and shipping, for example, where it carries considerably more energy per weight and volume than lithium batteries and can deliver superior range figures and quick refueling. You can burn it more or less like gasoline, or run it through a fuel cell to generate electric power.

It has the highest energy per mass of any fuel, but it’s a pain to store. Keep it in gas tanks and you’ll need some 700 atmospheres’ worth of compression. Keep it as a liquid, and you’ll need to maintain cryogenic temperatures just 20 degrees above absolute zero. And even when squashed into a supercooled liquid, it might be lightweight, but it takes up a surprising and inconvenient amount of volume, making it both energy-hungry and tough to package where space is an issue.

Feb 21, 2024

World’s first ‘resilient’ SIM that auto switches for network unveiled

Posted by in category: internet

Discover rSIM — the groundbreaking solution for seamless mobile connectivity, ensuring uninterrupted IoT and mobile internet access worldwide.

Feb 21, 2024

Spintronics research finds magnetic state of certain materials can be switched using surface induced strain

Posted by in categories: materials, particle physics

Electronics are based on electrical charges being transported from one place to another. Electrons move, current flows, and signals are transmitted by applying an electrical voltage. However, there is also another way to manipulate electronic currents and signals: using the properties of the spin—the intrinsic magnetic moment of the electron. This is called “spintronics,” and it has become an increasingly important field in contemporary electronic research.

An international research team involving TU Wien and the Czech Academy of Sciences has now achieved an important breakthrough. They have managed to switch the spins in an antiferromagnetic material using surface strain. This could lead to an important new line of research in electronic technologies. The research is published in the journal Advanced Functional Materials.

“There are different types of magnetism,” explains Sergii Khmelevskyi from the Vienna Scientific Cluster Research Center, TU Wien. “The best known is ferromagnetism. It occurs when the atomic spins in a material are all aligned in parallel. But there is also the opposite, antiferromagnetism. In an antiferromagnetic material, neighboring atoms always have opposite spins.” Their effects therefore cancel each other out and no can be detected from the outside.

Feb 21, 2024

Dark Matter May Be a Deformed Mirror Universe, Scientists Say

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

Does dark matter reside in a deformed mirror universe of our own, where rules are different and atoms failed to form?

Feb 21, 2024

Neuromorphic Computing from the Computer Science Perspective: Algorithms and Applications

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, science, transportation

Speaker’s Bio: Catherine (Katie) Schuman is a research scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). She received her Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Tennessee (UT) in 2015, where she completed her dissertation on the use of evolutionary algorithms to train spiking neural networks for neuromorphic systems. She is continuing her study of algorithms for neuromorphic computing at ORNL. Katie has an adjunct faculty appointment with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at UT, where she co-leads the TENNLab neuromorphic computing research group. Katie received the U.S. Department of Energy Early Career Award in 2019.

Talk Abstract: Neuromorphic computing is a popular technology for the future of computing. Much of the focus in neuromorphic computing research and development has focused on new architectures, devices, and materials, rather than in the software, algorithms, and applications of these systems. In this talk, I will overview the field of neuromorphic from the computer science perspective. I will give an introduction to spiking neural networks, as well as some of the most common algorithms used in the field. Finally, I will discuss the potential for using neuromorphic systems in real-world applications from scientific data analysis to autonomous vehicles.

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