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Feb 23, 2024

What You Can Do Now to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health, neuroscience

Experts from Michigan Medicine answer questions about brain health and how to prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

Learn more about the Michigan Alzheimer’s Disease Center at University of Michigan Health:

Continue reading “What You Can Do Now to Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease” »

Feb 23, 2024

Chemotherapy method uses patient’s own cells as trojan horse to direct cancer-killing drugs to tumors

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical

Lung cancer is not the most common form of cancer, but it is by far among the deadliest. Despite treatments such as surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, only about a quarter of all people with the disease will live more than five years after diagnosis, and lung cancer kills more than 1.8 million people worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organization.

To improve the odds for patients with lung cancer, researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington and UT Southwestern Medical Center have pioneered a novel approach to deliver cancer-killing drugs directly into cancer cells.

“Our method uses the patient’s own cellular material as a to transport a targeted drug payload directly to the cells,” said Kytai T. Nguyen, lead author of a new study on the technique in the journal Bioactive Materials and the Alfred R. and Janet H. Potvin Distinguished Professor in Bioengineering at UTA.

Feb 23, 2024

Gut bacteria linked to colorectal cancer in young people

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Certain gut bacteria reside in colorectal tumors, but the species differ depending on a patient’s age, offering hope that our gut tenants could serve as early warning signs of cancer in young people.

Feb 23, 2024

A New Agenda for Low-Dimensional Topology

Posted by in category: mathematics

This past October, dozens of mathematicians gathered in Pasadena to create the third version of “Kirby’s list” — a compendium of the most important unsolved problems in the field.

Feb 23, 2024

‘We all move at speed of light through spacetime’… What does it really mean?

Posted by in category: futurism

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We all travel through space time at speed of light. But, what does it really mean? How does it explain the consequences of special relativity — time dilation, length contraction, relativity of simultaneity, and more.

Continue reading “‘We all move at speed of light through spacetime’… What does it really mean?” »

Feb 23, 2024

Musk: Neuralink chip is working

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, neuroscience

Musk said that the first human patient implanted with a Neuralink chip last month “is able to… move the mouse around the screen just by thinking.”

Feb 23, 2024

Exceptional Nuclease Resistance of DNA and RNA with the Addition of Small-Molecule Nucleobase Mimics

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Nucleases present a formidable barrier to the application of nucleic acids in biology, significantly reducing the lifetime of nucleic acid-based drugs. Here, we develop a novel methodology to protect DNA and RNA from nucleases by reconfiguring their supramolecular structure through the addition of a nucleobase mimic, cyanuric acid. In the presence of cyanuric acid, polyadenine strands assemble into triple helical fibers known as the polyA/CA motif. We report that this motif is exceptionally resistant to nucleases, with the constituent strands surviving for up to 1 month in the presence of serum. The conferred stability extends to adjacent non-polyA sequences, albeit with diminishing returns relative to their polyA sections due to hypothesized steric clashes. We introduce a strategy to regenerate stability through the introduction of free polyA strands or positively charged amino side chains, enhancing the stability of sequences of varied lengths. The proposed protection mechanism involves enzyme failure to recognize the unnatural polyA/CA motif, coupled with the motif’s propensity to form long, bundling supramolecular fibers. The methodology provides a fundamentally new mechanism to protect nucleic acids from degradation using a supramolecular approach and increases lifetime in serum to days, weeks, or months.

Feb 23, 2024

Uncovering hidden states driving biological outcomes using machine learning

Posted by in categories: biological, robotics/AI

We developed Significant Latent Factor Interaction Discovery and Exploration (SLIDE), an interpretable machine learning approach that can infer hidden states (latent factors) underlying biological outcomes. These states capture the complex interplay between factors derived from multiscale, multiomic datasets across biological contexts and scales of resolution.

Feb 23, 2024

Antimatter: Scientists freeze positronium atoms with lasers

Posted by in category: particle physics

Positronium has the potential to revolutionise physics but the elusive substance had been too hot to handle.

Feb 23, 2024

Wearable Tech Reads Human Emotions

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, virtual reality, wearables

Summary: Researchers unveiled a pioneering technology capable of real-time human emotion recognition, promising transformative applications in wearable devices and digital services.

The system, known as the personalized skin-integrated facial interface (PSiFI), combines verbal and non-verbal cues through a self-powered, stretchable sensor, efficiently processing data for wireless communication.

This breakthrough, supported by machine learning, accurately identifies emotions even under mask-wearing conditions and has been applied in a VR “digital concierge” scenario, showcasing its potential to personalize user experiences in smart environments. The development is a significant stride towards enhancing human-machine interactions by integrating complex emotional data.

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