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Apr 8, 2024

Neutrinos Whisper Quantum Gravity Secrets From the South Pole

Posted by in categories: particle physics, quantum physics, space

University of Copenhagen team contributes to an Antarctic large-scale experiment striving to find out if gravity also exists at the quantum level; An extraordinary particle able to travel undisturbed through space seems to hold the answer.

Several thousand sensors distributed over a square kilometer near the South Pole are tasked with answering one of the large outstanding questions in physics: does quantum gravity exist? The sensors monitor neutrinos – particles with no electrical charge and almost without mass – arriving at the Earth from outer space. A team from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), University of Copenhagen, has contributed to developing the method that exploits neutrino data to reveal if quantum gravity exists.

“If as we believe, quantum gravity does indeed exist, this will contribute to unite the current two worlds in physics. Today, classical physics describes the phenomena in our normal surroundings such as gravity, while the atomic world can only be described using quantum mechanics. The unification of quantum theory and gravitation remains one of the most outstanding challenges in fundamental physics. It would be very satisfying if we could contribute to that end,” says Tom Stuttard, Assistant Professor at NBI.

Apr 8, 2024

Magnetic Awakening: Unusual Radio Pulses Detected From a Previously Dormant Star

Posted by in category: space

Researchers using Murriyang, CSIRO ’s Parkes radio telescope, have detected unusual radio pulses from a previously dormant star with a powerful magnetic field.

New results published today (April 8) in Nature Astronomy describe radio signals from magnetar XTE J1810-197 behaving in complex ways.

Continue reading “Magnetic Awakening: Unusual Radio Pulses Detected From a Previously Dormant Star” »

Apr 8, 2024

Unveiling the Invisible: How BREAD Is Redefining Dark Matter Searches

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

BREAD’s innovative approach to dark matter detection uses a coaxial “dish” antenna to scan for mysterious particles.

One of the great mysteries of modern science is dark matter. We know dark matter exists thanks to its effects on other objects in the cosmos, but we have never been able to directly see it. And it’s no minor thing—currently, scientists think it makes up about 85% of all the mass in the universe.

A new experiment by a collaboration led by the University of Chicago and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, known as the Broadband Reflector Experiment for Axion Detection or BREAD, has released its first results in the search for dark matter in a study published in Physical Review Letters. Though they did not find dark matter, they narrowed the constraints for where it might be and demonstrated a unique approach that may speed up the search for the mysterious substance, at relatively little space and cost.

Apr 8, 2024

New Ultra-Low Power Memory for Neuromorphic Computing

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

KAIST researchers have created a low-power, cost-efficient phase change memory device, setting a new standard in memory technology.

A team of Korean researchers is making headlines by developing a new memory device that can be used to replace existing memory or used in implementing neuromorphic computing for next-generation artificial intelligence hardware for its low processing costs and ultra-low power consumption.

KAIST (President Kwang-Hyung Lee) announced on April 4th that Professor Shinhyun Choi’s research team in the School of Electrical Engineering has developed a next-generation phase change memory device featuring ultra-low-power consumption that can replace DRAM and NAND flash memory.

Apr 8, 2024

Not Science Fiction: Harvard Scientists Have Developed an “Intelligent” Liquid

Posted by in categories: futurism, robotics/AI

Scientists at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a programmable metafluid with tunable springiness, optical properties, viscosity and even the ability to transition between a Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid.

The first-of-its-kind metafluid uses a suspension of small, elastomer spheres — between 50 to 500 microns — that buckle under pressure, radically changing the characteristics of the fluid. The metafluid could be used in everything from hydraulic actuators to program robots, to intelligent shock absorbers that can dissipate energy depending on the intensity of the impact, to optical devices that can transition from clear to opaque.

Continue reading “Not Science Fiction: Harvard Scientists Have Developed an ‘Intelligent’ Liquid” »

Apr 8, 2024

Harvard and MIT Scientists Discover Cholesterol-Busting Microbes in the Gut

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Alterations in the gut microbiome are associated with a range of diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Now, a team of researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard along with Massachusetts General Hospital has found that microbes in the gut may affect cardiovascular disease as well. In a study published in Cell, the team has identified specific species of bacteria that consume cholesterol in the gut and may help lower cholesterol and heart disease risk in people.

Members of Ramnik Xavier’s lab, Broad’s Metabolomics Platform, and collaborators analyzed metabolites and microbial genomes from more than 1,400 participants in the Framingham Heart Study, a decades-long project focused on risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Apr 8, 2024

The Magnetic Twist: Hybrid Superconductors Unlock Quantum Computing Potential

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, quantum physics

An international team including researchers from the University of Würzburg has succeeded in creating a special state of superconductivity. This discovery could advance the development of quantum computers.

Superconductors are materials that can conduct electricity without electrical resistance – making them the ideal base material for electronic components in MRI machines, magnetic levitation trains, and even particle accelerators. However, conventional superconductors are easily disturbed by magnetism. An international group of researchers has now succeeded in building a hybrid device consisting of a stable proximitized-superconductor enhanced by magnetism and whose function can be specifically controlled.

They combined the superconductor with a special semiconductor material known as a topological insulator. “Topological insulators are materials that conduct electricity on their surface but not inside. This is due to their unique topological structure, i.e. the special arrangement of the electrons,” explains Professor Charles Gould, a physicist at the Institute for Topological Insulators at the University of Würzburg (JMU). “The exciting thing is that we can equip topological insulators with magnetic atoms so that they can be controlled by a magnet.”

Apr 8, 2024

Google Chrome Adds V8 Sandbox — A New Defense Against Browser Attacks

Posted by in category: security

Google tackles Chrome security with new V8 Sandbox. This aims to stop memory issues from spreading, protecting your browser experience.

Apr 8, 2024

Watch Out for ‘Latrodectus’ — This Malware Could Be In Your Inbox

Posted by in category: cybercrime/malcode

‘Latrodectus’ strikes via phishing emails. This powerful downloader can execute commands, evade detection, and pave the way for further attacks.

Apr 8, 2024

Cybercriminals Targeting Latin America with Sophisticated Phishing Scheme

Posted by in category: cybercrime/malcode

Latin America targeted in new phishing attack. Emails contain malicious HTML files disguised as invoices.

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