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Jun 9, 2024

The Missing Piece: Combining Foundation Models and Open-Endedness for Artificial Superhuman Intelligence ASI

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

Recent advances in artificial intelligence, primarily driven by foundation models, have enabled impressive progress. However, achieving artificial general intelligence, which involves reaching human-level performance across various tasks, remains a significant challenge. A critical missing component is a formal description of what it would take for an autonomous system to self-improve towards increasingly creative and diverse discoveries without end—a “Cambrian explosion” of emergent capabilities i-e the creation of open-ended, ever-self-improving AI remains elusive., behaviors, and artifacts. This open-ended invention is how humans and society accumulate new knowledge and technology, making it essential for artificial superhuman intelligence.

DeepMind researchers propose a concrete formal definition of open-endedness in AI systems from the perspective of novelty and learnability. They illustrate a path towards achieving artificial superhuman intelligence (ASI) by developing open-ended systems built upon foundation models. These open-ended systems would be capable of making robust, relevant discoveries that are understandable and beneficial to humans. The researchers argue that such open-endedness, enabled by the combination of foundation models and open-ended algorithms, is an essential property for any ASI system to continuously expand its capabilities and knowledge in a way that can be utilized by humanity.

The researchers provide a formal definition of open-endedness from the perspective of an observer. An open-ended system produces a sequence of artifacts that are both novel and learnable. Novelty is defined as artifacts becoming increasingly unpredictable to the observer’s model over time. Learnability requires that conditioning on a longer history of past artifacts makes future artifacts more predictable. The observer uses a statistical model to predict future artifacts based on the history, judging the quality of predictions using a loss metric. Interestingness is represented by the observer’s choice of loss function, capturing which features they find useful to learn about. This formal definition quantifies the key intuition that an open-ended system endlessly generates artifacts that are both novel and meaningful to the observer.

Jun 9, 2024

Revolutionizing Robotics: Exclusive Interview with Agility Robotics CEO

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

Brighter with Herbert.

Jun 9, 2024

Surface Bubbles Could Have Evolved into Earth’s First Cells

Posted by in categories: energy, materials

(Inside Science) – Primitive “protocells” like those that evolved into the first living cells can form in bubbles on mineral surfaces that were plentiful on the early Earth, according to new research.

The researchers created artificial protocells that they believe may be similar to the protocells that may have formed on Earth about 3.8 billion years ago. The artificial protocells can absorb other small molecules by forming a barrier membrane around them — behavior that is strikingly like that of modern living cells when they absorb cellular fuel and other essential materials while blocking off harmful substances.

And the artificial protocells also exhibit a primitive form of “division,” where the outer membrane of a protocell ruptures and leaves behind several “daughter” protocells with the same capabilities.

Jun 9, 2024

Nvidia Tops $3 Trillion in Market Value, Leapfrogging Apple

Posted by in category: computing

Nvidia was already the world’s most valuable semiconductor firm. Now, it’s become the first computer-chip company ever to hit $3 trillion in market capitalization, as.

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Nvidia Corp. was already the world’s most valuable semiconductor firm. Now, it’s become the first computer-chip company ever to hit $3 trillion in market capitalization.

Jun 9, 2024

Will Apple’s AI Finally Make Siri Smart?

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

With all the buzz about generative AI and a rumored Apple-OpenAI partnership announcement at WWDC, can Siri finally move from punchline to essential tool?

Jun 9, 2024

Toshiba unveils new fast-charging, cobalt-free battery

Posted by in categories: climatology, sustainability

Japanese electronics company Toshiba has developed a new kind of cobalt-free battery that could lead to cheaper, more sustainable EVs in the future.

The challenge: Road transportation is a significant contributor to climate change, accounting for 12% of global greenhouse gas emissions, so transitioning from fossil fuel-powered cars and trucks to electric vehicles (EVs) is crucial to meeting our climate goals.

The lithium-ion batteries used in most of today’s EVs have several problems, though, and a big one is that their cathodes are made of cobalt, a rare and expensive metal often mined using child labor and environmentally destructive practices.

Jun 9, 2024

The first example of cellular origami

Posted by in category: biological

“Geometry is destiny”

How a simple cell produces remarkably complex behavior, all without a nervous system.

Combining a deep curiosity and “recreational biology,” Stanford researchers have discovered how a simple cell produces remarkably complex behavior, all without a nervous system. It’s origami, they say.

Jun 9, 2024

NVIDIA’s New AI Chip: Revolutionizing Computing Industry

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

NVIDIA’s AI operating system, accelerated computing, and generative AI technologies are revolutionizing the computing industry and have the potential to transform various industries and aspects of everyday life Questions to inspire discussion What is NVIDIA’s new AI chip? —NVIDIA’s new AI chip, the H100, is a powerful technology that is revolutionizing computing and dominating the industry, enabling faster and more efficient tasks in various industries.

Jun 9, 2024

GPT-4 autonomously hacks zero-day security flaws with 53% success rate

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, robotics/AI

Researchers were able to successfully hack into more than half their test websites using autonomous teams of GPT-4 bots, co-ordinating their efforts and spawning new bots at will. And this was using previously-unknown, real-world ‘zero day’ exploits.

Jun 9, 2024

Study finds fresh water and key conditions for life appeared on Earth a half-billion years earlier than thought

Posted by in category: futurism

We need two ingredients for life to start on a planet: dry land and (fresh) water. Strictly, the water doesn’t have to be fresh, but fresh water can only occur on dry land.

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