Page 13

May 15, 2024

Repurposed beer yeast encapsulated in hydrogels may offer a cost-effective way to remove lead from water

Posted by in categories: chemistry, engineering, particle physics

Every year, beer breweries generate and discard thousands of tons of surplus yeast. Researchers from MIT and Georgia Tech have now come up with a way to repurpose that yeast to absorb lead from contaminated water.

Through a process called biosorption, yeast can quickly absorb even trace amounts of lead and other heavy metals from water. The researchers showed that they could package the yeast inside hydrogel capsules to create a filter that removes lead from water. Because the yeast cells are encapsulated, they can be easily removed from the water once it’s ready to drink.

“We have the hydrogel surrounding the free yeast that exists in the center, and this is porous enough to let water come in, interact with yeast as if they were freely moving in water, and then come out clean,” says Patricia Stathatou, a former postdoc at the MIT Center for Bits and Atoms, who is now a research scientist at Georgia Tech and an incoming assistant professor at Georgia Tech’s School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.

May 15, 2024

Researchers use AI to boost image quality of metalens camera

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Researchers have leveraged deep learning techniques to enhance the image quality of a metalens camera. The new approach uses artificial intelligence to turn low-quality images into high-quality ones, which could make these cameras viable for a multitude of imaging tasks including intricate microscopy applications and mobile devices.

May 15, 2024

Bezos’ Rocket Company Will Send Tourists To Space This Weekend For First Time Since 2022

Posted by in category: space travel

It’ll be the first manned flight for Bezos’ company since a 2022 malfunction grounded Blue Origin’s New Shepard rockets.

May 15, 2024

Oldest known human viruses found hidden within Neanderthal bones

Posted by in category: genetics

Genetic analysis of 50,000-year-old Neanderthal skeletons has uncovered the remnants of three viruses related to modern human pathogens, and the researchers think they could be recreated.

By James Woodford

May 15, 2024

Protocells on early Earth may have been formed by squeezing geysers

Posted by in category: futurism

The search for the origin of life on earth goes on.

Simulations of the crust of early Earth show that cycles of pressure caused by geysers or tidal forces could have generated cell-like structures and even very simple proteins.

By Michael Le Page

Continue reading “Protocells on early Earth may have been formed by squeezing geysers” »

May 15, 2024

New gel breaks down alcohol in the body

Posted by in category: futurism

Most alcohol enters the bloodstream via the mucous membrane layer of the stomach and the intestines. These days, the consequences of this are undisputed: even small amounts of alcohol impair people’s ability to concentrate and to react, increasing the risk of accidents.

May 15, 2024

How does ChatGPT ‘think’? Psychology and neuroscience crack open AI large language models

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, robotics/AI

“It is nonsensical to say that an LLM has feelings,” Hagendorff says. “It is nonsensical to say that it is self-aware or that it has intentions. But I don’t think it is nonsensical to say that these machines are able to learn or to deceive.”

Brain scans

Other researchers are taking tips from neuroscience to explore the inner workings of LLMs. To examine how chatbots deceive, Andy Zou, a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and his collaborators interrogated LLMs and looked at the activation of their ‘neurons’. “What we do here is similar to performing a neuroimaging scan for humans,” Zou says. It’s also a bit like designing a lie detector.

May 15, 2024

AI insights in a modern world with Professor Nick Bostrom, Oxford University

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, robotics/AI

For decades, philosopher Nick Bostrom (director of the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford) has led the conversation around technology and human experience (and grabbed the attention of the tech titans who are developing AI – Bill Gates, Elon Musk, and Sam Altman).

Now, a decade after his NY Times bestseller S uperintelligence warned us of what could go wrong with AI development, he flips the script in his new book Deep Utopia: Life and Meaning in a Solved World (March 27), asking us to instead consider “What could go well?”

Ronan recently spoke to Professor Nick Bostrom.

May 15, 2024

‘Quantum-inspired’ laser computing is more effective than both supercomputing and quantum computing, startup claims

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, robotics/AI, supercomputing

The desktop-sized LPU100 eschews traditional electronics and qubits in favor of lasers, and it can reportedly perform complex AI calculations in nanoseconds.

May 15, 2024

Metalens expands its reach from light to sound

Posted by in category: innovation

Researchers at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) have achieved a breakthrough in surpassing the limitations of traditional acoustic metalenses. They have successfully developed the first wide field-of-hearing metalens. Their research has been published in Nature Communications.

Page 13 of 11,172First1011121314151617Last