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May 28, 2024

Researchers create dispersion-assisted photodetector to decipher high-dimensional light

Posted by in categories: materials, physics

Our is capable of demonstrating high spectral resolution and accurate reconstruction of full-Stokes polarization states in both theoretical and experimental settings. Precision detection of high-dimensional information by our photodetector, such as a two-color laser field with different polarization states or broadband reflection from a gold interface exhibiting varying states, is achieved beyond the capabilities of commercial polarimeter and spectrometer.

Additionally, this approach can be extended to imaging applications by sandwiching the film with a commercial microlens array and sensor array to realize ultra-compact high-dimensional imager, said Assistant Professor Chunqi Jin from the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (CIOMP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Looking ahead, Prof. Wei Li envisions that ultra-broadband detection can be achieved by integrating broadband commercial photodetectors; the detection resolution can be further improved by using , metasurfaces, and two-dimensional materials instead of existing thin film schemes; and the detection capability can be stepped up in higher dimensions by integrating functionalities such as , and distance measurement.

May 28, 2024

NASA Unveils Game-Changing Infrared Cameras for Earth and Space Exploration

Posted by in categories: innovation, space travel

Innovative infrared sensors developed by NASA increase resolution for Earth and space imaging, promising advancements in environmental monitoring and planetary science.

A newly developed infrared camera featuring high resolution and equipped with a range of lightweight filters has the potential to analyze sunlight reflected from Earth’s upper atmosphere and surface, enhance forest fire alerts, and uncover the molecular composition of other planets.

These cameras are equipped with sensitive, high-resolution strained-layer superlattice sensors, originally developed at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, funded through the Internal Research and Development (IRAD) program.

May 28, 2024

The Quantum Twist: Unveiling the Proton’s Hidden Spin

Posted by in categories: computing, particle physics, quantum physics

New research combining experimental and computational approaches provides deeper insights into proton spin contributions from gluons.

Nuclear physicists have been tirelessly exploring the origins of proton spin. A novel approach, merging experimental data with cutting-edge calculations, has now illuminated the spin contributions from gluons—the particles that bind protons. This advancement also sets the stage for three-dimensional imaging of the proton structure.

Joseph Karpie, a postdoctoral associate at the Center for Theoretical and Computational Physics (Theory Center) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, led this groundbreaking research.

May 28, 2024

Scientists Pinpoint Main Cause of Sensory Hypersensitivity in Autism

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, neuroscience

Sensory hypersensitivity in mice with the Grin2b gene mutation found in patients is related to hyperactivity of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and hyperconnectivity between the ACC and other brain regions. Credit: Institute for Basic Science.

Director Kim Eunjoon states, “This new research demonstrates the involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which has been known for its deep association with cognitive and social functions, in sensory hypersensitivity in autism.”

The hyperactivity of the ACC was also associated with the enhanced functional connectivity between the ACC and other brain areas. It is believed both hyperactivity and the hyperconnectivity of the ACC with various other brain regions are involved with sensory hypersensitivity in Grin2b-mutant mice.

May 28, 2024

New Research Reveals That Exercise Can Rewire Brains and Erase Traumatic Memories

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, health, neuroscience

Enhanced neuron growth in the hippocampus, achieved through exercise or genetic methods, aids mice in forgetting strong, maladaptive memories, offering potential for new treatments for PTSD or drug addiction.

Researchers at the University of Toronto, Canada, and Kyushu University, Japan, discovered that enhancing neuron production and subsequently altering neural connections in the hippocampus—through exercise or genetic intervention—enables mice to forget memories associated with trauma or drugs. The findings, reported in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, could offer a new approach to treating mental health conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or drug addiction.

PTSD is a mental health condition that can be triggered by experiencing or seeing a traumatic event, such as a natural disaster, serious accident, or attack. Worldwide, around 3.9% of the general population has PTSD, with symptoms including vivid flashbacks and avoidance behaviors, such as staying away from places or pushing away people that remind them of the traumatic event.

May 28, 2024

How AI is poised to unlock innovations at unprecedented pace

Posted by in categories: business, ethics, governance, internet, policy, robotics/AI, security

How can rapidly emerging #AI develop into a trustworthy, equitable force? Proactive policies and smart governance, says Salesforce.


These initial steps ignited AI policy conversations amid the acceleration of innovation and technological change. Just as personal computing democratized internet access and coding accessibility, fueling more technology creation, AI is the latest catalyst poised to unlock future innovations at an unprecedented pace. But with such powerful capabilities comes large responsibility: We must prioritize policies that allow us to harness its power while protecting against harm. To do so effectively, we must acknowledge and address the differences between enterprise and consumer AI.

Enterprise versus consumer AI

Continue reading “How AI is poised to unlock innovations at unprecedented pace” »

May 28, 2024

Stem cells, lab-grown meat, and potential new medical treatments, with Mark Kotter

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, business, food

Our guest in this episode is Dr. Mark Kotter. Mark is a neurosurgeon, stem cell biologist, and founder or co-founder of three biotech start-up companies that have collectively raised hundreds of millions of pounds: bit.bio, clock.bio, and Meatable.

In addition, Mark still conducts neurosurgeries on patients weekly at the University of Cambridge.

Continue reading “Stem cells, lab-grown meat, and potential new medical treatments, with Mark Kotter” »

May 28, 2024

How Ancient Viruses may be Connected to Human Psychiatric Disorders

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, evolution, genetics

The human genome is massive, and it contains many highly repetitive sequences that confounded researchers for years. Many of these repeats were simply written off as junk DNA that had no function. However, new research is revealing that many of these regions are much more important than we thought. Some of the repetitive portions of the genome are known to be human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). These sequences originated from viruses that infected human germ cells millions of years ago and affected our evolution. About eight percent of our genome is thought to be made up of HERVs. These HERVs have also been associated with a variety of psychiatric disorders, although the connection is unclear.

A new study reported in Nature Communications has suggested that HERVs are making a significant but unappreciated contribution to the development of psychiatric disorders, and that they may help explain a genetic component of these disorders that is thought to exist but has not yet been identified.

May 28, 2024

Turn This Pop-Up Book into Interactive Adventure with Light

Posted by in categories: entertainment, food, mapping

Lowtek Games combined the multifunctionality of a screen with the beauty of a pop-up book in a unique project that will take your imagination to another level. Codenamed Lowtek Lightbook, this interactive experience allows you to not only read stories but also play various games.

For example, you can color pictures with digital paints, find hidden objects, run away from aliens, or deliver food to them – all thanks to projection mapping and Lowtek Games’ clever thinking. Moreover, the story of Bib Goes Home can be even more engaging if you manually make Bib go home and explore his surroundings using a controller and a projector.

May 28, 2024

Tyler Goldstein’s Theory of Everyone: Sentient Singularity

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, singularity

Dive into the intriguing world of Sentient Singularity Theory, a groundbreaking framework that seeks to explain the interconnected nature of consciousness, cosmology, and metaphysics. Created by Tyler Goldstein, this theory posits that every particle and atom in the universe is a conscious participant in the grand dance of existence. Discover how the universe is viewed not just as a mechanical construct but as a living organism, where space, time, matter, and force emerge from the interactions of sentient beings. Join us as we explore the Four Primary Perspectives, the concept of infinite-oneness, and the idea of a self-simulating universe. Through this journey, we’ll challenge conventional understandings and delve deep into the philosophical and metaphysical implications of a Theory of Everyone. Don’t miss this thought-provoking exploration into the very fabric of reality.

#SentientSingularityTheory #Consciousness #Metaphysics #Cosmology #TheoryOfEverything.

Continue reading “Tyler Goldstein’s Theory of Everyone: Sentient Singularity” »

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