Archive for the ‘space’ category: Page 5

Feb 21, 2024

Uncle Sam’s On Mars: Frederik Pohl ‘MAN PLUS’ and Beyond (100 Must Read Science Fiction Novels) #sf

Posted by in categories: futurism, space

#booktube #sciencefictionbooks #bookcollecting Steve talks you through his preferred Pohl title and the great man’s career, with some sidebar digressions into the satiric thrust of his collaborator C.M. Kornbluth. Music: Steve Holmes ©

Feb 20, 2024

Galactic Symphony: The Oscillating Wonders of the Radcliffe Wave

Posted by in categories: mapping, space

“It’s the largest coherent structure that we know of, and it’s really, really close to us,” said study co-author, Dr. Catherine Zucker.

A recent study published in Nature investigates further evidence that a gaseous cloud both looks and behaves like an oscillating ocean wave, giving birth to new stars as it traverses the Milky Way Galaxy, which has since been dubbed the Radcliffe Wave. This study was conducted by an international team of researchers led by the Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian and holds the potential to help astronomers better understand the beautiful and fascinating aspects of our cosmos.

Image obtained from an animation of the Radcliffe Wave with our Sun (yellow dot). (Credit: Ralf Konietzka, Alyssa Goodman, and WorldWide Telescope)

Continue reading “Galactic Symphony: The Oscillating Wonders of the Radcliffe Wave” »

Feb 20, 2024

‘Stepping stone to Mars’: Minimoons may help us become an interplanetary species, says MIT astrophysicist Richard Binzel

Posted by in category: space

MIT researcher Richard Binzel has studied near-Earth asteroids for more than five decades and believes they could one day act as “space filling stations.”

Feb 19, 2024

Twinkle, twinkle: Scientists discover the smallest star ever observed

Posted by in category: space

The hot subdwarf star is smaller than Saturn and its discovery sheds light on the formation of hot subdwarf stars in binary systems.

Feb 19, 2024

EpiSci chosen for US AI hypersonic missile tracking system software

Posted by in categories: military, robotics/AI, space

EpiSci has won a $1.6 million contract with the US Space Development Agency to flesh out its AI-powered, hypersonic missile tracking system.

The SDA and EpiSci have partnered to create AI software that detects hypersonic missiles using satellite technology, AI, and advanced analytics.

Feb 19, 2024

Efficient and Sustainable Transplutonium Isotope Production: A New Diagnostic Approach

Posted by in categories: computing, military, nuclear energy, space, sustainability

In this study, a novel rapid diagnostic method was developed for optimizing the production of transplutonium isotope through high flux reactor irradiation. The proposed method was based on the concept of “Single Energy Interval Value (SEIV)” and “Energy Spectrum Total Value (ESTV)”, which significantly improved the production efficiency of isotopes such as 252Cf (by 15.08 times), 244Cm (by 65.20 times), 242Cm (by 11.98 times), and 238Pu (by 7.41 times). As a promising alternative to the traditional Monte Carlo burnup calculation method, this method offers a more efficient approach to evaluate radiation schemes and optimize the design parameters. The research discovery provides a theoretical basis for further refining the analysis of transplutonium isotope production, leading to more efficient and sustainable production methods. Future studies could focus on the implementation of energy spectrum conversion technology to further improve the optimal energy spectrum.

The production of transplutonium isotope, which are essential in numerous fields such as military and space technology, remains inefficient despite being produced through irradiation in a high flux reactor. Past studies on the optimization of transplutonium isotope production through irradiation in a high flux reactor have been limited by the computational complexity of traditional methods such as Monte Carlo burnup calculation. These limitations have hindered the refinement of the evaluation, screening, and optimization of the irradiation schemes. Hence, this research aimed to develop a rapid diagnostic method for evaluating radiation schemes that can improve the production efficiency of isotopes such as 252Cf, 244Cm, 242Cm, and 238Pu. The outcome of the study showed great potential in advancing the production of transplutonium isotope, which have numerous applications in fields such as military, energy, and space technology.

Continue reading “Efficient and Sustainable Transplutonium Isotope Production: A New Diagnostic Approach” »

Feb 18, 2024

Astronomers investigate what causes bright flashes in space

Posted by in categories: nuclear energy, space

Some of the oddest cosmic phenomena are short but tremendously powerful bursts of radio waves, which, in a fraction of a second, can give off as much energy as the sun does in a year. Known as fast radio bursts, these incredibly bright flashes of energy are thought to be related to dying stars called magnetars. Now, using two separate telescopes, astronomers have observed one of these events just a few minutes before and after it occurred, giving the best look yet at what causes these strange events.

Astronomers used NASA’s NICER (Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer) on the International Space Station and NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) in low-Earth orbit to observe a magnetar called SGR 1935+2154. Magnetars are a type of neutron star, the dense core left behind after a star collapses and with an extremely strong magnetic field. In October 2022, this magnetar gave off one of these strange, fast radio bursts.

Feb 17, 2024

NASA opens rare job opportunity to live in a Mars simulation for a year

Posted by in categories: food, space

Apply to live in NASA’s Mars simulation for one year, where a four-person crew grows crops, practices “Marswalks,” and exercises diligently.

Feb 17, 2024

SwRI scientists identify water molecules on asteroids for the first time

Posted by in category: space

SOFIA’s FORCAST instrument found water on dry asteroids.

Feb 17, 2024

NASA Telescopes Are Unlocking the Secrets Behind Mysterious Deep Space Signals

Posted by in categories: energy, space

Using two of the agency’s X-ray telescopes, researchers were able to zoom in on a dead star’s erratic behavior as it released a bright, brief burst of radio waves.

What’s causing mysterious bursts of radio waves from deep space? Astronomers may be a step closer to providing one answer to that question. Two NASA X-ray telescopes recently observed one such event – known as a fast radio burst – mere minutes before and after it occurred. This unprecedented view sets scientists on a path to better understand these extreme radio events.

While they only last for a fraction of a second, fast radio bursts can release about as much energy as the Sun does in a year. Their light also forms a laser-like beam, setting them apart from more chaotic cosmic explosions.

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