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Oct 3, 2022

How Microgrids are an Ideal Energy Solution for Rural and Remote Communities

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, mobile phones, robotics/AI

Microgrids are the right solution for rural and remote energy production and distribution because they are grids designed for smaller populations.

In the United States, there are at least 60,000 people who have no access to electricity. It is not a large number but poses for this population a barrier to participating in the modern world. You cannot find a job working from home without electricity and Internet access. You cannot visit your doctor virtually. You cannot use electricity to light and heat your home.

But with microgrids that can operate autonomously from the main power grid, rural and remote communities can do everything that people living in big cities can do leading to a better quality of life for those living there.

Continue reading “How Microgrids are an Ideal Energy Solution for Rural and Remote Communities” »

Oct 3, 2022

Heat-loving bacteria from an Antarctic volcano could help tackle oil contamination

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

A comprehensive analysis of bacterial communities from Deception Island, an active volcano in Antarctica, highlights the potential for using heat-loving bacteria to clean up oil contamination, new research led by KAUST researchers shows.

Júnia Schultz recently joined KAUST as a postdoc working with Alexandre Rosado. She has set her sights on characterizing the microbiome of extreme terrestrial environments in Saudi Arabia, including volcanoes, deserts and geothermal sites. These extremophiles, bacteria that grow in the world’s most extreme environments, including those that love heat (thermophiles), hold immense potential for a myriad of biotechnology applications.

“Extremophiles thrive under a multitude of hostile conditions and have adapted to remain metabolically active in challenging circumstances,” says Schultz. “They exhibit versatile, diverse metabolic and physiological capabilities and often synthesize valuable bioproducts.”

Oct 3, 2022

Increasing evidence a common virus triggers type 1 diabetes

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

A new systematic review has presented strong evidence the development of type 1 diabetes is linked to infection by enterovirus, a large group of common viruses. The findings build on a growing hypothesis linking the viruses to type 1 diabetes, with vaccines currently in development targeting the most likely viral strains.

The suggestion an enterovirus infection can trigger type 1 diabetes goes back more than 50 years, to a report published in 1969 that linked new-onset diabetes to recent infections with an enterovirus called Coxsackie B. Since then there have been a number of different studies published digging into this link, and the results have been frustratingly inconsistent.

A key 2011 study offered the first systematic review on the subject, focusing on modern molecular testing techniques (such as PCR tests). It found a clinically significant association between enterovirus infection and type 1 diabetes.

Continue reading “Increasing evidence a common virus triggers type 1 diabetes” »

Oct 3, 2022

Meet Amasia: Earth’s next supercontinent will form in the next 200–300 million years

Posted by in category: supercomputing

Now, researchers at the Earth Dynamics Research Group and the School of Earth and Planetary Sciences at New Curtin University have used a supercomputer to forecast what could be the likely effect of the movement of the giant tectonic plates.

The formation of continents

Continue reading “Meet Amasia: Earth’s next supercontinent will form in the next 200-300 million years” »

Oct 3, 2022

Nobel awarded to Swedish scientist who deciphered the Neanderthal genome

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Pääbo did groundbreaking work to sequence the genome of long-extinct Neanderthals, showing that they interbred with modern humans.

Oct 3, 2022

MetaBeat 2022

Posted by in category: business

Brought to you by the organizers of Transform and GamesBeat Summit: Into The Metaverse, MetaBeat will bring together metaverse thought leaders to give guidance on how metaverse technology will transform the way all industries communicate and do business.

Oct 3, 2022

Tim Cook is latest CEO to question the ‘metaverse’

Posted by in categories: augmented reality, virtual reality

“I always think it’s important that people understand what something is,” Cook told Dutch publication Bright (via Google Translate). “And I’m really not sure the average person can tell you what the metaverse is.” In other words, despite persistent reports of Apple’s interest in building all manner of AR and VR hardware, Cook isn’t ready to claim that the company is working towards any so-called “metaverse.”

Mark Zuckerberg has a different view. Earlier this year, the Meta CEO told his employees that the company is in a “very deep, philosophical competition” with Apple to build the metaverse. “This is a competition of philosophies and ideas, where they believe that by doing everything themselves and tightly integrating that they build a better consumer experience,” Zuckerberg said, contrasting what he says is Apple’s closed approach with Meta’s more interoperable development.

Oct 3, 2022

Artificial intelligence designs batteries that charge faster than humans can imagine

Posted by in categories: chemistry, particle physics, robotics/AI

An electrolyte moves ions – atoms that have been charged by either gaining or losing an electron – between the two electrodes in a battery. Lithium ions are created at the negative electrode, the anode, and flow to the cathode where they gain electrons. When a battery charges, the ions move back to the anode.

Battery innovations can take years to come to fruition because there are so many different chemicals involved in their production. Working out the ratio of chemicals and optimising them for peak use can be an arduous task.

However, when the research team used an automated arrangement of pumps, valves, vessels, and other lab equipment to mix together three potential solvents and one salt, and then fed those results through ‘Dragonfly’, they found that the AI delivered six solutions that out-performed an existing electrolyte solution.

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Oct 3, 2022

Physicist Apologizes for Fooling Public Into Thinking a Picture of Chorizo Was a Star

Posted by in category: futurism

But there was just one problem: it’s not Proxima Centauri.

In fact, this magnificent, planetary orb, a swirling masterpiece of dazzling reds and glowing orange, is just a slice of Spanish chorizo.

Now, Klein — who meant the post as a harmless prank — has had to make a public apology for causing any confusion.

Oct 3, 2022

New Discovery Means Parkinson’s Could Be Diagnosed With a Swab in Just 3 Minutes

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry, neuroscience

When it comes to developing treatments and eventual cures for diseases, being able to diagnose a condition early and accurately makes a huge difference – and scientists have now developed a quick, reliable method of identifying people with Parkinson’s disease.

The test can be run in as little as 3 minutes after a skin swab has been taken. The swab is analyzed for changes in the chemical mix of sebum, a natural waxy oil produced by the skin that has previously been linked to Parkinson’s.

At the moment, there’s no conclusive test for Parkinson’s disease – specialists look at symptoms, medical history, the results of a lengthy physical examination, and in some cases, a brain scan to diagnose the condition.

Continue reading “New Discovery Means Parkinson’s Could Be Diagnosed With a Swab in Just 3 Minutes” »

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