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Mar 2, 2024

Superconductivity in a van der Waals layered quasicrystal

Posted by in categories: materials, space

Recent theoretical studies36,37,38 have revealed that quasicrystalline superconductors exhibit several unconventional behaviors that are typically not observed in other known superconductors in periodic and disordered systems, thus opening a new field in the research of superconductivity. Nagai36 has studied superconducting tight-binding models of Penrose and Ammann Beenker lattices (typical two-dimensional quasicrystalline lattices) and demonstrated an intrinsic vortex pinning due to spatially inhomogeneous superconducting order parameter. Such an inhomogeneous order parameter arises from the quasicrystalline structural order, and therefore, the vortex pinning occurs without an impurity or defect. Sakai et al37. have investigated quasicrystalline superconductivity using an attractive Hubbard model on a Penrose lattice using the real-space dynamical mean-field theory. Unconventional spatially-extended Cooper pairs were formed; the sum of the momenta of the Cooper pair electrons was nonzero, in contrast to the zero total momentum of the Cooper pair in the conventional BCS superconductivity. Such a nonzero total momentum of the Cooper pair is also observed for the Fulde Ferrell Larkin Ovchinnikov (FFLO) state previously proposed for periodic systems39,40,41,42. However, the unconventional Cooper pairing in the model QC is completely different from the FFLO state because the Cooper pairing occurs under no magnetic field. In addition, under a high magnetic field, a state similar to the FFLO state is formed in the model QC38. However, this state is also different from the conventional FFLO state in periodic systems and forms a fractal-like spatial pattern of the oscillating superconducting order parameter, which is compatible with the self-similar structural order that is possessed by the QCs. As mentioned above, many interesting features are theoretically expected for superconducting QCs, which are yet to be demonstrated experimentally, and the Ta1.6 Te dodecagonal QC phase in the present study offers a precious platform for it.

In conclusion, polygrain Ta1.6 Te dodecagonal QC samples were fabricated by reaction sintering. Careful phase identification of the sample was performed by electron and powder X-ray diffraction experiments and diffraction-profile simulations. The samples were subjected to electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, and specific heat measurements. The results unconditionally validate the occurrence of bulk superconductivity at a \({T}_{{{{{{\rm{c}}}}}}}\) of ~1 K. This is the first example of superconductivity in thermodynamically stable QCs. These findings are expected to motivate further investigations into the physical properties of vdW layered quasicrystals as well as two-dimensional quasicrystals. In particular, the dodecagonal QC provides a valuable platform for the experimental demonstration of the unique superconductivity theoretically predicted for QCs.

Mar 2, 2024

Machine gun-wielding robot dogs are better sharpshooters, claims study

Posted by in categories: military, robotics/AI

A new Chinese study claims that machine gun-armed robot dogs are as accurate as trained human marksmen. If true, we could be about to witness a revolution of sorts in urban warfare.

The study conducted by Xu Cheng and his team “demonstrates the feasibility of a legged strike platform,” reports The South China Morning Post (SCMP).

Continue reading “Machine gun-wielding robot dogs are better sharpshooters, claims study” »

Mar 2, 2024

Former CIA agent shares her No. 1 secret to a highly productive and successful week

Posted by in category: futurism

Former CIA agent, CEO and author Rupal Patel reveals the time management strategy that sets her up for success throughout the week.

Mar 2, 2024

Reconfigurable perovskite X-ray detector for intelligent imaging

Posted by in categories: computing, electronics

In-sensor computing requires detectors with polarity reconfigurability and linear responsivity. Pang et al. report a CsPbBr3 perovskite single crystal X-ray detector for edge extraction imaging with a data compression ratio of 46.4% and classification task with an accuracy of 100%.

Mar 2, 2024

“There’s a lot of concern”: Doctors Demand Full Transparency After Being Frightened by Elon Musk’s Brain Chip Tech Neuralink

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, Elon Musk, neuroscience

Elon Musk has done a lot of things in his life but doctors demand answers from Musk after his Neuralink tech scared them.

Mar 2, 2024

Umbrella for atoms: The first protective layer for 2D quantum materials

Posted by in categories: computing, particle physics, quantum physics

As silicon-based computer chips approach their physical limitations in the quest for faster and smaller designs, the search for alternative materials that remain functional at atomic scales is one of science’s biggest challenges.

In a groundbreaking development, researchers at the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence have engineered a protective film that shields quantum semiconductor layers just one atom thick from environmental influences without compromising their revolutionary quantum properties. This puts the application of these delicate atomic layers in ultrathin within realistic reach. The findings have been published in Nature Communications.

Mar 2, 2024

Archaeologists Found an Ancient Roman Egg—and the Original Liquid Was Amazingly Inside

Posted by in category: futurism

The discovery has historians…scrambling to understand old-school diets.

Mar 2, 2024

Magnetizing water drops to make them hop

Posted by in categories: particle physics, transportation

A small combined team of material scientists from Sun Yat-sen University and Dalian University of Technology, both in China, has found that it is possible to make a single drop of water hop in desired ways by putting a magnetic particle inside of it and turning an electromagnet on and off. The research published in the journal ACS Nano.

The research team was investigating on-demand droplet transportation as part of a larger effort. To learn more about the possibility of inciting drops of liquid, in this case water, to move in desired ways, they set up several structures.

The researchers carved small grooves on a . The surface was then covered with a varnish known to prevent water absorption, thereby allowing droplets to form when splashed onto the surface. Once the droplets formed, the team placed a tiny piece of metal into each drop, where it was held in place by the forces that held the bubble shape. The entire surface was then placed over a set of electromagnets.

Mar 2, 2024

A promising leap towards computers with light-speed capabilities

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Scientists have created a reprogrammable light-based processor, a world-first, that they say could usher in a new era of quantum computing and communication.

Technologies in these emerging fields that operate at the atomic level are already realizing big benefits for drug discovery and other small-scale applications.

In the future, large-scale quantum computers promise to be able to solve complex problems that would be impossible for today’s computers.

Mar 2, 2024

Youngest neutron star detected turned 37 years old last Friday

Posted by in category: cosmology

The youngest neutron star detected so far turned 37 years old last week. To celebrate, James Webb Space Telescope has finally found the most direct evidence of it, hiding among the remains of the supernova cloud it was born in.

Usually when we’re talking about the age of astronomical objects, it’s in the millions or billions of years – so finding something that’s younger than Lady Gaga feels weird. Even weirder is being able to trace its birth to a specific date – February 23, 1987, meaning it just clocked over to its 37th birthday last Friday.

The reason we can so confidently pinpoint the date is because its birth was the result of an event that only happens once every few centuries: a supernova that’s close enough to be observed from Earth with the naked eye. SN 1987A lit up the night sky for a few months in early 1987, and was quickly traced to the Large Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy orbiting the Milky Way, about 168,000 light-years away. There, a blue supergiant star appeared to have collapsed and exploded, which should have left either a black hole or a neutron star.

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