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Jan 31, 2019

A gut punch fights cancer and infection

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health

The bacteria that live in our bodies have a pivotal role in the maintenance of our health, and can influence a range of conditions, such as obesity and cancer. Perhaps the most important role for the community of microorganisms that live in our gut — termed the microbiota, which include bacteria, fungi and archaea — is to aid immune-system development. Writing in Nature, Tanoue et al. report the identification of 11 strains of bacteria that reside in the guts of some healthy humans and that can boost immune responses that fight infection and cancer.

Microorganisms in the human gut can affect immune-system cells. Gut bacterial strains have been discovered that boost immune cells that have cell-killing capacity and that can target cancer and protect against infection. Human gut bacteria boost immune cells that have cell-killing capacity.

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Jan 31, 2019

Against Szabo’s Law, For A New Crypto Legal System

Posted by in category: law

“For A New Crypto Legal System”

Earlier this week (on Sunday night, in fact), I came across a definition and understanding of “legal systems” that has really cleared up a lot of things that have been weighing heavily on my mind for a long time. Here it is:

Legal systems are protocols for the management of disputes.

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Jan 31, 2019

Earth’s Lack Of Carbon May Have Saved It From Venus-Like Fate, Says Prize-Winning Astrochemist

Posted by in category: space

Astrochemists are chemically tracking our solar system’s building blocks of life back to interstellar space.

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Jan 31, 2019

Window Blinds Double as Solar Panels

Posted by in categories: solar power, sustainability

Beat the heat while generating electricity with solar panel blinds

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Jan 31, 2019

Study: Memories of music cannot be lost to Alzheimer’s and dementia

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, media & arts, neuroscience

The part of your brain responsible for ASMR catalogs music, and appears to be a stronghold against Alzheimer’s and dementia.

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Jan 30, 2019

Cancer patients could triple survival rates

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Common drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin may make huge difference.

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Jan 30, 2019

Experimental Brain-Computer Interface Translates Brain Signals into Recognizable Speech

Posted by in categories: computing, neuroscience

A team of researchers at Columbia University has developed a speech brain-computer interface system that translates brain signals into intelligible, recognizable speech. By monitoring someone’s brain activity, the system can reconstruct the words a person hears with unprecedented clarity. The breakthrough, reported in the journal Scientific Reports, could lead to new ways for computers to communicate directly with the brain, and lays the groundwork for helping people who cannot speak.

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Jan 30, 2019

New Ebola vaccine effective in trials with primates, ferrets

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Jan. 10 (UPI) — Scientists have developed a single dose treatment that has shown promise for combating all forms of the Ebola virus, a study says.

The new medication successfully blocked a strain of the deadly virus in nonhuman primates and ferrets, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.

The drug, a two-antibody combination called MBP134, was successful against several strains of Ebola, including the Zaire strain behind the current months-long outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Jan 30, 2019

Leprosy Vaccine Candidate Moves Into Human Trials

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Hansen’s disease, which is commonly known as leprosy, is among the leading causes of non-traumatic, peripheral neuropathies around the world.

The World Health Organization (WHO) initiated its ‘Leprosy Elimination Project’ during the 1980s with great results, curing more than 14 million cases.

Leprosy is caused by Mycobacterium leprae, with the infection progressing to cause disfiguration of the skin and mucous membranes, as well as progressive and irreversible nerve damage.

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Jan 30, 2019

Microsoft, Google Use Artificial Intelligence to Fight Hackers

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, security

Last year, Microsoft Corp.’s Azure security team detected suspicious activity in the cloud computing usage of a large retailer: One of the company’s administrators, who usually logs on from New York, was trying to gain entry from Romania. And no, the admin wasn’t on vacation. A hacker had broken in.

Microsoft quickly alerted its customer, and the attack was foiled before the intruder got too far.

Chalk one up to a new generation of artificially intelligent software that adapts to hackers’ constantly evolving tactics. Microsoft, Alphabet Inc.’s Google, Inc. and various startups are moving away from solely using older “rules-based” technology designed to respond to specific kinds of intrusion and deploying machine-learning algorithms that crunch massive amounts of data on logins, behavior and previous attacks to ferret out and stop hackers.

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