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Apr 17, 2019

Ray Kurzweil — Biotechnology and AI

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension, Ray Kurzweil, robotics/AI

There is a link to the full vid. “Life extension escape velocity in 10 years.” Here is currently my favorite go to link in support of this potential: https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2019/01/delivery-of-45-age-rev…eview.html

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Apr 17, 2019

World-record quantum computing result for Sydney teams

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor ‘spin qubits’, a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved using the theoretical work of quantum physicists at the University of Sydney Nano Institute and School of Physics.

The experimental result by University of New South Wales engineers demonstrated error rates as low as 0.043 percent, lower than any other spin qubit. The joint research paper by the Sydney and UNSW teams was published this week in Nature Electronics and is the journal’s cover story for April.

“Reducing errors in quantum computers is needed before they can be scaled up into useful machines,” said Professor Stephen Bartlett, a corresponding author of the paper.

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Apr 17, 2019

Biophotonic Therapy Can Destroy Bacteria and Viruses in Organs Before Transplantation

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

S\xC3O PAULO, April 16, 2019 — A new technique for decontaminating organs before transplantation using UV and red light irradiation has been developed by researchers at the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) in partnership with the University of Toronto. The biophotonic decontamination technique, which was initially developed to decontaminate lungs with viral infections such as hepatitis C, could help prevent transmission of diseases to organ recipients and increase the number of transplants.

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Apr 17, 2019

Robotic Machine Vision Solution Can Process Shiny Objects

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

A solution that enables industrial robots to scan and manipulate metallic objects that are too “shiny” for machine vision to process has been developed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and ROS-Industrial, the industry consortium initiated by SwRI in 2012 to support cost-shared applied R&D for advanced factory automation. The project integrates intelligent part reconstruction using the second generation of the Robot Operating System (ROS2) framework to improve 3D image perception when robots autonomously sand and finish parts.

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Apr 17, 2019

Transparent architecture

Posted by in categories: habitats, neuroscience

ETH spin-off Archilyse promises nothing less than the “world’s most comprehensive architecture analysis” on its website. The young entrepreneurs are attracting a lot of interest in the real estate sector.

Is a four-room apartment family-friendly or more suitable for a couple? How can office space be optimally divided so that its users feel comfortable? Archilyse helps to answer these kinds of questions. Based on address information, floor plans and 3D models, the ETH spin-off’s platform delivers various simulations and analyses of a property and makes them available to project developers, architects and real estate companies via an interface.

“A young family, for example, might be interested in the soundproofing between the children’s rooms and the , whether you can see the play area from the living room and whether the children’s rooms are bright enough to not impair the children’s cognitive abilities,” explains Archilyse founder Matthias Standfest.

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Apr 17, 2019

CRISPR has been used to treat US cancer patients for the first time

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics

The gene-editing tool has been used in a trial to enhance the blood cells of two patients with cancer.

The trial: The experimental research, under way at the University of Pennsylvania, involves genetically altering a person’s T cells so that they attack and destroy cancer. A university spokesman confirmed it has treated the first patients, one with sarcoma and one with multiple myeloma.

Slow start: Plans for the pioneering study were first reported in 2016, but it was slow to get started. Chinese hospitals, meanwhile, have launched a score of similar efforts. Carl June, the famed University of Pennsylvania cancer doctor, has compared the Chinese lead in employing CRISPR to a genetic Sputnik.

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Apr 17, 2019

Rega air rescue drone can autonomously search for missing persons

Posted by in categories: drones, food, robotics/AI

We’ve seen autonomous aircraft doing everything from spraying crops to surveying wildlife, and now the Swiss air rescue organization Rega has announced a drone that’s capable of searching for and finding missing people all on its own.

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Apr 17, 2019

Scientists detect the oldest type of molecule in the universe

Posted by in categories: chemistry, cosmology, particle physics

Back in the ancient universe, shortly after the Big Bang, the first atoms formed out of free particles. Only light elements like hydrogen and helium could form at high temperatures, but as the universe cooled, those atoms turned into every single thing we see in our world today. And now, scientists have spotted the type of molecule that formed the very first time two atoms combined.

Theories have predicted for decades that the first molecule that could form would be between the first two elements: hydrogen and helium. But the “helium hydride” molecule, as it’s known, had never been spotted before, Gizmodo explained. This led to some doubt as to whether this theory could even be true. But thanks to a modified Boeing 747 dubbed SOFIA, or Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, we have finally detected the elusive molecule in a far-off nebula called NGC 7027.

Now that it’s confirmed that the universe is capable of forming the helium hydride molecule naturally, this knowledge is helping astronomers better understand how the universe worked in the time just after the Big Bang. The research, published on Wednesday in the journal Nature, has made sense of the “dawn of chemistry,” the authors state. Read more about this exciting find at Gizmodo. Shivani Ishwar.

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Apr 17, 2019

Scientists Restore Some Function In The Brains Of Dead Pigs

Posted by in categories: health, neuroscience

Pig Brains Partly Revived By Scientists Hours After Animals Died : Shots — Health News The cells regained a startling amount of function, but the brains didn’t have activity linked with consciousness. Ethicists see challenges to assumptions about the irreversible nature of brain death.

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Apr 17, 2019

An Interstellar Rock Like ‘Oumuamua May Have Hit Earth In 2014

Posted by in categories: alien life, asteroid/comet impacts, existential risks

Unusual Trajectory

The new research hasn’t yet been published, but it’s available on the preprint server ArXiv as of Monday. In it, Harvard astronomer Avi Loeb — the same dude who doubled down on the idea that ‘Oumuamua could be an alien spacecraft — suggests that a three-foot-wide interstellar meteor flew over Papa New Guinea’s Manus Island before crashing down.

Because of the meteor’s high speed and particular trajectory past Earth, Loeb and his student Amir Suraj suggest that it couldn’t have been bound in an orbit about the Sun. Rather, they argue, it might have come from somewhere beyond our solar system.

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