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Feb 23, 2024

Scientists closer to solving mysteries of universe after measuring gravity in quantum world

Posted by in category: quantum physics

Scientists are a step closer to unravelling the mysterious forces of the universe after working out how to measure gravity on a microscopic level.

Experts have never fully understood how the force which was discovered by Isaac Newton works in the tiny quantum world.

Even Einstein was baffled by quantum gravity and, in his theory of general relativity, said there is no realistic experiment which could show a quantum version of gravity.

Feb 23, 2024

Some Of Earth’s Oldest Biomass Reveals Biological Diversity Soon After Life Began

Posted by in category: biological

We can’t tell much about their nature, but now we know early lifeforms included different types of organisms.

Feb 23, 2024

Air Pollution Crisis: Harvard Study Urges Stricter Standards to Protect Senior Heart Health

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health

“The timing of our study couldn’t be more critical, and its implications are profound,” said Dr. Yaguang Wei.

What impact can severe air pollution have on the health of senior citizens? This is what a recent study published in BMJ hopes to address as a team of researchers led by Harvard University investigated how over-exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) for senior citizens could lead to hospitalizations for seven major cardiovascular disease (CVD) subtypes, including heart failure, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia, cerebrovascular disease, cardiomyopathy, abdominal aortic aneurysms, and thoracic aortic aneurysms. This study holds the potential to help scientists, medical professionals, and the public better understand the long-term health risks for severe air pollution, especially with climate change effects continuing to increase worldwide.

For the study, the researchers analyzed 59,761,494 Medicare fee-for-service recipients 65 years of age and older between 2000 and 2016 and compared them to air pollution data during that same period. Each of the recipients were tracked every year until their first hospitalization for one of the seven major CVD subtypes, and the researchers produced a map based on the recipients’ ZIP codes. In the end, the researchers discovered the average exposure time from air pollution to a recipients’ first hospitalization was three years, in addition to determining their exposure to PM2.5 was above the acceptable threshold outlined by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Continue reading “Air Pollution Crisis: Harvard Study Urges Stricter Standards to Protect Senior Heart Health” »

Feb 23, 2024

Universality and Complexity in Natural Languages: Mechanistic and Emergent

Posted by in category: mathematics

What is universal in natural languages? To answer that, deep connections need to be made between universal grammar, written codes, statistical patterns and Universal Turing machines.

Human language is a prime example of a complex system characterized by multiple scales of description. Understanding its origins and distinctiveness has sparked investigations with very different approaches, ranging from the Universal Grammar to statistical analyses of word usage, all of which highlight, from different angles, the potential existence of universal patterns shared by all languages. Yet, a cohesive perspective remains elusive. In this paper we address this challenge. First, we provide a basic structure of universality, and define recursion as a special case thereof. We cast generative grammars of formal languages, the Universal Grammar and the Greenberg Universals in our basic structure of universality, and compare their mathematical properties. We then define universality for writing systems and show that only those using the rebus principle are universal.

Feb 23, 2024

Study: Protein Indicates Likely Success of Cancer Immunotherapy

Posted by in category: biotech/medical

Researchers at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology have discovered a way to potentially predict the success of immunotherapy treatment in cancer patients.

Immunotherapy involves encouraging the body’s immune system to attack the cancer cells. This can be complicated by the cancer cells “hiding” within the body or the immune system itself being reluctant to attack the cancer cells due to the threat to healthy surrounding cells.

And, while it has been proven to be a successful treatment against cancer, immunotherapy is only effective in around 40 percent of patients.

Feb 23, 2024

Physicists Say Magnets Offer Room Temperature Quantum Computing

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

The Quantum Insider (TQI) is the leading online resource dedicated exclusively to Quantum Computing.

Feb 23, 2024

Long-Term Outcomes of Transcatheter vs. Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, cyborgs, evolution

Dr. David Cohen comments on 10-year results from a trial of transcatheter vs. surgical aortic valve replacement:

Over the past decade, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has evolved from a niche procedure to treat severe aortic stenosis in high-risk patients to a mainstream procedure that is also performed in intermediate-and low-risk patients. With this evolution in practice, the large number of younger patients with life expectancies 10 years now receiving TAVR has raised concerns about its durability and patients’ long-term outcomes. Now, 10-year results are available from the NOTION trial of TAVR versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) that was conducted between 2009 and 2013 (NEJM JW Cardiol May 29 2015 and J Am Coll Cardiol 2015; 65:2184).

Two hundred eighty patients aged 70 years (mean age, 79 years; mean predicted risk of surgical mortality, 3%) were randomized to SAVR using any commercially available bioprosthesis or TAVR using the first-generation self-expanding CoreValve device. At 10-year follow-up, there was no significant between-group difference in the composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction (66% for both groups) or any of the individual components. Rates of bioprosthetic valve failure and repeat valve intervention were also similar. However, the rate of bioprosthetic valve dysfunction was lower with TAVR, largely reflecting lower rates of patient–prosthesis mismatch. The rate of structural valve deterioration was lower with TAVR as well, driven mainly by lower transvalvular gradients with TAVR that emerged early and persisted throughout follow-up.

Continue reading “Long-Term Outcomes of Transcatheter vs. Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement” »

Feb 23, 2024


Posted by in category: evolution

Postbiological evolution.

Shared with Dropbox.

Feb 23, 2024


Posted by in category: futurism

Reminding forgetful organic neuromorphic networks.

Shared with Dropbox.

Feb 23, 2024

Never-Repeating Tiles Can Safeguard Quantum Information

Posted by in category: quantum physics

Two researchers have proved that Penrose tilings, famous patterns that never repeat, are mathematically equivalent to a kind of quantum error correction.

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