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Feb 23, 2024

A Kenyan start-up turns plastic waste into solar-powered freezers

Posted by in category: sustainability

A Kenyan company is proving the saying: “one person’s waste is another person’s treasure,” still rings true.

On a February morning, a group of women on a Mombasa beach pick up plastic waste that will serve to build freezers.

The waste is sold to company Kuza Freezer where employees first break it down into pellets before moulding it into cold storage units.

Feb 23, 2024

NASA will pay 4 health-conscious ‘astronaut-like’ people to live inside a Mars simulation for 378 days. See if you qualify

Posted by in categories: health, space

NASA opened applications for people to live a paid year in its CHAPEA Mars simulation. The job requires an agreeable personality and STEM degree.

Feb 23, 2024

Researchers Discover Cosmic Dust Storms from Type 1a Supernova

Posted by in category: cosmology

Cosmic dust—like dust on Earth—comprises groupings of molecules that have condensed and stuck together in a grain. But the exact nature of dust creation in the universe has long been a mystery. Now, however, an international team of astronomers from China, the United States, Chile, the United Kingdom, Spain, etc., has made a significant discovery by identifying a previously unknown source of dust in the universe: a Type 1a supernova interacting with gas from its surroundings.

The study was published in Nature Astronomy on Feb. 9, and was led by Prof. Wang Lingzhi from the South America Center for Astronomy of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Supernovae have been known to play a role in dust formation, and to date, dust formation has only been seen in core-collapse supernovae—the explosion of massive stars. Since core-collapse supernovae do not occur in elliptical galaxies, the nature of dust creation in such galaxies has remained elusive.

Feb 23, 2024

AI in the Developing World: How ‘Tiny Machine Learning’ can have a Big Impact

Posted by in categories: mobile phones, robotics/AI

The landscape of artificial intelligence (AI) applications has traditionally been dominated by the use of resource-intensive servers centralized in industrialized nations. However, recent years have witnessed the emergence of small, energy-efficient devices for AI applications, a concept known as tiny machine learning (TinyML).

We’re most familiar with consumer-facing applications such as Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant, but the limited cost and small size of such devices allow them to be deployed in the field. For example, the technology has been used to detect mosquito wingbeats and so help prevent the spread of malaria. It’s also been part of the development of low-power animal collars to support conservation efforts.

Small size, big impact Distinguished by their small size and low cost, TinyML devices operate within constraints reminiscent of the dawn of the personal-computer era—memory is measured in kilobytes and hardware can be had for as little as US$1. This is possible because TinyML doesn’t require a laptop computer or even a mobile phone. Instead, it can instead run on simple microcontrollers that power standard electronic components worldwide. In fact, given that there are already 250 billion microcontrollers deployed globally, devices that support TinyML are already available at scale.

Feb 23, 2024

Google reveals next-generation AI model

Posted by in categories: innovation, robotics/AI

Gemini 1.5 Pro includes a breakthrough in long-context understanding, handling up to 1 million tokens. It can also decipher the content of videos and describe what is happening in a scene.

In the world of large language models (LLMs) like ChatGPT, so-called “tokens” are the fundamental units of text that these models process, akin to words, punctuation, or parts of words in human language.

Feb 23, 2024

Physical effects of learning

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Interacting many-body physical systems ranging from neural networks in the brain to folding proteins to self-modifying electrical circuits can learn to perform diverse tasks. This learning, both in nature and in engineered systems, can occur through evolutionary selection or through dynamical rules that drive active learning from experience. Here, we show that learning in linear physical networks with weak input signals leaves architectural imprints on the Hessian of a physical system. Compared to a generic organization of the system components, (a) the effective physical dimension of the response to inputs decreases, (b) the response of physical degrees of freedom to random perturbations (or system “susceptibility’‘) increases, and © the low-eigenvalue eigenvectors of the Hessian align with the task.

Feb 23, 2024

Neuralink’s first human patient able to use mouse through thinking says Elon Musk | WION Originals

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, Elon Musk, neuroscience

Neuralink’s first human patient able to use mouse…:

Elon Musk is the visionary behind Neuralink. He announced that the first human recipient of the company’s brain chip implant has fully recovered. The individual has demonstrated the ability to use a computer mouse solely through thoughts. Watch this video for all details.

Continue reading “Neuralink’s first human patient able to use mouse through thinking says Elon Musk | WION Originals” »

Feb 23, 2024

How to watch the first US moon landing in 50 years

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, space travel

Recorded earlier

A robotic spacecraft is expected to touch down on the moon’s surface Thursday night, in what will mark the United States’s first uncrewed commercial moon landing.

Feb 23, 2024

Moon landing live updates: Odysseus completes first U.S. lunar landing since 1972

Posted by in category: space

This is additional taxonomy that helps us with analytics.

Feb 23, 2024

Artilux Shatters Physics Boundaries with Room-Temperature SWIR Sensor Breakthrough

Posted by in categories: innovation, physics

Toward widespread SPAD sensors for night vision and other uses.

Discover how Artilux’s new GeSi SPAD, operating at room temperature, revolutionizes CMOS-based SWIR sensing and imaging technology. Explore the applications, implications, and the new standard set in photonics.

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