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May 15, 2024

Uneven strain distribution induces detwinning in penta-twinned nanoparticles

Posted by in category: nanotechnology

Twinned nanoparticles have regions of clear symmetry that share the same crystal lattice, separated by a clear boundary. Changing the twin structure can affect the properties of the nanoparticles, which makes controlling twinning to create tailored nanomaterials an active area of research.

May 15, 2024

Physicists demonstrate first metro-area quantum computer network in Boston

Posted by in categories: computing, internet, quantum physics

It’s one thing to dream up a quantum internet that could send hacker-proof information around the world via photons superimposed in different quantum states. It’s quite another to physically show it’s possible.

May 15, 2024

A Groundbreaking Scientific Discovery Just Created the Instruction Manual for Light-Speed Travel

Posted by in categories: physics, space travel

In a first for warp drives, this research actually obeys the laws of physics.

May 15, 2024

SamuelSchmidgall/AgentClinic: Agent benchmark for medical diagnosis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, robotics/AI

From Stanford, Albert Einstein, & Johns Hopkins U: a multimodal agent benchmark to evaluate AI in simulated clinical environments.

From stanford, albert einstein, & johns hopkins U

AgentClinic: a multimodal agent benchmark to evaluate AI in simulated clinical environments abs: project page: code:

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May 15, 2024

Google Veo, a serious swing at AI-generated video, debuts at Google I/O 2024

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

At Google I/O, Google previewed a generative AI model that can create videos at 1080p around a minute in length.

May 15, 2024

Google announces Gemma 2, a 27B-parameter version of its open model, launching in June

Posted by in category: futurism

The headline-grabbing release here is Gemma 2, the next generation of Google’s open-weights Gemma models, which will launch with a 27 billion parameter model in June.

Already available is PaliGemma, a pre-trained Gemma variant that Google describes as “the first vision language model in the Gemma family” for image captioning, image labeling and visual Q&A use cases.

So far, the standard Gemma models, which launched earlier this year, were only available in 2-billion-parameter and 7-billion-parameter versions, making this new 27-billion model quite a step up.

May 15, 2024

Tomato Genetics: A Unexpected Journey Into a “Parallel Universe”

Posted by in categories: cosmology, genetics

In a new study recently published by Science Advances, Michigan State University researchers reveal an unexpected genetic revelation about the sugars found in “tomato tar,” shedding light on plant defense mechanisms and their potential applications in pest control.

Tomato tar, a familiar nuisance of avid gardeners, is the sticky, gold-black substance that clings to hands after touching the plant. It turns out that the characteristic stickiness of the substance serves an important purpose. It’s made of a type of sugar called acylsugar that acts as a natural flypaper for would-be pests. “Plants have evolved to make so many amazing poisons and other biologically active compounds,” said Michigan State researcher Robert Last, leader of the study. The Last lab specializes in acylsugars and the tiny, hair-like structures where they’re produced and stored, known as trichomes.

In a surprising discovery, researchers have found acylsugars, once thought to be found exclusively in trichomes, in tomato roots as well. This finding is a genetic enigma that raises as many questions as it does insights.

May 15, 2024

Cannabis compound’s neuroprotective properties revealed — could be key to treating Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Currently, treatments are largely limited to symptomatic relief rather than addressing the underlying disease progression. Given this gap in treatment options, there is a significant need for new therapies that can protect brain cells and potentially reverse damage.

Cannabinol (CBN), a compound derived from the cannabis plant, has emerged as a candidate for such treatments due to its neuroprotective properties, which are evident without the psychoactive effects associated with other cannabinoids like THC.

Previous studies indicated that CBN could help preserve mitochondrial function in brain cells, an essential factor for cell survival and energy production. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a common feature in several neurodegenerative diseases, often leading to cell death. By focusing on CBN and its derivatives, researchers aimed to develop new pharmacological strategies to prevent or mitigate the cellular mechanisms that lead to neurodegeneration.

May 15, 2024

Why mathematics is set to be revolutionized by AI

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

Cheap data and the absence of coincidences make maths an ideal testing ground for AI-assisted discovery — but only humans will be able to tell good conjectures from bad ones.

May 15, 2024

AI-powered tutor Khanmigo by Khan Academy: Your 24/7 homework helper

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

Did you hear the news? OpenAI’s newest model can reason across audio, vision, and text in real time.

How does GPT-4o do with math tutoring? 🤔

Sal and his son test it out on a Khan Academy math problem.

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