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Jan 23, 2016

Study suggests the Internet really could out-evolve humanity

Posted by in categories: evolution, internet, robotics/AI

This article was written by Michael Gillings, Darrell Kemp, and Martin Hilbert from the University of California, Davis, and was originally published by The Conversation.

Living things accumulate and reproduce information. That’s really the driving principle behind life, and behind evolution. But humans have invented a new method of accumulating and reproducing information. It’s digital information, and it’s growing at an astonishing speed. The number of people using the internet is growing, as are the devices connected to it through the Internet of Things.

Digital information can copy itself perfectly, increases in copy number with every download or view, can be modified (mutated), or combined to generate novel information packets. And it can be expressed through artificial intelligence. These are characteristics similar to living things. So we should probably start thinking about digital technology as being like an organism that can evolve.

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Jan 23, 2016

New Algorithm May Someday Enable Scientists to Regrow Limbs and Replace Damaged Organs

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, information science, life extension, neuroscience

A new algorithm has been developed that will drastically reduce the time and effort needed to create induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). As a result of this breakthrough, we can expect a dramatic revolution in regenerative medicine in the near future.

What if you could directly reprogram cells to develop into whatever you wished? What if you could take an undifferentiated, incipient cell, full of the unrealized potential to become any one of the many specialized cells in the human body, and nudge it into becoming ocular tissue, or neural cells, even a new heart to replace an old or damaged one?

This is the promise afforded by Mogrify, the result of the application of computational and mathematical science to the problems of medicine and biology. It was developed by an international collaboration of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore, the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, Monash University in Australia, and RIKEN in Japan. The new research was published online in the journal Nature Genetics.

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Jan 23, 2016

Researchers have achieved the next breakthrough in quantum physics

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, supercomputing

An international team of scientists has managed to create a quantum knot for the first time — a fundamental breakthrough in quantum physics that could one day help power the supercomputers of the future.

These knots aren’t quite the same as the ones you might tie to moor a boat to a jetty — they’ve been made in a superfluid form of quantum matter called Bose-Einstein Condensate, or BEC, and are more like smoke rings than traditional knots.

“For decades, physicists have been theoretically predicting that it should be possible to have knots in quantum fields, but nobody else has been able to make one,” said lead researcher, Mikko Möttönen.

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Jan 23, 2016

5 Down-To-Earth Takeaways From ‘The Martian’

Posted by in categories: entertainment, materials, space travel

Glad to see The Martian get some Academy Award action; as much as I liked the novel, I found the film to be as good or better, which is rare. And I also found it to be personally inspiring in a way that few science fiction films are. But the point I’m trying to make here is that; we aren’t that far from Hermes-type spacecraft for interplanetary transfer. It’s not out of the realm of possibilities. I wonder if any of you feel the same way.

With six Academy Award nominations, the celebrated film adaptation of Andy Weir’s novel “The Martian” has been the perfect tonic for rousing interest in human missions to Mars.

But as good as the book truly is, the film transcends its source material about a stranded Mars astronaut with some practical takeaways that are as inspiring as any out there. They include:

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Jan 22, 2016

Blue Origin beats SpaceX to re-launching a reusable rocket

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, space travel

Blue Origin just launched and landed its suborbital rocket New Shepard — the same vehicle the company flew and then landed in November. The booster reached a maximum altitude of 333,582 feet, or 63 miles, above the Earth’s surface, before landing gently back at Blue Origin’s test facility in Texas. That makes it the first commercial vertical rocket to launch into space a second time.

It also means Blue Origin has seemingly beaten rival SpaceX yet again in the race to reuse rockets. SpaceX successfully landed one of its Falcon 9 rockets post-launch back in December for the first time, just a month after Blue Origin did. However, CEO Elon Musk said that particular rocket will never be launched again, as the company considers it too special to reuse. SpaceX tried to land another rocket last week, but the vehicle ultimately fell over and exploded, making it impossible to fly again.

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Jan 22, 2016

Type with your BRAIN: Mind monitor may lead to breakthrough in human-computer interaction

Posted by in categories: computing, neuroscience, wearables

Wow — luv what the Univ. CA San Diego is doing & its portable too. 1 step forward for BMI possibilities.

Researchers claim they have developed the world’s first portable brain monitoring system that works as well as laboratory equipment. The feat was achieved by researchers at the University of California San Diego who created a 64-channel wearable brain monitor.

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Jan 22, 2016

How ‘artificial swarm intelligence’ uses people to make better predictions than experts

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

I have seen this model so many times over the decades. And, I even was engaged in some of these experiments in the past. The continued problem we saw is “subjective reasoning” by humans which makes the experiments flawed.

And, as Yampolskiy suggested this is not true AI; it is using human insights and identifying patterns based on human input whch also includes subjective reasoning.

While AI focuses on creating intelligent machines that perform human tasks, a human-based algorithm, harnessing the power of the crowd to make predictions, shows remarkable accuracy.

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Jan 22, 2016

DARPA’s to-be built wetware to prove immensely beneficial in medicine field

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, business, computing, electronics, engineering, health, neuroscience, supercomputing, transportation

BMI is an area that will only explode when the first set of successful tests are presented to the public. I suggest investors, technologists, and researchers keep an eye on this one because it’s own impact to the world is truly inmense especially when you realize BMI changes everything in who we view how we process and connect with others, business, our homes, public services, transportation, healthcare, etc.

Implantable brain-machine interfaces (BMI) that will allow their users to control computers with thoughts alone will soon going to be a reality. DARPA has announced its plans to make such wetware. The interface would not be more than two nickels placed one on the other.

These implantable chips as per the DARPA will ‘open the channel between the human brain and modern electronics’. Though DARPA researchers have earlier also made few attempts to come up with a brain-machine interface, previous versions were having limited working.

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Jan 22, 2016

London startup ‘Babylon’ thinks its AI doctor could predict your future health

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, education, engineering, evolution, health, robotics/AI, singularity

Welcome to a new age of AI Healthcare
Although we’re in the early release/ deployment stages of the AI doctor experience and compound that with a 10 year evolution of technology and health science being intertwined together as one/ Singularity; could we see a day soon when technology and engineering graduates having their own education include medical school? Definitely could be as we move more into a singularity future and as the many of the routine patient services evolve to AI and Robotics.

Granted, companies hire today doctors and nurses, etc. to consult their engineers and techies; however, Singularity and as we evolve to it, will require engineers and techies to have their own level of a in-depth medical background/ knowledge due to it’s complexity. Now, imagine the change and transformation that will be required across our educational system as well in order for us to be prepared for this new future.

London-based digital healthcare startup, Babylon is an artificially intelligent ‘doctor’ that aims to prevent illnesses before they occur. To do this, the program tracks your daily habits, diagnosis illness based on symptoms and integrating data about heart rate, diet and medical records.

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Jan 22, 2016

Physicists Propose the First Scheme to Teleport the Memory of an Organism

Posted by in categories: futurism, quantum physics

Quantum teleportation between two microorganisms could be happening in the near future.

Prof. Tongcang Li at Purdue University and Dr. Zhang-gi Yin at Tsinghua University just proposed the first scheme to use electro-mechanical oscillators and superconducting circuits to teleport the internal quantum state (memory) and center-of-mass motion state of a microorganism.

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