Archive for the ‘policy’ category

Apr 15, 2024

Dataset Reset Policy Optimization for RLHF

Posted by in category: policy

From Cornell, Princeton, & Microsoft.

Dataset Reset Policy Optimization for RLHF

Reinforcement Learning (RL) from Human Preference-based feedback is a popular paradigm for fine-tuning generative models, which has produced impressive models such as GPT-4 and…

Continue reading “Dataset Reset Policy Optimization for RLHF” »

Apr 14, 2024

Moore’s Law for Everything

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, economics, law, policy, robotics/AI

Fascinating vision/plan by the one and only Sam Altman of how to update our economic systems to benefit everyone in the context of rapidly accelerating technological change.

My work at OpenAI reminds me every day about the magnitude of the socioeconomic change that is coming sooner than most people believe. Software that can think and learn will do more and more of the work that people now do. Even more power will shift from labor to capital. If public policy doesn’t adapt accordingly, most people will end up worse off than they are today.

We need to design a system that embraces this technological future and taxes the assets that will make up most of the value in that world–companies and land–in order to fairly distribute some of the coming wealth. Doing so can make the society of the future much less divisive and enable everyone to participate in its gains.

Continue reading “Moore’s Law for Everything” »

Apr 11, 2024

Researchers at Stanford and MIT Introduced the Stream of Search (SoS): A Machine Learning Framework that Enables Language Models to Learn to Solve Problems by Searching in Language without Any External Support

Posted by in categories: information science, policy, robotics/AI

Language models often need more exposure to fruitful mistakes during training, hindering their ability to anticipate consequences beyond the next token. LMs must improve their capacity for complex decision-making, planning, and reasoning. Transformer-based models struggle with planning due to error snowballing and difficulty in lookahead tasks. While some efforts have integrated symbolic search algorithms to address these issues, they merely supplement language models during inference. Yet, enabling language models to search for training could facilitate self-improvement, fostering more adaptable strategies to tackle challenges like error compounding and look-ahead tasks.

Researchers from Stanford University, MIT, and Harvey Mudd have devised a method to teach language models how to search and backtrack by representing the search process as a serialized string, Stream of Search (SoS). They proposed a unified language for search, demonstrated through the game of Countdown. Pretraining a transformer-based language model on streams of search increased accuracy by 25%, while further finetuning with policy improvement methods led to solving 36% of previously unsolved problems. This showcases that language models can learn to solve problems via search, self-improve, and discover new strategies autonomously.

Recent studies integrate language models into search and planning systems, employing them to generate and assess potential actions or states. These methods utilize symbolic search algorithms like BFS or DFS for exploration strategy. However, LMs primarily serve for inference, needing improved reasoning ability. Conversely, in-context demonstrations illustrate search procedures using language, enabling the LM to conduct tree searches accordingly. Yet, these methods are limited by the demonstrated procedures. Process supervision involves training an external verifier model to provide detailed feedback for LM training, outperforming outcome supervision but requiring extensive labeled data.

Apr 11, 2024

EdTech Monday: Artificial Intelligence in Education

Posted by in categories: education, policy, robotics/AI

The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in education has seen an increase in recent years. The rapid development of this new technology is having a major impact on education. In this edition of Edtech Mondays we will talk about the applications and benefits of AI in the education sector, the necessary implementation frameworks, the policy support and also seek to hear from the end users on the impact AI has or would have.

Mar 31, 2024

Steve Jobs adopted a no ‘bozos’ policy and said the best managers are those who never wanted the job—here are his 3 best management tips

Posted by in category: policy

Hiring only for ‘professional management’ doesn’t work, Steve Jobs said.

Mar 28, 2024

Tesla Supercharger NACS access clarified by TSLA Exec

Posted by in categories: business, policy, sustainability, transportation

Tesla executive Rohan Patel clarified some facts about Supercharger NACS access for non-Tesla vehicles like Rivian and Ford.

Patel—Tesla’s Vice President of Public Policy and Business Development—recently replied to a question from Teslavangelist, who questioned the number of Supercharger stalls non-Tesla owners actually had access to with NACS connectors.

Tesla recently opened the Supercharger Network to Ford and Rivian electric vehicles (EVs) through its NACS connecter. Both automakers claim that NACS connectors provide Ford and Rivian owners access to over 15,000 Tesla Supercharger locations. Teslavangelist pointed out that non-Tesla EV owners only have access to V3 and V4 Superchargers, doubting they have access to 15,000 Supercharger stalls.

Mar 22, 2024

User Horrified When Glassdoor, a Site for Trashing Your Boss, Starts Adding Real Names

Posted by in category: policy

Until recently, Glassdoor allowed users to anonymously trash talk their employers — but the site has apparently changed that policy.

Mar 21, 2024

Driving Everywhere with Large Language Model Policy Adaptation

Posted by in categories: policy, robotics/AI, transportation

Nvidia presents Driving Everywhere with Large Language Model Policy Adaptation LLaDA is a simple yet powerful tool that enables human drivers and autonomous vehicles alike to by adapting their tasks and motion plans to traffic rules.

Nvidia presents Driving Everywhere with Large Language Model Policy Adaptation.

LLaDA is a simple yet powerful tool that enables human drivers and autonomous vehicles alike to by adapting their tasks and motion plans to traffic rules.

Continue reading “Driving Everywhere with Large Language Model Policy Adaptation” »

Mar 19, 2024

Chinese scholars unveil draft on artificial intelligence law

Posted by in categories: law, policy, robotics/AI, security

On Saturday, Chinese scholars unveiled a preliminary proposal draft in Beijing that could potentially shape the nation’s forthcoming artificial intelligence (AI) law.

The proposal draft pays attention to the development issues of industrial practice in the three areas of data, computing power and algorithms, Zhao Jingwu, an associate professor from BeiHang University Law School, told the Global Times.

Zhao said that the proposal also introduces the AI insurance system that encourages the intervention of the insurance market through policy incentives, exploring insurance products suitable for the AI industry. In addition, it proposes the enhancement of citizens’ digital literacy, aiming to prevent and control the security risks of the technology from the user end.

Mar 15, 2024

India cuts import taxes on EVs in win for Tesla’s entry plans

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, government, policy, sustainability, transportation

India will lower import taxes on certain electric vehicles for companies committing to invest at least $500 million and setting up a local manufacturing facility within three years, a policy shift that could potentially bolster Tesla’s plans to enter the South Asian market.

Companies must invest a minimum of $500 million in the country and will have three years to establish local manufacturing for EVs with at least 25% of components sourced domestically, according to a government press release on Friday. Firms meeting these requirements will be allowed to import 8,000 EVs a year at a reduced import duty of 15% on cars costing $35,000 and above. India currently levies a tax of 70% to 100% on imported cars depending on their value.

The policy change is likely going to pave the way for Tesla to enter India, as the Elon Musk-led company has been in talks with the government to lower import duties on its electric cars for years. The move also aligns with India’s goal to boost the adoption of EVs and reduce its dependence on oil imports, with the country setting a target of achieving 30% electric car sales by 2030.

Page 1 of 8812345678Last