Archive for the ‘information science’ category

Dec 6, 2016

Evolution’s Brutally Simple Rules Can Make Machines More Creative

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biological, computing, economics, information science

Creative Machines; however, are they truly without a built in bias due to their own creator/s?

Despite nature’s bewildering complexity, the driving force behind it is incredibly simple. ‘Survival of the fittest’ is an uncomplicated but brutally effective optimization strategy that has allowed life to solve complex problems, like vision and flight, and colonize the harshest of environments.

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Dec 6, 2016

New Developments in Quantum Computing Impact Bitcoin

Posted by in categories: bitcoin, computing, encryption, information science, quantum physics

Quantum computing might be closer than we thought, thanks to a series of newly developed scientific methods. Furthermore, a new implementation of Shor’s algorithm increases the urgency of getting Bitcoin ready for the advent of quantum computing.

Also read: NIST Starts Developing Quantum-Resistant Cryptography Standards.

Dec 5, 2016

The 10 Algorithms Machine Learning Engineers Need to Know

Posted by in categories: entertainment, information science, robotics/AI

Read this introductory list of contemporary machine learning algorithms of importance that every engineer should understand.

By James Le, New Story Charity.

Blackboard header

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Dec 4, 2016

Breakthrough prize awards $25m to researchers at ‘Oscars of science’

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, information science, quantum physics, science

It is not often that a scientist walks the red carpet at a Silicon Valley party and has Morgan Freeman award them millions of dollars while Alicia Keys performs on stage and other A-listers rub shoulders with NASA astronauts.

But the guest list for the Breakthrough prize ceremony is intended to make it an occasion. At the fifth such event in California last night, a handful of the world’s top researchers left their labs behind for the limelight. Honoured for their work on black holes and string theory, DNA repair and rare diseases, and unfathomable modifications to Schrödinger’s equation, they went home to newly recharged bank accounts.

Founded by Yuri Milner, the billionaire tech investor, with Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg and Google’s Sergey Brin, the Breakthrough prizes aim to right a perceived wrong: that scientists and engineers are not appreciated by society. With lucrative prizes and a lavish party dubbed “the Oscars of science”, Milner and his companions want to elevate scientists to rock star status.

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Dec 1, 2016

A.I. Can Teach Itself to Recognize Faces Now

Posted by in categories: biological, information science, mathematics, robotics/AI

The goal of roboticists has long been to make A.I. as efficient as the human brain, and researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology just brought them one step closer.

In a recent paper, published in the journal Biology, scientists were able to successfully train a neural network to recognize faces at different angles by feeding it a set of different orientations for several face templates. Although this only initially gave the neural network the ability to roughly reach invariance — the ability to process data regardless of form — over time, the network taught itself to achieve full “mirror symmetry. Through mathematical algorithms, the neural network was able to mimic the human brain’s ability to understand objects are the same despite orientation or rotation.

The brain requires three different layers to process image orientation.

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Nov 28, 2016

Researchers may have uncovered an algorithm that explains intelligence

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, neuroscience, robotics/AI

What if a simple algorithm were all it took to program tomorrow’s artificial intelligence to think like humans?

According to a paper published in the journal Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, it may be that easy — or difficult. Are you a glass-half-full or half-empty kind of person?

Researchers behind the theory presented experimental evidence for the Theory of Connectivity — the theory that all of the brains processes are interconnected (massive oversimplification alert) — “that a simple mathematical logic underlies brain computation.” Simply put, an algorithm could map how the brain processes information. The painfully-long research paper describes groups of similar neurons forming multiple attachments meant to handle basic ideas or information. These groupings form what researchers call “functional connectivity motifs” (FCM), which are responsible for every possible combination of ideas.

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Nov 28, 2016

MIT’s deep-learning software produces videos of the future

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, transportation

When you see a photo of a dog bounding across the lawn, it’s pretty easy for us humans to imagine how the following moments played out. Well, scientists at MIT have just trained machines to do the same thing, with artificial intelligence software that can take a single image and use it to to create a short video of the seconds that followed. The technology is still bare-bones, but could one day make for smarter self-driving cars that are better prepared for the unexpected, among other applications.

The software uses a deep-learning algorithm that was trained on two million unlabeled videos amounting to a year’s worth of screen time. It actually consists of two separate neural networks that compete with one another. The first has been taught to separate the foreground and the background and to identify the object in the image, which allows the model to then determine what is moving and what isn’t.

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Nov 28, 2016

Genevieve Bell: ‘Humanity’s greatest fear is about being irrelevant’

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

The Australian anthropologist explains why being scared about AI and big data has more to do with our fear of each other than killer robots.

Nov 25, 2016

We are pleased to share an update on our research in 3D capture and algorithms

Posted by in categories: augmented reality, information science, transportation

We took the technology out of the studio and into a car – making Holoportation truly mobile. To accomplish this, we reduced the bandwidth requirements by 97%, while still maintaining quality. This new mobile Holoportation system greatly increases the potential applications of real-time 3D capture and transmission.

Nov 23, 2016

Basic algorithm that enables our intelligence discovered in brains

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, information science, mathematics, neuroscience

Image copyright of Augusta University

Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables us to not just recognize a traditional Thanksgiving meal, but the intelligence to ponder the broader implications of a bountiful harvest as well as good family and friends.

“A relatively simple mathematical logic underlies our complex brain computations,” said Dr. Joe Z. Tsien, neuroscientist at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, co-director of the Augusta University Brain and Behavior Discovery Institute and Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Cognitive and Systems Neurobiology.

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