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Sep 23, 2021

A Major Advance in Computing Solves a Complex Math Problem 1 Million Times Faster

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI, space

Reservoir computing is already one of the most advanced and most powerful types of artificial intelligence that scientists have at their disposal – and now a new study outlines how to make it up to a million times faster on certain tasks.

That’s an exciting development when it comes to tackling the most complex computational challenges, from predicting the way the weather is going to turn, to modeling the flow of fluids through a particular space.

Such problems are what this type of resource-intensive computing was developed to take on; now, the latest innovations are going to make it even more useful. The team behind this new study is calling it the next generation of reservoir computing.

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Sep 23, 2021

The Next Generation of Nanobionic Light-Emitting Plants

Posted by in categories: cyborgs, nanotechnology, transhumanism

Using specialized nanoparticles embedded in plant leaves, MIT engineers have created a novel light-emitting plant that can be charged by an LED. In this image, the green parts are the nanoparticles that have been aggregated on the surface of spongy mesophyll tissue within the plant leaves. Credit: Courtesy of the researchers.

Using nanoparticles that store and gradually release light, engineers create light-emitting plants that can be charged repeatedly.

Using specialized nanoparticles embedded in plant leaves, MIT.

Sep 23, 2021

DronePaint: A human-swarm interaction system for environment exploration and artistic painting

Posted by in categories: drones, information science

Researchers at Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) in Russia have recently developed an innovative system for human-swarm interactions that allows users to directly control the movements of a team of drones in complex environments. This system, presented in a paper pre-published on arXiv is based on an interface that recognizes human gestures and adapts the drones’ trajectories accordingly.

Quadcopters, drones with four rotors that can fly for long periods of time, could have numerous valuable applications. For instance, they could be used to capture images or videos in natural or remote environments, can aid search-and– and help to deliver goods to specific locations.

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Sep 23, 2021

Craig Fugate, Chief Emergency Management Officer, One Concern — Disaster Science, Digital Twins, AI

Posted by in categories: climatology, health, robotics/AI, science

Disaster sciences, digital twins & artificial intelligence — craig fugate, chief emergency management officer, one concern.


Mr. Craig Fugate is the former Director of the Florida Division of Emergency Management, and former administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA — an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, whose primary purpose is to coordinate the response to disasters that have occurred in the United States and that overwhelm the resources of local and state authorities.)

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Sep 23, 2021

Liquid experiments show how beautiful things can happen when chemicals meet

Posted by in categories: chemistry, energy

See how dormant potential energy explodes in psychedelic swirls when chemicals meet by combining oils, alcohols and inks in Petri dishes. Via the dazzling, colourful patterns that emerge, Gatti draws a line back to the surface of the Sun, where the constant churn of a volatile chemical reaction makes life on Earth possible.

Sep 23, 2021

Mario animated using the supercooled atoms in a quantum computer

Posted by in categories: computing, particle physics, quantum physics

Physicists with the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms have just announced new success with a particular style of quantum computer —a “programmable quantum simulator”. In this architecture, they take supercold rubidium atoms and use optical tweezers (beams of light) to arrange the atoms into shapes.

As the Harvard Gazette writes …

This new system allows the atoms to be assembled in two-dimensional arrays of optical tweezers. This increases the achievable system size from 51 to 256 qubits. Using the tweezers, researchers can arrange the atoms in defect-free patterns and create programmable shapes like square, honeycomb, or triangular lattices to engineer different interactions between the qubits.

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Sep 23, 2021

Strange mathematical term changes our entire view of black holes

Posted by in categories: cosmology, mathematics, physics

Black holes are getting weirder by the day. When scientists first confirmed the behemoths existed back in the 1970s, we thought they were pretty simple, inert corpses. Then, famed physicist Stephen Hawking discovered that black holes aren’t exactly black and they actually emit heat. And now, a pair of physicists has realized that the sort-of-dark objects also exert a pressure on their surroundings.

The finding that such simple, non-rotating “black holes have a pressure as well as a temperature is even more exciting given that it was a total surprise,” co-author Xavier Calmet, a professor of physics at the University of Sussex in England, said in a statement.

Sep 23, 2021

Monster comet falling toward the sun is bigger than a Martian moon

Posted by in category: space

Earlier this year, two astronomers discovered what could be the largest comet ever seen in the solar system while combing through data collected by the Dark Energy Survey. Now, a new study led by the same scientists describes this beefy deep space monster as the “nearly spherical cow of comets.”

The comet is cataloged as Comet C/2014 UN271 but is also known as Comet Bernardinelli-Bernstein for its discovery duo, Pedro Bernardinelli and Gary Bernstein, both from the University of Pennsylvania.

Unlock the biggest mysteries of our planet and beyond with the CNET Science newsletter. Delivered Mondays.

Continue reading “Monster comet falling toward the sun is bigger than a Martian moon” »

Sep 23, 2021

A universal system for decoding any type of data sent across a network

Posted by in categories: computing, engineering, information science, internet

New chip eliminates the need for specific decoding hardware, could boost efficiency of gaming systems, 5G networks, the internet of things, and more.


A new silicon chip can decode any error-correcting code through the use of a novel algorithm known as Guessing Random Additive Noise Decoding (GRAND). The work was led by Muriel Médard, an engineering professor in the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics.

Sep 23, 2021

Second-Hand Psychological Stress Can Lead to Depression

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Summary: Mouse study reveals chronic stress affects neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus.

Source: Tokyo University of Science.

Depression is a serious medical condition that plagues modern society. Several theories have been proposed to explain the physiological basis of depression, of which the “neurogenic hypothesis of depression” has garnered much attention.

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