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Jun 8, 2020

New Genetic Identification of COVID-19 Susceptibility Will Aid Treatment

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics

For the first time, Italian scientists have been able to identify the genetic and molecular basis of this susceptibility to infection as well as to the possibility of contracting a more severe form of the disease. The research will be presented to the 53rd annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics, being held entirely on-line due to the Covid-19 pandemic, today [Saturday].

Jun 8, 2020

AI Transforming The Construction Industry

Posted by in categories: employment, robotics/AI

Construction is one of the oldest professions as people have been building shelters and structures for millennia. However the industry has evolved quite a bit in the way they design, plan, and build structures. For decades, technology has been used in the construction industry to make jobs more efficient and construction projects and structures safer.

In recent years, construction companies have increasingly started using AI in a range of ways to make construction more efficient and innovative. From optimizing work schedules to improving workplace safety to keeping a secure watch on construction facilities,…struction/ href= rel=“nofollow noopener noreferrer” target=_blank title=>AI in the construction industry is already proving its value.

Jun 8, 2020

Hubble Looked as Far Back in Time as it Could, and Still Couldn’t See the First Generation of Stars in the Universe

Posted by in category: space

Astronomers don’t know exactly when the first stars formed in the Universe because they haven’t been observed yet. And now, new observations from the Hubble Space Telescope suggest the first stars and galaxies may have formed even earlier than previously estimated.

Why? We *still* haven’t seen them, even with the best telescope we’ve got, pushed to its limits.

A group of researchers used Hubble to look back in time (and space) as far as it could see, hoping to study these first generation of stars of the early Universe, which are called Population III stars. Hubble peered and squinted back to when the Universe was just 500 million years old – which is thought to be Hubble’s limit — and found no evidence of these very first stars.

Jun 8, 2020

This Interactive Map Tells You Which Countries Are Open for Travel

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, transportation

As we head into summer, it’s hard not to think about traveling. Not only it is the traditional season for vacations, but we’ve also been cooped up inside for months and most of us are probably itching to explore something new. Of course, given that we’re in the middle of a global pandemic where travel—especially by plane—isn’t a great idea, planning a trip may be more fantasy than reality these days. Either way, you may be curious about which countries have opened up to tourists. If so, an interactive map put out by the International Airline Transportation Association is a great tool.

Jun 8, 2020

Hubble Space Telescope snaps ultra-clear image of 13-billion-year-old globular cluster

Posted by in category: space

NASA/ESA’s Hubble Space Telescope has just captured a striking new image of a globular cluster some 44,000 light-years away from Earth and 13,000 light-years from the heart of the Milky Way. NGC 6441 is a 13-billion-year-old collection of galaxies existing in the southern constellation of Scorpius,…

Jun 8, 2020

Elon Musk tells SpaceX employees that its Starship rocket is the top priority now

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, space travel

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk wants employees to focus on the company’s Starship rocket, according to an email seen by CNBC.

Jun 8, 2020

“Tissue Clearing” Technique Offers Incredible View Deep Inside Animals

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, chemistry

Light-sheet images of DEEP-Clear processed zebrafish showing proliferative cells (pink) and the nervous system (green). Credit: TU Wien / Max Perutz Labs.

An important observation that helped to develop the new method was that the combination of different chemical treatments had a synergistic effect, allowing for fast depigmentation and tissue clearing. “Shortening chemical processing preserves the integrity of tissues and organisms, so that the molecules and internal structures of interest are more likely to be retained,” explains Marko Pende, the developer of the clearing method, from the lab of Hans-Ulrich Dodt at the TU Wien and the Center for Brain Research (CBR) of the Medical University of Vienna, and one of the first authors of the study. This way multiple organisms could be imaged from different clades ranging from mollusks to bony fish to amphibians. “These are just a few examples. We believe that the method is applicable to multiple organisms. It was just not tried yet”, explains Prof. Hans Ulrich Dodt, senior author of the study.

Jun 8, 2020

The Quest to Decode the Brain

Posted by in category: neuroscience

New tools that can give a more detailed look at how neurons work are leading the research of brain scientists in new directions.

Jun 8, 2020

Stellar Glitter in a Field of Black – But All Is Not What It Seems

Posted by in category: space

Galaxy KK 246, a dwarf irregular galaxy residing within the Local Void, looks like glitter spilled across a black velvet sheet in this Hubble image. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, E. Shaya, L. Rizzi, B. Tully, et al.

Jun 8, 2020

OpenAI & UberAI Proposed A New Method To Neural Architecture Search

Posted by in categories: business, robotics/AI

Recently, OpenAI collaborated with UberAI to propose a new approach — Synthetic Petri Dish — for accelerating the most expensive step of Neural Architecture Search (NAS). The researchers explored whether the computational efficiency of NAS can be improved by creating a new kind of surrogate, one that can benefit from miniaturised training and still generalise beyond the observed distribution of ground-truth evaluations.

Deep neural networks have been witnessing success and are able to mitigate various business challenges such as speech recognition, image recognition, machine translation, among others for a few years now.

According to the researchers, Neural Architecture Search (NAS) explores a large space of architectural motifs and is a compute-intensive process that often involves ground-truth evaluation of each motif by instantiating it within a large network, and training and evaluating the network with thousands or more data samples. By motif, the researchers meant the design of a repeating recurrent cell or activation function that is repeated often in a larger Neural Network blueprint.