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Apr 24, 2024

Ghost Particles: Neutrinos Challenge Everything We Know About Physics

Posted by in category: particle physics

The discovery and ongoing research into neutrinos have significantly altered the foundational concepts of particle physics, highlighting the particles’ mass and challenging the accuracy of the standard model.

In the 1930s, it turned out that neither the energy nor the momentum balance is correct in the radioactive beta decay of an atomic nucleus. This led to the postulate of “ghost particles” that “secretly” carry away energy and momentum. In 1956, experimental proof of such neutrinos was finally obtained.

The challenge: neutrinos only interact with other particles of matter via the weak interaction that is also underlying the beta decay of an atomic nucleus. For this reason, hundreds of trillions of neutrinos from the cosmos, especially the sun, can pass through our bodies every second without causing any damage. Extremely rare neutrino collisions with other particles of matter can only be detected with huge detectors.

Apr 24, 2024

Inside the Race to Revolutionize Quantum Computing

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, robotics/AI

AI is the technology trend of the moment—but what’s 10 years down the road? Some experts say quantum computing will be the next game changer. WSJ visited IBM’s quantum computing lab to learn why.

Apr 24, 2024

Taste Buds Meet Technology: AI’s Impact on Personalized Taste Experiences

Posted by in categories: food, robotics/AI

The recent collaboration between Kaffa Roastery and Elev highlights the potential of AI in food science, particularly in creating personalized taste experiences.

Taste Buds Meet TechnologyThe recent collaboration between Kaffa Roastery and Elev, a Finnish AI consultancy, has shed light on the potential of artificial intelligence in the world of food science. By leveraging AI models to create a unique coffee blend tailored to enthusiasts’ tastes, this partnership has opened up a new realm of possibilities for personalized food experiences. But what if AI could go beyond just coffee blends? Imagine a future where AI can help individuals discover their unique taste profiles and create recipes specifically designed for their palates. This new approach to cooking could transform the way we think about food and our relationship with it.

Apr 24, 2024

Artificial Cells Built with Programmable Peptide-DNA Cytoskeletons

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, life extension, nanotechnology

Unlike the rigid skeletons within our bodies, the skeletons within individual cells—cytoskeletons—are changeable, even fluid. And when these cytoskeletons reorganize themselves, they do more than support different cell shapes. They permit different functions.

Little wonder, then, that scientists who build artificial cells hope to create synthetic cytoskeletons that act like natural cytoskeletons. Synthetic cytoskeletons capable of supporting dynamic changes in cell shape and function could enable the development of novel drug delivery systems, diagnostic tools, and regenerative medicine applications.

Synthetic cytoskeletons have incorporated building blocks such as polymers, small molecules, carbon nanotubes, peptides, and DNA nanofilaments. Mostly DNA nanofilaments. Although they offer programmability, they can be hard to fine tune. To get around this difficulty, scientists based at UNC Chapel Hill led by Ronit Freeman, PhD, investigated the relatively unexplored possibilities offered by peptides. Specifically, the scientists engineered artificial cells using a programmable peptide–DNA nanotechnology approach.

Apr 24, 2024

Traditional Japanese Diet associated with Less Brain Shrinkage in Women compared to Western Diet, says research

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, health, neuroscience

Cognitive decline and dementia already affect more than 55 million people worldwide. This number is projected to skyrocket over the next few decades as the global population ages.

There are certain risk factors of cognitive decline and dementia that we cannot change – such as having a genetic predisposition to these conditions. But other risk factors we may have more power over – with research showing certain modifiable lifestyle habits, such as smoking, obesity and lack of exercise, are all linked to higher risk of dementia.

What role nutrition plays in preventing cognitive decline and dementia has also been the focus of scientific research for quite some time.

Apr 24, 2024

Inexplicable Flying Fox found in Hydra Galaxy Cluster

Posted by in category: space

High sensitivity radio observations have discovered a cloud of magnetized plasma in the Hydra galaxy cluster. The odd location and shape of this plasma defy all conventional explanations. Dubbed the Flying Fox based on its silhouette, this plasma will remain a mystery until additional observations can provide more insight.

A team led by Kohei Kurahara at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan analyzed observations from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) targeting the Hydra galaxy cluster, located over 100 million light years away in the direction of the constellation Hydra.

By applying recent analysis techniques to the GMRT (Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope) data archive, the team was able to discover a cloud of magnetized plasma shaped like a flying fox which has never been reported before.

Apr 24, 2024

Chipless Fiber for Wireless Visual-to-Digital Transmission Senses Interactions with the Human Body

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing

A team of materials scientists and engineers from Donghua University, in China, and the National University of Singapore, has developed a type of fiber that does not rely on chips or batteries to convert visual signals to digital transmissions as it interacts with the human body.

The paper is published in the journal Science. Yunzhu Li and Yiyue Luo with the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and MIT, respectively, have published a Perspective piece in the same journal issue outlining the work done by the team on this new effort.

Over the past several years, scientists have been trying to find a way to integrate electronic devices with textiles for such applications as clothes that can display colors, patterns or even messages. Unfortunately, previous efforts involve adding stiff batteries and chips to materials, making them too uncomfortable to wear. In this new effort, the researchers have found a way to get around these problems.

Apr 24, 2024

The basis of the universe may not be energy or matter but information

Posted by in categories: particle physics, supercomputing

In this radical view, the universe is a giant supercomputer processing particles as bits.

Apr 24, 2024

Flamethrowing robot dog goes on sale in US

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

A US company has built a flame-throwing robot dog capable f shooting jets of fire up to 30 feet that is available for purchase online.

Called the Thermonator, the four-legged robot comes equipped with an ARC Flamethrower mounted on its back.

Continue reading “Flamethrowing robot dog goes on sale in US” »

Apr 24, 2024

Tesla’s Optimus robots to be sold soon? Elon Musk shares major update

Posted by in categories: business, Elon Musk, robotics/AI, transportation

Humanoid robots have been in development for many years by Japan’s Honda and Hyundai Motor’s Boston Dynamics. Earlier this year, Microsoft and Nvidia-backed startup Figure said it had signed a partnership with German automaker BMW to deploy humanoid robots in the car maker’s facility in the US.

Elon Musk said before that robot sales could become a larger part of the Tesla business. He said, “I think Tesla is best positioned of any humanoid robot maker to be able to reach volume production with efficient inference on the robot itself.”

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