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Nov 29, 2023

ChatGPT for chemistry: AI and robots join forces to build new materials

Posted by in categories: chemistry, particle physics, robotics/AI

Over centuries of painstaking laboratory work, chemists have synthesized several hundred thousand inorganic compounds — generally speaking, materials not based on the chains of carbon atoms that are characteristic of organic chemistry. Yet studies suggest that billions of relatively simple inorganic materials are still waiting to be discovered3. So where to start looking?

Many projects have tried to cut down on time spent in the lab tinkering with various materials by computationally simulating new inorganic materials and calculating properties such as how their atoms would pack together in a crystal. These efforts — including the Materials Project based at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, California — have collectively come up with about 48,000 materials that they predict will be stable.

Google DeepMind has now supersized this approach with an AI system called graph networks for materials exploration (GNoME). After training on data scraped from the Materials Project and similar databases, GNoME tweaked the composition of known materials to come up with 2.2 million potential compounds. After calculating whether these materials would be stable, and predicting their crystal structures, the system produced a final tally of 381,000 new inorganic compounds to add to the Materials Project database1.

Nov 29, 2023

Mars horizon captured in new image: “No Mars spacecraft has ever had this kind of view before”

Posted by in category: space

NASA revealed multiple new panoramic images of clouds and dust in Mars’ skies and one of its two tiny moons taken by the spacecraft last May. They were captured by the Odyssey’s camera, called the Thermal Emission Imaging System, or THEMIS.

The rare images were taken from an altitude of about 250 miles, the same altitude at which the International Space Station flies above Earth, according to NASA.

“If there were astronauts in orbit over Mars, this is the perspective they would have,” said Jonathon Hill, the operations lead of THEMIS. “No Mars spacecraft has ever had this kind of view before.”

Nov 29, 2023

Researchers develop first-of-its-kind woven material made entirely from flexible organic crystals

Posted by in categories: engineering, space travel

Applying simple, ancient weaving techniques to newly recognized properties of organic crystals, researchers with the Smart Materials Lab (SML) and the Center for Smart Engineering Materials (CSEM) at NYU Abu Dhabi (NYUAD) have, for the first time, developed a unique form of woven “textile.” These new fabric patches expand one-dimensional crystals into flexible, integrated, two-dimensional planar structures that are incredibly strong—some 20 times stronger than the original crystals—and resistant to low temperatures.

These traits give them a host of exciting potential applications, including in that range from sensing devices to optical arrays, as well as in extreme conditions such as low temperatures encountered in space exploration.

In the paper titled “Woven Organic Crystals” published in the journal Nature Communications, Panče Naumov, NYUAD Professor of Chemistry and Director of the CSEM, and colleagues from Jilin University demonstrate that organic crystal can be simply woven into flexible and robust patches with plain, twill, and satin textures.

Nov 29, 2023

Key molecule for life may have formed on interstellar ice

Posted by in category: space travel

Some scientists suspect that amino acids were transported to Earth by meteorites. A team has now found that an amino acid called carbamic acid forms at extreme cold temperatures, suggesting that it may have been created on clumps of ice in deep space.

By Chen Ly

Nov 29, 2023

The Social Side Of AI: Think Carefully About The Future

Posted by in categories: futurism, robotics/AI

A lot of what we talk about with artificial intelligence and machine learning is what you might call “technical considerations” – which makes sense, because these are groundbreaking technologies.

But AI is going to be social, too – it’s going to have a social context. One way to explain that is that with ‘humans in the loop’ and assistive AI, the AI has to be able to interact with humans in particular ways.

So what about the social end of AI research?

Nov 29, 2023

Could AI Chatbots Be Our Future Therapists? A Psychologist Weighs In

Posted by in categories: futurism, robotics/AI

Is psychology truly “technology-proof,” or is it on the brink of a technological revolution?

Discover the power of AI in therapy, and how digital approaches could break accessibility constraints in mental healthcare.

Nov 29, 2023

This cylindrical module could be first home of astronauts on the Moon

Posted by in categories: habitats, space

Thales Alenia Space is working on the creation of a lunar module called the Multi-Purpose Habitat (MPH).

Thales Alenia Space.

NASA is actively seeking technological solutions to construct a safe haven for future astronauts as well as investigate the feasibility of long-term settlements.

Nov 29, 2023

Pollution from cigarette butts cost world US $186 billion in 10 years

Posted by in categories: health, materials

The new study estimates $25.7 billion lost annually in waste management and damage to marine ecosystems.


Cigarette filters were marketed under the guise of addressing health concerns by providing a false impression of safety. These filters, made of a material called cellulose acetate, don’t actually reduce health risks and can even harm the lungs. The cellulose acetate fibers have been shown to deposit into the lungs of smokers.

Nov 29, 2023

Boston Dynamics’ Spot robot dogs to start painting residency program

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

Under the guidance of Agnieszka Pilat, the trio of Spot robot dogs will independently paint an acrylic ground canvas for their participation in the event.

Agnieszka Pilat.

Continue reading “Boston Dynamics’ Spot robot dogs to start painting residency program” »

Nov 29, 2023

Seratech bakes bricks overnight using CO2 captured from factories

Posted by in categories: education, engineering, sustainability

To commercialize the carbon-neutral bricks, Seratech is working together with a team of architects at London-based Carmody Groarke.


The brick is a product of 18 months of research funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF).

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